Navigation Links
Frontiers news briefs: May 23
Date:5/23/2013

Frontiers in Plant Science

Automated conserved noncoding sequence (CNS) discovery reveals differences in gene content and promoter evolution among grasses

Within the genome of each species, there are thousands of stretches of DNA that undergo little change in position and sequence over millions of years, but do not code for any proteins. Some of these evolutionarily stable sequences, so-called conserved noncoding sequences (CNSs), are known to regulate the expression of other genes or the condensation of chromosomes, but the function of many CNSs remains unknown. Michael Freeling and colleagues from Berkeley here present their new open-source program "CNS Discovery Pipeline 3.0" which has taken three programmers six years to develop and can automatically find CNSs in newly sequenced genomes. The authors show that the program gives highly accurate results in a short time, requiring only 30 minutes to find the same number of CNSs as two trained biologists could do in two years. By helping us to understand how key genes are regulated, the program's output can boost medicine and the breeding of new crops.

URL: http://www.frontiersin.org/Plant_Genetics_and_Genomics/10.3389/fpls.2013.00170/abstract

Source code for CNS Discovery Pipeline 3.0 at: https://github.com/gturco/find_cns

Instructions for installation at: https://github.com/gturco/find_cns/blob/master/INSTALL.rst

Researcher contact

Prof Michael Freeling
Department of Plant & Microbial Biology
University of California at Berkeley
Email: freeling@berkeley.edu


Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

Spatial learning of female mice: a role of the mineralocorticoid receptor during stress and the estrous cycle

In a stressful situation, rodents produce the stress hormone corticosterone. This helps the animal, because spatial learning is promoted when corticosterone binds to one of the stress hormone receptors (mineralocorticoid receptors) in the hippocampus, a region of the brain. Judith ter Horst and colleagues from Leiden University here show that female mice that lack the gene for the mineralocorticoid receptor in the forebrain have difficulty finding their way home through a maze, especially shortly before ovulation. The interaction between female sex hormones and stress hormones could result in worsening of spatial learning. There was also an interaction with stress: it was easier for mutant females to find their way home after they had been briefly and gently restrained, probably due to an increase in corticosterone levels in the blood. Ter Horst and colleagues conclude that mineralocorticoid receptors are necessary for efficient spatial learning by female mice.

URL: http://www.frontiersin.org/Behavioral_Neuroscience/10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00056/abstract

Researcher contact:

Dr Judith ter Horst
Division of Medical Pharmacology
Leiden Academic Center for Drug Research and Leiden University Medical Center
Leiden University
Tel: +31 205257719
Email: j.p.f.terhorst@uva.nl


Frontiers in Neuroscience

Abrupt changes in the patterns and complexity of anterior cingulate cortex activity

It simply feels good to regain your bearings after getting lost, especially when you are hungry and had been looking for a particular restaurant. Jeremy Seamans and colleagues from the University of British Columbia, Canada, here show that hungry rats experience a similar abrupt neural change when they stumble upon food in an unfamiliar environment. They recorded patterns of activity in the medial prefrontal cortex of the brain, an area implicated in the regulation of behavior and emotion. When the rats first realized that food had to begun to literally drop from above, their patterns of brain activity changed abruptly and dramatically from preceding patterns, characteristic of hungry rats that are busy exploring a new enclosure. Not only were the patterns completely different after finding the food, but they were also simpler. Seamans et al. conclude that whenever a critical goal is realized, the medial prefrontal cortex can change abruptly from a "search state", where many outcomes are possible, to a simpler "consumption state" that needs to consider fewer outcomes: principally, the outcome of digging into tasty food.

URL: http://www.frontiersin.org/Decision_Neuroscience/10.3389/fnins.2013.00074/abstract

Researcher contact

Prof Jeremy K. Seamans
Department of Psychiatry
Brain Research Centre
University of British Columbia
Tel. : +1 6048227759
E-mail: Jeremy.seamans@ubc.ca


'/>"/>

Contact: Gozde Zorlu
gozde.zorlu@frontiersin.org
Frontiers
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Frontiers launches new open-access journal in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
2. Frontiers announces launch of new open-access journal, Frontiers in Public Health
3. Finding new research frontiers in a single cell
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016 First quarter ... (139.9), up 966% compared with the first quarter of 2015 ... totaled SEK 589.1 M (loss: 18.8) and the operating margin was ... (loss: 0.32) Cash flow from operations was SEK 249.9 ... 2016 revenue guidance is unchanged, SEK 7,000-8,500 M. The ...
(Date:4/19/2016)... , UAE, April 20, 2016 ... implemented as a compact web-based "all-in-one" system solution for ... biometric fingerprint reader or the door interface with integration ... modern access control systems. The minimal dimensions of the ... readers into the building installations offer considerable freedom of ...
(Date:4/14/2016)... , April 14, 2016 ... Malware Detection, today announced the appointment of Eyal ... new role. Goldwerger,s leadership appointment comes at ... heels of the deployment of its platform at several ... biometric technology, which discerns unique cognitive and physiological factors, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... Rolf K. Hoffmann, former ... of the University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School effective June ... UNC Kenan-Flagler, with a focus on the school’s international efforts, leading classes and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Brooklyn, NY (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... 15mm, machines such as the Cary 5000 and the 6000i models are higher end ... height is the height of the spectrophotometer’s light beam from the bottom of the ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 /PRNewswire/ - FACIT has announced the creation ... biotechnology company, Propellon Therapeutics Inc. ("Propellon" or "the ... a portfolio of first-in-class WDR5 inhibitors for the ... WDR5 represent an exciting class of therapies, possessing ... for cancer patients. Substantial advances have been achieved ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June, 23, 2016  The Biodesign Challenge (BDC), ... new ways to harness living systems and biotechnology, announced ... (MoMA) in New York City . ... participating students, showcased projects at MoMA,s Celeste Bartos Theater ... Antonelli , MoMA,s senior curator of architecture and design, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: