Navigation Links
Gladstone scientists reveal key enzyme in fat absorption
Date:3/16/2009

Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes of Cardiovascular Disease (GICD) have found that a key enzyme involved in absorbing fat may also be a key to reducing it. The enzyme, acyl CoA: monoacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 or Mgat2 is found in the intestines and plays an important part in the uptake of dietary fat by catalyzing a critical step in making triglyceride, a kind of fat. Triglyceride accounts for nearly one-third of the fat eaten by people in developed countries.

Researchers in the laboratory of Robert V. Farese, Jr. MD, found that mice that were genetically modified to lack Mgat2 remain normal on a low-fat diet. However, when fed a high-fat diet that is similar to that eaten by many Americans, the mice do not get fat and do not develop other symptoms of obesity, such as glucose intolerance, hypercholesterolemia, and fatty livers. The mice eat the same number of calories as other mice, and the calories are fully absorbed. Results of their study were published in the current issue of the journal Nature Medicine.

"Because mice that lack this enzyme do not gain weight on a high-fat diet, it is an intriguing target for future interventions to prevent weight gain and the problems associated with that extra weight," said Dr. Farese.

The mechanism of action, the researchers identified was that the lack of Mgat2 may reduce the uptake of fat in the small intestine and delay its entry into the blood. This process may dissociate fat from carbohydrate absorption and insulin secretion and ultimately lower the amount of fat stored and used. How this happens is not clear. One possibility is that the absorbed fat is partitioned more to tissues where it is burned up.

"Differences in Mgat2 expression may contribute to the propensity of some people to gain weight from diets rich in fat," said Eric Yen, PhD, lead author of the study. "Our findings suggest that inhibiting this enzyme in the small intestine might be an effective way to treating metabolic diseases that result from excessive fat intake."


'/>"/>

Contact: Valerie Tucker
vtucker@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2019
Gladstone Institutes
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Gladstone scientists reveal that fat synthesizing enzyme is key to healthy skin and hair
2. Gladstone scientists create Wikipathways to foster research collaboration
3. Gladstone and Izumi Bio in partnership in regenerative medicine and cardiovascular disease
4. Gladstones Shinya Yamanaka wins prestigious Shaw Prize
5. Geoscientists discuss sea level rise, extreme storm events and more
6. Scientists gather to protect global food security from return of devastating wheat fungus
7. Antibody key to treating variant CJD, scientists find
8. Undesirable evolution can be reversed in fish, Stony Brook University scientists show
9. Lincoln Park Zoo scientists awarded National Institutes of Health grant
10. JCVI program trains USDA scientists on eukaryotic genome analysis
11. Monash scientists debug superbug
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:11/29/2016)... Nearly one billion matches per second with DERMALOG,s high-speed AFIS    ... ... DERMALOG is Germany's largest Multi-Biometric supplier: The company's ... Systems) ... largest Multi-Biometric supplier: The company's Fingerprint Identification System is part of an ...
(Date:11/22/2016)... 22, 2016   MedNet Solutions , an innovative ... of clinical research, is pleased to announce that the ... and Life Sciences Awards as "Most Outstanding in ... unprecedented year of recognition and growth for MedNet, which ... years. iMedNet ™ , MedNet,s ...
(Date:11/17/2016)... 17, 2016  AIC announces that it has just released a new white paper ... high-performance scale-out plus high speed data transfer storage solutions. Photo - ... ... ... Setting up a high performance computing or HPC ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... and -operated small businesses in federally funded research and development is welcome news ... for optics and photonics . , As part of the National Defense Authorization ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... SAN DIEGO , Dec. 3, 2016  In ... Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and Exposition in ... advanced biomedical engineering methods to improve the delivery of ... conditions. These new methods are designed to carry therapies ... are needed most, which could provide a substantial advantage ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... In anticipation of AxioMed’s exclusive cleanroom manufacturing ... President, Jake Lubinski will be traveling to Switzerland from December 5-10. Mr. Lubinski ... and Zurich to discuss the benefits of a viscoelastic disc. AxioMed received CE ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... -- The Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF) today announced that ... —the largest and most comprehensive study driving new genomic ... presented at the 58 th American Society of ... San Diego from December 3-6. The new ... as identify pathways and targets for new drug development. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: