Navigation Links
Genomics of wood for biofuels production investigated
Date:11/7/2011

A team of Virginia Tech researchers is working to characterize the genes involved in wood formation in poplar trees with the goal of improving the quality and quantity of wood as a feedstock for biofuels production.

"This type of genomics research is an important complement to the work of other biofuels researchers who develop better and more efficient ways to process woody biomass for biofuels," said Eric Beers, professor of horticulture and the lead investigator on the project. "The ultimate goal is to help develop renewable energy and advanced biofuels to provide a more secure future for domestic energy needs and develop new opportunities for our agriculture industry."

According to Beers, the potential benefits of this research include decreasing oil imports, reducing the use of food crops for ethanol production, and increasing options for American farmers. Because some cultivars of poplar are more tolerant of conditions such as drought and poor soils, they can be grown on marginal lands unsuitable for food crops, thereby avoiding competition with food production. Farmers will thus have the option to grow bioenergy crops in addition to other existing crop choices.

This work is funded by a $1.5 million grant received from the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Feedstocks Genomics for Bioenergy Program. Virginia Tech is one of 11 universities that have received funding to conduct research to accelerate bioenergy crop production and spur economic impact. Other plants being studied as possible sources of biofuels or as model organisms to advance the field of biofuels production are switchgrass, Miscanthus, sugarcane, sorghum, and Brachypodium.

This work is a continuation of work begun in 2007 that identified, cloned, and sequenced approximately 400 genes that are associated with wood formation in poplar. These wood-associated genes serve as the foundational resource for the current project, and several have been the subjects of detailed functional analysis during the previous funding period.

Amy Brunner, associate professor of forest research and environmental conservation; Richard Helm, associate professor of biochemistry; and Allan Dickerman, assistant professor at the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute; are co-investigators on the project.

Over the next three years, researchers will identify the key interactions among hundreds of proteins associated with wood formation in poplar. These findings will form the basis for the creation of transgenic poplar plants. The transgenic poplars will be designed to produce higher or lower levels of selected interacting proteins. Chemical, physiological, and molecular analysis of the transgenic trees will be performed to learn more about the basic biology of wood formation and to determine whether such genetic modifications can increase the value of poplar as a biofuels feedstock.


'/>"/>
Contact: Laura Neff-Henderson
lauranh@vt.edu
540-231-5349
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Rosetta Genomics Initiates Closing of Private Placement
2. Genomatix to partner in $41 million European epigenomics consortium
3. Eurofins MWG Operon and Integrated Genomics cooperate to provide complete genome projects
4. Eurofins MWG Operon and Integrated Genomics cooperate to provide complete genomics projects
5. Scripps and Complete Genomics to collaborate on genetic research study on healthy aging
6. Vanderbilt ethicist to study return of results issue involving children in genomics studies
7. International pharmacogenomics conference to focus on better drug treatment based on genetics
8. Hong Kong University leads the genomics research of scarlet fever pathogen
9. Genomics and social network analysis team up to solve disease outbreaks
10. OGI genomics researchers awarded $23 million
11. Dr. Daniel Von Hoff presented with top genomics award from Scripps
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Genomics of wood for biofuels production investigated
(Date:1/11/2017)... Intoxalock, a leading ignition interlock provider, has ... patent-pending calibration device. With this new technology, Intoxalock is ... data logs and process repairs at service center locations, ... drunk driving through the application of cutting-edge technologies is ... also for the customer who can get back on ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... -- Delta ID Inc., a leader in consumer-grade iris scanning ... CESĀ® 2017. Delta ID has collaborated with Gentex Corporation ... of iris scanning as a secure, reliable and convenient ... car, and as a way to elevate the security ... ID and Gentex will demonstrate (booth #7326 LVCC) a ...
(Date:12/22/2016)... Dec. 20, 2016  As part of its longstanding mission ... personal genetics company, recently released its latest children,s book, titled ... book focuses on the topics of inheritance and variation of ... (NGSS) taught in elementary school classrooms in the US. ... by illustrator Ariana Killoran , whose previous book with ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... Ginkgo Bioworks, the organism company, announced ... the synthesis and assembly of DNA. The acquisition ... synthetic DNA into Ginkgo,s automated organism engineering foundries, ... of new organism designs for application across a ... founded to significantly increase the world,s capacity to ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Cancer ... Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2014-2022" report to their offering. ... Cancer Biomarkers ... $15,737 million by 2022 from $6,521 in 2015, growing at a ... technologies segment accounted for more than half of the revenue share ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... /PRNewswire -- WuXi AppTec, a leading global pharmaceutical, ... platform, today announced that it has acquired HD ... discovery contract research organization (CRO). After completion of ... of WuXi, and will continue to focus on ... The acquisition will further strengthen WuXi,s R&D capability ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... November Research Group, LLC, ... and medical device manufacturers and regulators, is proud to announce the worldwide release ... client designed to provide product vigilance departments with the flexibility and ease of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: