Navigation Links
'Good' prion-like proteins boost immune response, UT Southwestern scientists report
Date:8/8/2011

DALLAS Aug. 8, 2011 A person's ability to battle viruses at the cellular level remarkably resembles the way deadly infectious agents called prions misfold and cluster native proteins to cause disease, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report.

This study marks the first discovery of so-called "good" prion-like proteins in human cells and the first to find such proteins involved in innate immunity: the way the body recognizes and responds to threats from viruses or other external agents, said Dr. Zhijian "James" Chen, professor of molecular biology and senior author of the study in the Aug. 5 print edition of the journal Cell.

"An understanding of how cells maintain good prion-like proteins called MAVS [mitochondrial antiviral signaling] protein may help us understand how some prions turn bad," said Dr. Chen, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator at UT Southwestern. Moreover, the research may also deepen our knowledge of innate immunity and host defense, he said.

Prions are misfolded, self-perpetuating proteins responsible for fatal brain infections such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy so-called mad cow disease in cattle and the extremely rare variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) in some people who eat beef from infected cattle. Currently all prion-related diseases are untreatable and are fatal.

The MAVS prion-like proteins usually are scattered on the membranes of the energy-producing organelles called the mitochondria that reside inside cells throughout the body, he explained.

UT Southwestern researchers, investigating the cellular response to invasion by a member of the family of viruses that includes influenza and hepatitis, discovered that the MAVS proteins change shape and recruit other MAVS proteins to misfold and aggregate [cluster] in tough clumps on the surface of the mitochondrial membranes to defend against viral assault, Dr. Chen said.

The researchers create
'/>"/>

Contact: Deborah Wormser
deborah.wormser@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Your mother was right: Study shows good posture makes you tougher
2. The truth about cats and dogs: Pets are good for mental health of everyday people
3. Can gulls smell out a good partner?
4. Evolutionary kings of the hill use good, bad and ugly mutations to speed ahead of competition
5. Betting on good luck and 4-leaf clovers
6. Eating dirt can be good for the belly, researchers find
7. Good guy or bad guy? Diagnosing stomach disease in pet reptiles
8. Clubbers can smell a good nightspot
9. As good as gold
10. Scorpion venom -- bad for bugs, good for pesticides
11. Study finds routine periodic fasting is good for your health, and your heart
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
'Good' prion-like proteins boost immune response, UT Southwestern scientists report
(Date:12/15/2014)... , Dec. 12, 2014 Research and Markets ... the "Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019" report ... Facial recognition is a technology used ... the overall facial feature of a person such as ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... 2014  Data Sciences International (DSI), the global leader ... series of digital telemetry implants to meet the ... part of the PhysioTel™ Digital platform, was designed ... data when incorporating functional endpoints into repeat-dose toxicology ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... DIEGO , Dec. 9, 2014 CIE San Diego ... provides the connective tissue that enhances care coordination among social ... client-level information; earned a second $1 million grant from the ... in community and; will be recognized as a "Live Well ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, Cognitec Systems, NEC and Safran Group 2Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, Cognitec Systems, NEC and Safran Group 3New telemetry implants expected to change how large animal toxicology studies are conducted 2Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 2Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 3Community Information Exchange San Diego Launches Pilot, Secures $1 Million Expansion Grant, and Becomes a "Live Well San Diego" Partner 4
... a group of human subjects to operate a robot-controlled joystick, ... "learns" to control certain muscle movements, the more likely it ... results, the investigators say, could alter rehabilitation approaches for people ... , In a report on the work in the ...
... and exercise performance measures of trained cyclists at high ... a lot -- up to 45% -- while others ... level. , Ten cyclists who took sildenafil at altitude ... kilometers by 15% compared to placebo trials at altitude. ...
... for breast cancer do not increase their life expectancy ... analysis by researchers from UC Davis, UCSF, the University ... addition, the researchers showed that tamoxifen is an extraordinarily ... per year of life saved. The study will be ...
Cached Biology News:New approach to vaccine development provides potent, long-lasting immunity 2New approach to vaccine development provides potent, long-lasting immunity 3Viagra improves high altitude exercise performance up to 45% for some 2Viagra improves high altitude exercise performance up to 45% for some 3Viagra improves high altitude exercise performance up to 45% for some 4Tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention does not benefit most women 2Tamoxifen for breast cancer prevention does not benefit most women 3
(Date:1/22/2015)... January 22, 2015 Pipette.com has added ... to their comprehensive portfolio of Eppendorf products. , The ... purchase a Centrifuge 5424/5424 R and receive the following:, ... Eppendorf Research plus or Eppendorf Reference 2 , ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Selexis SA, a serial innovation company with proven ... for drug discovery to commercial manufacturing, announced today all ... Sequencing (NGS) data packages. The NGS analysis of ... the integrity of the gene, validation of the left ...
(Date:1/22/2015)...  Varian Medical Systems (NYSE: VAR ), world leader ... commitment to sustainability with inclusion on a prestigious list of ... healthcare equipment company among the Corporate Knights Global 100 Most ... at Davos, Switzerland . ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Md. , Dec. 24, 2014  United Therapeutics Corporation ... Inc. (NYSE: MDT ) has submitted a ... Administration (FDA) for the use of Medtronic,s SynchroMed ® ... developed catheter) for use with United Therapeutics, Remodulin ® ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Eppendorf Announces Promotional Bundle Which Includes: Eppendorf Centrifuge 5424, 3-Pack of Pipettes, and Tips - Available Now at Pipette.com 2Selexis Generated Research Cell Banks Now Fully Sequenced Using Next-Generation Sequencing 2Varian Honored Among World's 100 Most Sustainable Corporations 2United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 2United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 3United Therapeutics Announces Submission Of Pre-Market Approval Application For Implantable Drug Infusion System To Deliver Remodulin 4
... today announced that it has secured $38 million in ... in 2004, the company has raised $92 million in ... round, which consists of two tranches, was led by ... rata participation of existing investors Apax Partners, Clarus Ventures, ...
... April 7 , - ... Ansell Global Healthcare Educational Program, Accepted,for Accreditation , ... leader in healthcare barrier,protective solutions, has announced it has ... community in the area of continued,education. , ...
... Geographical Society,s awards ceremony on Wednesday, April 15, at ... polar explorers - of this planet and of Mars. ... the gargantuan task of relocating the society,s library, described ... the western hemisphere," from New York to Wisconsin in ...
Cached Biology Technology:Aerovance Secures $38 Million in Equity Financing 2Aerovance Secures $38 Million in Equity Financing 3Ansell Healthcare Espresses Firm Commitment to Support Continued Education of Healthcare Professionals Worldwide 2Ansell Healthcare Espresses Firm Commitment to Support Continued Education of Healthcare Professionals Worldwide 3Ansell Healthcare Espresses Firm Commitment to Support Continued Education of Healthcare Professionals Worldwide 4American Geographical Society awards honor Henson, Smith on April 15 at UD 2American Geographical Society awards honor Henson, Smith on April 15 at UD 3American Geographical Society awards honor Henson, Smith on April 15 at UD 4
Mouse monoclonal antibody to PPP2R2C - protein phosphatase 2 (formerly 2A), regulatory subunit B (PR 52), gamma isoform...
These 96-well 0.2 ml thin-wall PCR plate caps are caps that are used to seal 96-well, 0.2 ml thin-wall PCR plates. Supplied as 300 caps....
ImmunoPure Plus Immobilized Protein G, , , , Support: Cross-linked 6%, beaded agarose , Capacity: > 20 mg human IgG/ml of gel ...
Mouse polyclonal antibody to ALS2CR8 - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 2 (juvenile) chromosome region, candidate 8...
Biology Products: