Navigation Links
Genes behind obesity mapped in large-scale study
Date:4/7/2013

An international research team has identified seven new gene loci linked to obesity. Researchers were also able to show that the genetic mechanisms that cause extreme obesity are similar to those that cause milder forms of overweight and obesity.

A total of more than 260,000 people were included in the study of the links between genes and obesity, which will be published in the latest issue of Nature Genetics. The aim of the study was to identify new genes that increase the risk of obesity, but also to compare genetic factors that cause extreme obesity with those that are linked to rest of the BMI range.

"We know from experience that genetic factors are important for the emergence of both milder and more extreme forms of obesity, but how much overlap there is between genes that are involved in extreme obesity and normal or slightly elevated BMI has not been examined systematically previously," says Erik Ingelsson, Professor at the Department of Medical Sciences and Science for Life Laboratory, Uppsala University, who coordinated the study.

The researchers studied gene variants, or positions in the genetic code that differ between individuals. Many million such commonly occurring inherited differences are scattered throughout the genome. In the recently published study, researchers identified loci (regions of the genome) that are linked to obesity through examining the relationship between different body measurements and 2.8 million gene variants in 168,267 participants.

They then carried out a targeted follow-up of the 273 gene variants with the strongest link to various body measurements in another 109,703 people. Through this extensive gene mapping they were able to confirm the majority of the gene loci which were already linked to various body measurements, as well as identifying four new gene loci linked to height, and seven loci linked to overweight and obesity. They could also demonstrate a great overlap of genetic structure and distribution of gene variants between extreme forms of obesity and milder forms.

"This knowledge is important because it increases the biological understanding of the origins of extreme obesity as well as milder forms of obesity. Our results suggest that extremely obese individuals have a greater number of gene variants that increase the risk of obesity, rather than completely different genes being involved. In the long term, our findings may lead to new ways of preventing and treating obesity, which is one of the greatest global public health problems of our age," says Erik Ingelsson.

The study is also important because it indicates that conclusions from genetic studies of the most extreme cases of a certain characteristic, such as extreme obesity, may be generalized to the rest of the population. This is important knowledge for the design of future studies.

The present study was carried out within the framework of the research consortium GIANT (Genetic Investigation of ANthropometrical Traits) which has gathered over one hundred partial studies and more than 300 co-authors. The study was coordinated by Erik Ingelsson, who is one of the leaders of the consortium, together with researchers from several leading research institutes in the United Kingdom and the United States.


'/>"/>

Contact: Erik Ingelsson
erik.ingelsson@medsci.uu.se
46-707-569-422
Uppsala University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Finding genes for childhood obesity
2. New insights into how genes turn on and off
3. Appetite genes are key to better diets for poultry, study shows
4. Genes may be reason some kids are picky about food
5. Researchers create map of shortcuts between all human genes
6. Sleator lab identifies single point mutation in Listeria monocytogenes
7. March of Dimes awards $250,000 to researcher who identified heart disease genes
8. 2 new genes linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and related disorders
9. Scientists find surprising new influence on cancer genes
10. MBL scientists find genes linked to human neurological disorders in sea lamprey genome
11. Schizophrenia genes increase chance of IQ loss
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/26/2016)... Research and Markets has announced ... 2016-2020"  report to their offering.  , ,     (Logo: ... analysts forecast the global multimodal biometrics market to ... period 2016-2020.  Multimodal biometrics is being ... the healthcare, BFSI, transportation, automotive, and government for ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... , April 14, 2016 ... Malware Detection, today announced the appointment of Eyal ... new role. Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes at ... heels of the deployment of its platform at several ... biometric technology, which discerns unique cognitive and physiological factors, ...
(Date:3/29/2016)... , March 29, 2016 LegacyXChange, ... LegacyXChange "LEGX" and SelectaDNA/CSI Protect are pleased to announce ... used in a variety of writing instruments, ensuring athletes ... originally created collectibles from athletes on LegacyXChange will be ... of the DNA. Bill Bollander , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... CLEVELAND , June 27, 2016  Global ... average 4.6 percent through 2020 to $7.2 billion.  ... (food and beverages, cleaning products, biofuel production, animal ... and biotechnology, diagnostics, and biocatalysts). Food and beverages ... gains driven by increasing consumption of products containing ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... Cancer experts from Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, ... a new and helpful biomarker for malignant pleural mesothelioma. Surviving Mesothelioma has just ... now. , Biomarkers are components in the blood, tissue or body fluids ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... Hill, N.C. (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 ... ... U.S. commercial operations for Amgen, will join the faculty of the University ... serve as adjunct professor of strategy and entrepreneurship at UNC Kenan-Flagler, with a ...
(Date:6/24/2016)...  Regular discussions on a range of subjects including policies, ... entities said Poloz. Speaking at a lecture to ... he pointed to the country,s inflation target, which is set ... "In certain areas there needs ... economic goals, why not sit down and address strategy together?" ...
Breaking Biology Technology: