Navigation Links
Gout prevalence swells in US over last 2 decades
Date:7/27/2011

A new study shows the prevalence of gout in the U.S. has risen over the last twenty years and now affects 8.3 million (4%) Americans. Prevalence of increased uric acid levels (hyperuricemia) also rose, affecting 43.3 million (21%) adults in the U.S. Greater frequency of obesity and hypertension may be associated with the jump in prevalence rates according to the findings now available in Arthritis & Rheumatism, a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR).

Gout, an inflammatory arthritis triggered by crystallization of uric acid within the joints, causes severe pain and swelling. Medical evidence suggests that gout is strongly associated with metabolic syndromea group of health conditions characterized by central obesity, insulin resistance, high blood pressure and blood lipid issuesand may lead to heart attack, diabetes and premature death. Prior research found that gout incidence in the U.S. more than doubled from the 1960s to 1990s.

"Our study aim was to determine if the prevalence of gout and hyperuricemia among U.S. adults has continued to climb in the new millennium," said Dr. Hyon Choi, Professor of Medicine in the Section of Rheumatology and the Clinical Epidemiology Unit at Boston University School of Medicine in Massachusetts and senior investigator of the present study.

Researchers analyzed data from the latest U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) which was conducted in 2007 and 2008, comparing the data with those from previous NHANES surveys (1988-1994). There were 5,707 participants who completed the most recent NHANES survey which included questions regarding history of gout diagnosed by a healthcare professional. Researchers defined hyperuricemia as serum urate level greater than 7.0 mg/dL in men and 5.7 mg/dL in women.

Results from the nationally-representative sample of adult Americans suggest gout and hyperuricemia remain prevalent in the U.S. and compared to earlier NHANES data was 1% and 3% higher, respectively. After adjusting for obesity or hypertension, the differences in prevalence rates were substantially lessened. Further analysis revealed that gout prevalence was higher in men (6%) compared to women (2%); hyperuricemia occurred in 21.2% of men and 21.6% of women.

Dr. Choi concluded, "We found that the prevalences of gout and hyperuricemia continue to be substantial in the U.S. adult population. Improvements in managing modifiable risk factors, such as obesity and hypertension, could help prevent further escalation of gout and hyperuricemia among Americans."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dawn Peters
healthnews@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Higher prevalence of psychiatric symptoms found in children with epilepsy
2. 1 percent -- 1 in 110 -- CDC issues new autism prevalence report
3. Team solves decades-old molecular mystery linked to blood clotting
4. Scots carbon emissions could be halved in decades, study suggests
5. Cold cases gone hot: Montreal researchers solve decades-old medical mysteries using genetics
6. Colossal fossil: Museums new whale skeleton represents decades of research
7. Arctic lake sediments show warming, unique ecological changes in recent decades
8. UC San Diego engineer provides insights to decades-old DNA squabble
9. New study indicates smallpox vaccination effective for decades
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... , Dec. 14, 2016 "Increase in mobile ... market" The mobile biometrics market is expected to grow ... billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 29.3% between ... such as the growing demand for smart devices, government ... "Software component is expected to grow at ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... 2016 According to a new market research report "Emotion ... Expression, Voice Recognition), Service, Application Area, End User, And Region - Global Forecast ... USD 6.72 Billion in 2016 to USD 36.07 Billion by 2021, at a ... Reading ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:12/6/2016)... , Dec. 6, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ... has priced an offering of €500.0 million principal amount of ... principal amount of its 2.425% senior unsecured notes due 2026. ... to occur on December 13, 2016, subject to the satisfaction of ... annual basis. The Company intends ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... uBiome, the leading microbial genomics company, ... Editor, Dr. Elisabeth Bik, in the December 2016 issue of the Dutch Journal ... October 2016 from her previous position at Stanford University School of Medicine and ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... Texas , Jan. 18, 2017  Caris ... and the Lustgarten Foundation, the largest private funder ... a clinical trial evaluating the impact of immunotherapy ... providing clinical trial enrollment services to identify potential ... facilitate communication between treating physicians and study investigators. ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... 17, 2017 , ... MS Technologies™ and Bayer have received ... Performance System will combine industry-leading genetics with a double herbicide-tolerant trait that will ... Bean herbicide. The Balance™ GT Soybean Performance System will benefit soybean growers by ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... WARSAW, Ind. , Jan. 17, 2017  Zimmer ... its fourth quarter and full-year 2016 sales and earnings ... on Tuesday, January 31, 2017, at 8 a.m. Eastern ... results will be made available at 7:30 a.m. Eastern ... The live audio webcast can be accessed via Zimmer ...
Breaking Biology Technology: