Navigation Links
Gestational diabetes and low socioeconomic status raise risk of ADHD in children
Date:1/2/2012

In the first study of its kind, researchers at Queens College and Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that low socioeconomic status (SES) and maternal gestational diabetes together may cause a 14-fold increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in six year olds. The data are published in the January issue of the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Led by Jeffrey M. Halperin, PhD, Distinguished Professor of Psychology at Queens College and Professorial Lecturer in Psychiatry at Mount Sinai, and Yoko Nomura, PhD, Assistant Professor of Psychology at Queens College and Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Mount Sinai, the research team evaluated 212 children at age three or four and again at age six. They compared 115 children who had low SES, maternal gestational diabetes, or both, to 97 children who had neither, evaluating members of the control group at age three or four then again at age six. The team found that while maternal gestational diabetes and low SES increased the risk for the child to develop ADHD, the risk increased exponentially when the two factors were taken together.

"To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate how prenatal exposure to gestational diabetes and low socioeconomic status together contribute to the development of ADHD," said lead author Dr. Nomura. "The results show these children are at far greater risk for developing ADHD or showing signs of impaired neurocognitive and behavioral development."

At preschool age, children were assessed using a standard ADHD rating scale, a survey that was completed by their parents and teachers, and through one-on-one semi-structured interviews. Additional measurements included tests of neuropsychological functioning, IQ scores, and child temperament. The researchers determined history of gestational diabetes through one-on-one interviews with the mothers of the participants. Socioeconomic status was evaluated with a widely used measuring tool called the Socioeconomic Prestige Index.

At age six, the children were evaluated again using behavioral and emotional clinical scales, along with neuropsychological tests, to measure several functions, including hyperactivity, aggression, anxiety, and attention. Independently, gestational diabetes or low SES doubled the risk for ADHD. Collectively, the risk increased 14-fold.

Since ADHD is a disorder with high heritability, the authors conclude that clinicians should make stronger efforts to help families take steps to prevent the nongenetic factors that contribute to its development. Nutrition and psychosocial counseling may help modify the risk, during pregnancy and in early childhood.

"Physicians and health care professionals need to educate their patients who have a family history of diabetes and who come from lower income households on the risk for developing ADHD," said Dr. Halperin. "Even more important is the need for obstetricians, pediatricians, and internists to work together to identify these risks."


'/>"/>

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
christie.corbett@mountsinai.org
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Severe gestational hypertension may protect against testicular cancer
2. Treating even mild gestational diabetes reduces birth complications
3. Sugary cola drinks linked for first time to higher risk of gestational diabetes
4. Prepregnancy, obesity and gestational weight gain influence risk of preterm birth
5. Twice as many women to be diagnosed with gestational diabetes
6. Gestational diabetes linked to serotonin and dietary protein
7. A bittersweet warning for women with gestational diabetes
8. JDRF funded study links hygiene hypothesis to diabetes prevention
9. Researchers continue to find genes for type 1 diabetes
10. Scientists from Granada find a potential treatment to prevent diabetes and obesity
11. Diabetes researcher gets $5M boost
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017 The global ... landscape is marked by the presence of several large ... held by five major players - 3M Cogent, NEC ... accounted for nearly 61% of the global military biometric ... in the global military biometrics market boast global presence, ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... , April 11, 2017 Crossmatch®, a ... authentication solutions, today announced that it has been ... Research Projects Activity (IARPA) to develop next-generation Presentation ... "Innovation has been a driving force ... program will allow us to innovate and develop ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... Allen Institute for Cell Science today announces the launch ... dynamic digital window into the human cell. The website ... deep learning to create predictive models of cell organization, ... suite of powerful tools. The Allen Cell Explorer will ... resources created and shared by the Allen Institute for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:7/17/2017)... ... July 17, 2017 , ... The Academy of Model ... of National Model Aviation Day will take place from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. ... include activities for all ages. , Aviation Adventure Day will be packed with entertaining ...
(Date:7/17/2017)... , ... July 17, 2017 , ... ... and analytical instruments announced the launch of its new line of Heavy-Duty Orbital ... shaker models (both analog and digital) for laboratory applications. These shakers are ...
(Date:7/17/2017)... , ... July 17, 2017 , ... ... Weihong Hsing, Ph.D. , recently participated in the BiG (Biomedical Innovation Group) annual ... dominated by discussions of CAR-T (chimeric antigen receptor T-cell) therapy, a rapidly developing ...
(Date:7/17/2017)... ... 2017 , ... DuPont Pioneer today announced the launch of ... dedicated to connecting third-party innovators with DuPont Pioneer scientists is now available and ... and digital solutions. , “DuPont Pioneer is building on its long history of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: