Navigation Links
Gasification method turns forest residues to biofuel with less than a euro per liter

According to the new research results of the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, lignocellulosic biomass can be used in the production of high-quality biofuels for the price of less than one euro per litre. A new technology developed in Finland allows the transfer of more than half the energy of wood raw materials to the end-product. The technology is considered ready for the construction of a commercial-scale production plant in Europe.

VTT has assessed the techno-economics of the production of renewable liquid transportation fuels from forest residues. The case studies focused on the production of four biofuels using a method based on pressurised fluidised-bed gasification. The fuels studied were methanol, dimethyl ether (DME), Fischer-Tropsch liquids and synthetic gasoline.

The results show that the production of renewable biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass, mainly bark and forestry residues, could achieve an energy efficiency of 50%, depending on the end-product and process conditions. Should the thermal energy produced as a by-product be exploited for district heat or industrial steam, for example, the overall efficiency from biomass to saleable energy products could reach 74%.

Based on the case studies, the research scientists estimated that once commercialised the technology can be used to produce liquid transportation fuel at the cost of 58 /MWh. Converted into gasoline-equivalent price per litre, the estimated production cost would be 0.5.7 /litre. The price of renewable solutions would thus be on a level with the current pre-tax price of fossil transportation fuels, and cheaper than existing imported biofuels.

Each case study design was based on a BTL plant with 300 MW capacity, the equivalent of a large district heating power plant. A biorefinery of this size could produce liquid transportation fuel for about 150 000 cars. The EU has set a target of 10% renewable energy content for the transportation sector by 2020. For Finland, the target is 20%.

After long-term development work, the technical functionality of the production process was verified through extensive testing at VTT test rigs as well as industrial piloting in Finland and in the US. The technology is now ready for its first commercial-scale demonstration. However, the first wave of these ground-breaking production plants requires significant public venture capital investment, for which planning has consequently been initiated at both Finnish and EU level.

According to the research results, the best efficiency and lowest production costs were achieved in the production of biomethanol. The risks related to the commercialisation of the synthesis technology were also estimated to be lower with the biomethanol production plant compared to the other options.

Methanol is an alcohol fuel that can be used in modern cars at maximum 3 vol-% content in combination with petrol or, as with ethanol, in high concentrations in FlexFuel cars designed for this purpose. Methanol can also be further converted to synthetic gasoline or used as renewable raw material in the manufacture of various chemicals and biomaterials.


Contact: Esa Kurkela
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

Related biology news :

1. Gasification method turns forest residues to biofuel with less than a euro per litre
2. Bioliq pilot plant: Successful operation of high-pressure entrained flow gasification
3. Too green to be true? Researchers develop highly effective method for converting CO2 into methanol
4. Testing method promising for spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis
5. Researchers develop a faster method to identify Salmonella strains
6. Research examines new methods for managing digestive health
7. New X-ray method shows how frog embryos could help thwart disease
8. Researchers reveal new more precise method of performing electroconvulsive therapy
9. Resistant starch content of potatoes varies significantly by preparation and service method
10. New research projects to enhance bioinformatics and computational biology tools and methodologies
11. Material screening method allows more precise control over stem cells
Post Your Comments:
(Date:9/29/2015)... excited to be named one of the first 100 IBM ... was recently made at an invite-only IBM Watson: Fueling ... , where iDAvatars presented a demo of its Intelligent ... is both an honor and a privilege to be one ... cognitive power of IBM Watson in our product, which empowers ...
(Date:9/28/2015)... -- According to a new market research ... & Others), Application (Access Control & Others), Industry (Travel ... Global - Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the Iris ... by 2020, at a CAGR of 23.40% between 2015 ... T ables and 66 Figures spread ...
(Date:9/24/2015)... Publiceringsförbud fram till: ... Kerv ( ), det Londonbaserade ... första kontaktlösa betalningsring på i ett ... för massproduktion via crowdfunding.       ... Kerv-bärare kan göra direkta kontaktlösa betalningar ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... AxioMx ... that it has received a Phase I Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) grant ... of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), will fund the development of a technique to ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... , October 13, 2015 ... and development company, has entered into a strategic relationship ... and Paris, France ... --> --> This collaborative arrangement gives ... respected scientific advisory team as well as long established ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... YORK , Oct. 13, 2015  According ... laboratory services will reach $102 billion by the ... part of the health industry, as it is ... a result of laboratory tests. In addition to ... performed to evaluate disease progression, monitor drug treatment ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... Exotic Automation ... handling solutions and components, is opening its latest Parker Store retail location in ... is Exotic’s second major expansion in Metropolitan Detroit in less than a year. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: