Navigation Links
Genome sequencing of fungus with biotechnological applications
Date:2/27/2009

us to do this; but it is reading them, deciphering what they are saying, identifying the genes and finding out how they work.

Fungi with white rot, fungi with brown rot

Trees are rich in cellulose and the sugar that forms part of the tree is mainly found in this polymer. However, unlike what happens with grapes the sugar of which is easily useable with yeast to produce alcohol , obtaining glucose (and alcohol) from a tree is not so easy.

There are two ways to degrade wood, pointed out Mr Pisabarro: there are timbers which, on rotting, go white as a result of fungi; there are others which go brown, and this is produced by another type of fungus, such as P. placenta. The novelty with this fungus is how it intervenes in the degradation of the wood, its capacity to eat the cellulose without damaging lignin, the substance protecting the tree's cellulose. When we observe a tree, despite the fact that the cellulose making it up is mostly white, what we see is not white but brown. This is due to the layer of lignin protecting it and which gives it its woody appearance.

This substance, lignin, protects the cellulose of the tree from attack by other organisms and the tree loses consistence, it rots and is broken down by other organisms; but it also makes it more difficult for us to obtain the sugar to produce alcohol. So, what we have to do is to break up the lignin layer. The fungi which eat (degrade or break up) the lignin leave the cellulose open to view and the tree rots with a coating of white rot. Fungi like P. placenta, nevertheless, are capable of eating the cellulose without damaging the lignin and, in fact, the trees affected by this fungus, on rotting, end up with a brownish colour. Our goal is to find out the modus operandi of these fungi how they manage to get the cellulose and, in this way, recover the greatest quantity of glucose from the wood in order to use it to produce alcohol.

Apart from the ap
'/>"/>

Contact: Irati Kortabitarte
iratik@elhuyar.com
34-943-363-040
Elhuyar Fundazioa
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Unravelling new complexity in the genome
2. Conquest of land began in shark genome
3. One species entire genome discovered inside anothers
4. Genome study shines light on genetic link to height
5. First individual genome sequence published
6. Ultraconserved elements in the genome: Are they indispensable?
7. $10 million gift to support cutting-edge epigenome center at USC
8. Fungus genome yielding answers to protect grains, people and animals
9. Which came first, the chicken genome or the egg genome?
10. Researchers expand efforts to explore functional landscape of the human genome
11. Genome update defines landscape of breast and colon cancers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/29/2014)... recover from the debilitating effects of a stroke ... knowledge of neurophysiology as well as effective therapy. ... outcomes has been the primary focus of research ... since he joined the NJIT faculty more than ... is underscored by substantial funding from sources such ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... Aarhus University researchers have developed an easier method ... strengthen the work involved in diagnosing diseases. , ... provides a strong partnership that can be used ... conjugates which tag proteins with DNA ... sensitive detection and visualisation of biological material. The ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... PARIS, 29 JULY 2014 With thirty days to ... for the FEBS-EMBO 2014 Conference are well underway. The ... Biochemical Societies (FEBS), EMBO, and the French Society for ... Saturday, 30 August to Thursday, 4 September at the ... 2014 Conference is the largest meeting for the life ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Continuing the quest for better stroke therapies 2Continuing the quest for better stroke therapies 3New method provides researchers with efficient tool for tagging proteins 2Counting down to FEBS-EMBO 2014 in Paris, France 2
... The University of Houston department of health and human ... Life (SL) thanks to grants from the UH Faculty ... of the University of Southern California-Annenberg School for Communication. ... ground in Second Life for the benefit of our ...
... The life expectancy for patients with human immunodeficiency ... since the late 1990s thanks to advancements in antiretroviral ... at Birmingham (UAB) and Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, ... nearly 40 percent drop in AIDS deaths among 43,355 ...
... on the brain" must have shunts implanted to drain the ... While shunts do their job well, the rate of ... of reasons, which requires putting the child through another surgery ... potential additional neurological complications and an increased risk of death. ...
Cached Biology News:Second Life a first for UH department of health and human performance 2Anti-HIV therapy boosts life expectancy more than 13 years 2Antimicrobial sutures reduce infections in brain shunt surgery, study finds 2
(Date:7/29/2014)... Cheshire Cat: Can a particle be separated from its ... Communications , published the results of the first Cheshire ... conducted by Chapman University in Orange, CA, and Vienna ... a cat without a grin," thought Alice in Wonderland, ... curious thing I ever saw in my life!" Alice,s ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... , July 29, 2014  The Society ... new and updated program for the 9 th ... 12, 2014 in Amelia Island , Florida.  ... and investigators remains unchanged, however, the topics and ... and networking opportunity among all stakeholders with a ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... , July 29, 2014 ... Scanners (Whole Slide Imaging), Analytics (Image Analysis Software), Delivery ... - Global Forecasts & Trends to 2018", published by ... restraints in geographies such as North America ... Asia , and the Rest of the World ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... , July 29, 2014 ... surgical equipment market (types, applications and geography) - Size, ... Report, Opportunities, Segmentation and Forecast, 2013 - 2020", suggests ... reach $12.1 billion by 2020 registering a CAGR of ... the breakthrough achieved by the electro surgical devices in ...
Breaking Biology Technology:The quantum Cheshire cat: Scientists separate a particle from its properties 2The quantum Cheshire cat: Scientists separate a particle from its properties 3The quantum Cheshire cat: Scientists separate a particle from its properties 4TransCelerate, Lilly, Pfizer, and FDA Highlight Collaborative Program at the Site Solutions Summit 2TransCelerate, Lilly, Pfizer, and FDA Highlight Collaborative Program at the Site Solutions Summit 3Digital Pathology Market worth $437 Million by 2018 2Digital Pathology Market worth $437 Million by 2018 3Global Surgical Equipment Market is expected to reach $12.1 billion by 2020 - Allied Market Research 2Global Surgical Equipment Market is expected to reach $12.1 billion by 2020 - Allied Market Research 3
... , ... • chemiluminescence , , ... enzymes exist, their activities having wide-ranging regulatory responses. Many kinases ... as inflammation and cancer, so identifying modulators of kinase and ...
... , , , ... Hancock, Elaine Adie, Molly Price-Jones, Stephen Game & Stuart Swinburne , ... Biosciences UK Limited, Amersham Place, Little Chalfont, Buckinghamshire HP7 9NA England, ... , As high throughput imaging systems, analysis ...
... , ... The Maynard Centre, Cardiff, UK , ... and the development of high-throughput image analysis platforms such as the IN ... we describe the application of two stable cell lines expressing green fluorescent ...
Cached Biology Technology:Performance of the AMARA HitHunter Chemiluminescence Kinase Assay with the LEADseeker Multimodality Imaging System 2Performance of the AMARA HitHunter Chemiluminescence Kinase Assay with the LEADseeker Multimodality Imaging System 3Performance of the AMARA HitHunter Chemiluminescence Kinase Assay with the LEADseeker Multimodality Imaging System 4Is Z' factor the best assessment for the quality of cellular assays delivering higher content? 2Is Z' factor the best assessment for the quality of cellular assays delivering higher content? 3Is Z' factor the best assessment for the quality of cellular assays delivering higher content? 4siRNA screening of the cell cycle with two dynamic GFP sensors (from Discovery Matters Issue 1, July 2005) 2siRNA screening of the cell cycle with two dynamic GFP sensors (from Discovery Matters Issue 1, July 2005) 3siRNA screening of the cell cycle with two dynamic GFP sensors (from Discovery Matters Issue 1, July 2005) 4siRNA screening of the cell cycle with two dynamic GFP sensors (from Discovery Matters Issue 1, July 2005) 5siRNA screening of the cell cycle with two dynamic GFP sensors (from Discovery Matters Issue 1, July 2005) 6siRNA screening of the cell cycle with two dynamic GFP sensors (from Discovery Matters Issue 1, July 2005) 7
... includes 1. Scanning of gel(s) 2. ... tryptic in-gel digestion and peptide extraction ... 5. Acquisition of PMF (Peptide Mass ... TOF/TOF) 6. Acquisition of PFF (Peptide ...
... Nucleic acid hybridization Preparation ... mg BSA, 50 mg ficoll ... with 5 ml of water ... for molecular biology Density: 1.00 ...
... ImageXpress 5000A automated cellular imaging and analysis ... system designed specifically for rapid acquisition and ... cell-based screening. ImageXpress is fast. Scanning ... (1280 x 1024 pixels), with two fluorescence ...
... Antibody Capture Kit eliminates ... optimization steps typically required ... This kit enables the ... multiple antigens based on ...
Biology Products: