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GEOLOGY returns to Naica Cave, Mexico, and extends its reach to Mercury
Date:12/21/2012

sses change through time. Yet, the basic model's key predictions have never been tested rigorously using numerical dating methods that allow for quantification of changes in the pace at which sedimentary strata accumulate. This report, focused on the recent geological past (latest Quaternary), shows that direct dating of fossil shells provides direct quantitative estimates on the temporal resolution, frequency of bed-forming events and sedimentation rates at the level of individual strata. In addition, this dating effort confirms that the quality of fossil record is strongly influenced by glacio-eustatic sea-level changes. The extensive dating of shells from Po Plain sediments highlights the fact that the changes in sea level not only may produce distinct sequence stratigraphic architectures, but also affect the quality, quantity, and the temporal nature of paleontological and sedimentological records.


Very little water is necessary to make a dry solid silicate system wet

Ralf Milke et al., Institut fr Geologische Wissenschaften, Freie Universitt Berlin, Malteserstrasse 74-100, 12249 Berlin, Germany. Posted online 30 Nov. 2012; http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G33674.1.

The standard rim-forming mineral reaction olivine + quartz = orthopyroxene has been experimentally performed at very dry conditions, i.e., only 20 wt ppm of water present in the sample container as a fluid, and most "water" was hydrogen dissolved within the solid crystals. Reaction rates and resulting fabrics at olivine-quartz interfaces mimic reaction features previously known from water-rich conditions (tens of thousands ppm). This experiment by Ralf Milke and colleagues indicates that very small amounts of water (tens of ppm of the entire sample) are highly effective in facilitating mineral reactions where water acts as a catalyst and creates porosity that might start to migrate from the initial cent
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Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America
Source:Eurekalert

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