Navigation Links
Genome of a heat and drought resistant cereal plant analyzed
Date:1/30/2009

r, sorghum, unlike many other crop plants, has not undergone genome enlargement in the past millions of years. Its rather small genome about one-fourth as large as the human genome is a good starting point for investigating the more complex genomes of important crop plants such as maize or sugarcane, especially since sorghum - like these two plants is a "C4 plant".

Due to biochemical and morphological specialization, such plants use a special kind of photosynthesis (in which first a molecule with four carbon atoms is formed, thus the name). They can assimilate carbon at higher temperatures and more efficiently than "C3 plants" and are especially suitable for the production of biomass for energy. Sorghum is the first cereal plant with C4 photosynthesis whose genome has been completely sequenced. The analysis of its functional genomics provides new insights into the molecular differences between C3 and C4 plants.

Furthermore, the comparison with the C3 plant rice - likewise completely sequenced gives us information about how these cereals became more divergent in the course of evolution.The data of the Munich scientists also allow a comparative analysis of sorghum, rice and maize. This analysis yields information about the evolution of the genome size, distribution and amplification of genes or recombination processes.

Last but not least, the researchers have validated a method in their study - whole genome shotgun sequencing which is an especially fast and inexpensive method of sequencing complete chromosomes and genomes. In this method, the DNA is copied multiple times and then shredded into many small fragments by squeezing the DNA through a pressurized syringe. Finally the fragments are sequenced from both ends ans subsequentially the millions of small DNA fragments are assembled by elaborate computational methods into complete chromosomes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Sven Winkler
sven.winkler@helmholtz-muenchen.de
0049-893-187-3946
Helmholtz Zentrum Mnchen - German Research Center for Environmental Health
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Genome sequence shows sorghums immense potential
2. Sequencing of sorghum genome completed
3. New computational technique allows comparison of whole genomes as easily as whole books
4. Genome Medicine: Bridging the gap between research and clinical practice
5. Gene switch sites found mainly on shores, not just islands of the human genome
6. In lung cancer, silencing one crucial gene disrupts normal functioning of genome
7. Breast cancer genome shows evolution, instability of cancer
8. DOE Joint Genome Institute completes soybean genome
9. Research consortium to sequence turkey genome
10. Washington University scientists first to sequence genome of cancer patient
11. Diatom genome helps explain success in trapping excess carbon in oceans
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/12/2015)... CORAL SPRINGS, Florida , August 12, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... globally, the pace of mobile payment innovation and advanced ... continues to replace the way consumers rely on using ... forges ahead with reinventing the future for payment services ... Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ), :  Google, Inc. (NASDAQ: ...
(Date:8/10/2015)... , August 10, 2015 The ... offers comprehensive analysis of the global border security ... generate revenues of $16.4bn in 2015. Now: Border ... is an example of the business critical issue you need ... read visiongain ,s objective analysis of how this will ...
(Date:8/5/2015)... New York , August 5, 2015 ... market report titled "Facial Recognition Market - Global Industry ... 2022", the global market for facial recognition is forecast ... is driven by increased demand for surveillance systems by ... the rising number of crimes and terrorist activities across ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 2Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 3Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 4Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 5Digital Wallet Devices & Mobile Payment Management Services Gain a Distinct Advantage in the Digital Payment Evolution as Demand Continues to Grow 6Border Security Market Report 2015-2025 - Growth in Biometrics, ICT, Manned and Unmanned Vehicles, and Perimeter Surveillance 2Border Security Market Report 2015-2025 - Growth in Biometrics, ICT, Manned and Unmanned Vehicles, and Perimeter Surveillance 3Border Security Market Report 2015-2025 - Growth in Biometrics, ICT, Manned and Unmanned Vehicles, and Perimeter Surveillance 4Border Security Market Report 2015-2025 - Growth in Biometrics, ICT, Manned and Unmanned Vehicles, and Perimeter Surveillance 5Border Security Market Report 2015-2025 - Growth in Biometrics, ICT, Manned and Unmanned Vehicles, and Perimeter Surveillance 6Border Security Market Report 2015-2025 - Growth in Biometrics, ICT, Manned and Unmanned Vehicles, and Perimeter Surveillance 7Border Security Market Report 2015-2025 - Growth in Biometrics, ICT, Manned and Unmanned Vehicles, and Perimeter Surveillance 8Border Security Market Report 2015-2025 - Growth in Biometrics, ICT, Manned and Unmanned Vehicles, and Perimeter Surveillance 9Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 2Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 3Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 4Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 5Facial Recognition Market Expected to Reach US$ 2.67 Bn by 2022, at a CAGR of 9.5% From 2015 - 2022: Transparency Market Research 6
... its altitude, ozone can be either friend or foe. ... scientists will now have a better understanding of ozone, its origin ... polluting our atmosphere. Ozone is a colourless, toxic gas named ... In the stratosphere, acting as friend, ...
... wildflower, grows from the Mississippi River to Arizona and ... plant can be seen covering large areas of plains, ... Working to create a new drought-resistant and water-saving ... and Soil Science have introduced ,Raider Amethyst, a new ...
... a page from Nature herself, a team of researchers ... from the atmosphere and place it in the Earth,s ... the new technology does not make the oceans more ... process is a manipulation of the natural weathering of ...
Cached Biology News:Ozone intrusions -- humankind's fault? 2Scientists enhance Mother Nature's carbon handling mechanism 2
(Date:8/31/2015)... Israel , Aug. 31, 2015 ... Dario™ Diabetes Management Solution, today announced it recently ... million. Funds will be used to support the ... the Dario, a mobile, cloud-based, diabetes management solution ... stylish, ,all-in-one, pocket-sized, blood glucose monitoring device, and ...
(Date:8/31/2015)... ... August 31, 2015 , ... The Food Processing Suppliers ... beverage processors, equipment manufacturers and leaders in the field of academia. , ... formulation for manufacturers of bakery and snacks; beverages; dairy; meat, poultry and seafood; ...
(Date:8/30/2015)... CHERTSEY , England , August ... Kampagne beendet die 51-jährige Wartezeit   einer Frau   ... und Frauen im Alter von 7-90   ... Programm soll 1200 Frauen behandeln und ...     , Astellas gab heute ...
(Date:8/28/2015)... ... August 28, 2015 , ... ... two studies at the International Spine Intervention Society’ s 23rd Annual ... to August 1st, 2015. With a focus on evidence-based research and clinical application, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:LabStyle Innovations Closes $2.5 Million Funding to Support Global Rollout of Dario Diabetes Management Solution 2LabStyle Innovations Closes $2.5 Million Funding to Support Global Rollout of Dario Diabetes Management Solution 3LabStyle Innovations Closes $2.5 Million Funding to Support Global Rollout of Dario Diabetes Management Solution 4METTLER TOLEDO Hosts Food Safety Educational Center at 2015 PROCESS EXPO 2Über 550 Frauen, deren Leben durch "Action on Fistula" transformiert wurde 2Über 550 Frauen, deren Leben durch "Action on Fistula" transformiert wurde 3Über 550 Frauen, deren Leben durch "Action on Fistula" transformiert wurde 4Über 550 Frauen, deren Leben durch "Action on Fistula" transformiert wurde 5Proove Biosciences Presents New Research Study at the International Spine Intervention Society’s Annual Scientific Meeting 2Proove Biosciences Presents New Research Study at the International Spine Intervention Society’s Annual Scientific Meeting 3Proove Biosciences Presents New Research Study at the International Spine Intervention Society’s Annual Scientific Meeting 4
... Pharmaceuticals,Inc. (NYSE: BRL ) today announced ... filed suit against Watson Pharmaceuticals (NYSE:,WPI) and ... of the,patent protecting Duramed,s SEASONIQUE(R) extended-cycle oral ... is due to expire on,January 30, 2024. ...
... Inc., a leader in in,vivo cellular imaging, announced ... Cellvizio(R) GI technology will be conducted March 10,2008, ... Eighth,Annual Gastroenterology and Hepatology Viva La Vida Conference., ... Paris-based Mauna Kea,Technologies and develops and markets Cellvizio, ...
... NEW YORK, March 5 Bristol-Myers Squibb,Company ... company,s Board of Directors,has elected Jean-Marc Huet senior ... 2008. In this role, Mr. Huet will be,responsible ... as,well as the global financial operations of the ...
Cached Biology Technology:Barr Subsidiary Sues Watson for SEASONIQUE(R) Patent Infringement 2Barr Subsidiary Sues Watson for SEASONIQUE(R) Patent Infringement 3Barr Subsidiary Sues Watson for SEASONIQUE(R) Patent Infringement 4First Live U.S. Demonstration of Cellvizio GI In Vivo Cellular Imaging Technology to Occur at Johns Hopkins Conference 2Bristol-Myers Squibb Board Elects Jean-Marc Huet Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer 2Bristol-Myers Squibb Board Elects Jean-Marc Huet Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer 3
... Hitachi Innovative Linear Ion Trap Time of Flight Mass Analyzer for ... mode measurement range: 100 - 25,000 m/z, * Precursor ion selection ... over, * MS accuracy: 5 ppm with internal reference, * Dynamic ... ...
Four siRNAs targeting your gene of interest, providing gene silencing with 100% satisfaction guaranteed High knockdown potency , High specificity for minimal off-target effects , Flexible siR...
Mouse polyclonal antibody to BTAF1 - BTAF1 RNA polymerase II, B-TFIID transcription factor-associated, 170kDa (Mot1 homolog, S. cerevisiae)...
... series combines Harvard Apparatuss best pump mechanism, a ... range of configuration options. A lookup table in ... from all the major manufacturers. A bright, two ... information from across the lab. All models have ...
Biology Products: