Navigation Links
Gene against bacterial attack unravelled
Date:10/28/2008

Humans have an innate defence system against deadly bacteria. However, how the step from gene to anti-bacterial effect occurs in the body is not yet known. To date, B. Pseudomallei, a bacterium suitable for bioweapons, had managed to elude medics. It can remain hidden in the human body for many years without being detected by the immune system. The bacteria can suddenly become activated and spread throughout the body, resulting in the patient dying from blood poisoning. AMC physician Joost Wiersinga and the Laboratory for Experimental Internal Medicine discovered which gene-protein combination renders the lethal bacteria B. pseudomallei harmless.

Immune system fooled

Wiersinga focussed on the so-called Toll-like receptors. These are the proteins that initiate the fight against pathogens. There are currently ten known Toll-like receptors which are located on the outside of immune cells, our body's defence system. The toll-like receptors jointly function as a 10-figure alarm code. Upon coming into contact with the immune cell each bacterium enters its own Toll code. For known pathogens this sets off an alarm in the immune system and the defence mechanism is activated. Yet B. pseudomallei fools the system by entering the code of a harmless bacterium. As a result the body's defence system remains on standby.

Yet some people are resistant: they become infected but not ill. Wiersinga found a genetic cause for this resistance. He discovered which toll receptor can fend off B. pseudomallei. He did this by rearing mice DNA in which the gene for Toll2 production was switched on and off. 'The group where the gene for Toll2 was switched off, survived the bacterial infection', says Wiersinga. 'The other receptor that we investigated, Toll4, had no effect - even though for the past ten years medics had regarded this as the most important receptor.' The ultimate aim of this study is to develop a vaccine.


'/>"/>

Contact: Joost Wiersinga
w.j.wiersinga@amc.uva.nl
31-205-669-111
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Cells united against cancer
2. Progress Against Malaria: Developments on the Horizon
3. Genes that both extend life and protect against cancer identified
4. Gamma interferon could aid fight against fungal infections
5. In the laboratory, green tea proves a powerful medicine against severe sepsis
6. Omega-3 fatty acids protect against Parkinsons, study says
7. Protein protects brain against compound in lead poisoning, liver disease
8. Blood pressure drug telmisartan shows powerful activity against stroke
9. CWRU School of Medicine has evidence vaccine against malaria will reduce disease
10. A search for protection against chemotherapy cardiotoxicity
11. Translational research patented first experimental treatment against idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/18/2016)... --> --> Competitive Landscape Analysis ... Physical infrastructure and Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems ... and the continuing migration crisis in the Middle ... led visiongain to publish this unique report, which is crucial ... & security companies in the border security market and the ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... , March 15, 2016 --> ... published by Transparency Market Research "Digital Door Lock Systems Market ... 2015 - 2023," the global digital door lock systems market ... in 2014 and is forecast to grow at a CAGR ... micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) across the world and ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), a company ... of a new series of commercials on Time Warner Cable ... .  The commercials will air on Bloomberg TV, Fox Business ... show. --> NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), ... the airing of a new series of commercials on Time ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... and traumatic injuries, will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) ... of wound healing and tissue regeneration. , The novel method, developed by WPI ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... Antonio, Texas (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 , ... The need for blood donations ... released this week by the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, blood donations are on ... than 30 years, and they are down 21 percent in South Texas in the last ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... LONDON , May 23, 2016 ... Efficiency by 40% - Frontage Implement a Single Platform ... Quality, Compliance and Traceability Within the Bioanalytical lab Frontage ... the United States and China ... across its laboratory facilities. In addition to serving as the global ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... , ... May 20, 2016 , ... The leading Regenerative ... its most experienced veterinary clients have treated over 100 of their own patients with ... to provide the highest level of care for their patients. , The veterinarians ...
Breaking Biology Technology: