Navigation Links
Gold nanostars outshine the competition
Date:10/15/2008

Novel nanoparticles being tested at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have researchers seeing stars. In a recent paper,* NIST scientists used surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) to demonstrate that gold nanostars exhibit optical qualities that make them superior for chemical and biological sensing and imaging. These uniquely shaped nanoparticles may one day be used in a range of applications from disease diagnostics to contraband identification.

SERS relies on metallic nanoparticles, most commonly gold and silver, to amplify signals from molecules present in only trace quantities. For these types of experiments, scientists shine laser light on an aqueous solution containing the nanoparticles and the molecule of interest and monitor the scattered light. The detailed characteristics of both the molecule and the nanoparticle affect the strength of scattered light, which contains an identifying fingerprint for the molecule known as its vibrational signature. With nanoparticles amplifying the signature, it is possible to detect a very low concentration of molecules in a solution.

The NIST team tested the optical properties of the nanostars using two target molecules, 2-mercaptopyridine and crystal violet. These molecules were selected because of their structural similarity to biological molecules and their large number of delocalized electrons, a characteristic that lends itself to SERS. NIST researchers found that the Raman signal of 2-mercaptopyridine was 100,000 stronger when nanostars were present in the solution. The stars were also shown to be particularly capable of enhancing the signature of crystal violet, delivering a signal about 10 times stronger than the previous winner, nanorods. Both the nanostars and the nanorods outperformed the nanospheres commonly used for Raman enhancement.

NIST physicist Angela Hight Walker and her team perfected the process for making gold nanostars, building them from the bottom-up using surface alterations to manipulate their growth and control their shape. Once suspended in a solution, the team guided the nanostars to gather together to form multiple hot spots, where the enhancement is dramatically larger than for a single nanostar.

According to Hight Walker, the fact that they can now be created en masse and have desirable optical properties should prompt researchers to examine their possible applications, perhaps eventually making them the stars of the nanoworld.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Esser
mark.esser@nist.gov
301-975-8735
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. NJIT doctoral students receive recognition at poster competition
2. United we stand: When cooperation butts heads with competition
3. Piddling fish face off threat of competition
4. Primate sperm competition: speed matters
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Gold nanostars outshine the competition
(Date:2/2/2017)... 2, 2017  EyeLock LLC, a market leader of ... paper " What You Should Know About Biometrics in ... user authenticity is a growing concern. In traditional schemes, ... However, traditional authentication schemes such as username/password suffer from ... authentication offers an elegant solution to the problem of ...
(Date:1/30/2017)...   Invitae Corporation (NYSE: NVTA ... today announced that it will report its fourth quarter ... on Monday, February 13, 2017, and Invitae,s management team ... p.m. Eastern / 1:45 p.m. Pacific. ... financial results, guidance, and recent developments and will spend ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... NEW YORK , Jan. 24, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... market study of the laboratory use of nuclear ... of 363 experienced end-users and profiled current practices, ... three years, as well as growth and opportunities. ... NMR, Instrument suppliers, NMR instruments, needs and innovation ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/22/2017)... Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: PETX), a pet therapeutics company focused on ... companion animals, will host a live conference call on Tuesday, ... results from the fourth quarter and full year ended December ... access the audio webcast or use the conference ... ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Park Systems , a leader in Atomic ... all SPIE attendees and Park customers on Feb. 27, 2017 from 12-2pm ... Jose Convention Center. The luncheon will feature a talk on Automated AFM for ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... 2017 Scientists propose in Nature ... in Gaucher and maybe other lysosomal storage diseases as ... than current therapies. An international research team ... which also included investigators from the University of Lübeck ... Feb. 22. The study was conducted in mouse models ...
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... ProMIS ... precision treatments for neurodegenerative diseases, today announced it has issued a scientific white ... is one of a series of commentaries from ProMIS’s scientific team offering insight ...
Breaking Biology Technology: