"Today's major problems of the coasts and the seas include overfishing, overfertilisation with nutrients and the discharge of toxic substances on top of this, there are the effects of climate change. However, we lack the scientific tools to precisely assess and predict parameters such as currents, water temperature or algae concentration", explains Prof Franciscus Colijn, head of the Institute for Coastal Research of the GKSS Geesthacht Research Centre.
"With the comprehensive data from COSYNA, we hope to better understand the development of the system of the coastal sea as a consequence of physical, ecological and biogeochemical processes in detail and thus allow its prediction", Colijn continues.
For the COSYNA measurement network, the Helmholtz Association is providing money in the amount of EUR 12 million. COSYNA is later to be extended to the Arctic Ocean. A national initiation workshop will be held on 15 January 2009 at the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) in Hamburg.
Observing, understanding, predicting
On the operation method of the researchers: The automated measurement systems used by the scientists, such as radar technology, measurement buoys or satellites observing the planet, establish, for instance, current conditions, salinity or oxygen levels, the temperature and motion of the sea or the concentration of algae.
This data is fed by the Geesthacht coastal researchers into complex simulation models, with the help of which the physical, ecological and biogeochemical condition of the North Sea can be derived in high temporal or spatial resolution. The first objectives of the model are short-term forecasts on the current conditions in the North Sea.
The complex COSYNA measurement and model system improves the understanding of the North Sea as a system and thus allows well-founded analyses of the risks and options of the current climate change and use of the North Sea.
This provides the foundations for managing the coasts. Specific future research questions might include: How do the intensity and distribution of the current and motion of the sea or salt and acid levels change in the short and long term? How does a temperature rise affect the ecosystem? What controls the occurrence of algae blooms or jellyfish swarms? What zones in the Wadden Sea must be protected as a priority in the event of oil spills?
COSYNA is being developed in close coordination and cooperation with the German Marine Research Consortium (KDM) and the relevant bodies of federal and state governments. In a first step, a feasibility study will show how COSYNA can be linked with observation systems of countries with a North Sea coast in the future.
|Contact: Prof. Franciscus Colijn|
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres