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From the Amazon rainforest to human body cells: Quantifying stability
Date:1/6/2013

hanism doesn't work any more the rainforest would die.

The "basin stability concept" is apt for quantifying this risk. However, it is critical to actually do this from measured data. "Other researchers recently have collected the characteristics in terms of precipitation, temperature, soil of rainforests and savannas under defined climatological conditions," Menck says. Still, the assessment is extremely challenging as the tipping of a forest is a rare event, so observation data is scarce. In contrast, observation data of human cells changing from a healthy state to cancer can be abundant. "So medical researchers told us that our concept could be quite helpful in better assessing the risk of sane cells to turning sick when disturbed by specific exogenous factors."

"Simple yet compelling that's the way fundamental physics looks like"

Power grids have to function in good synchronization to assure that lights can be switched on everywhere anytime. Previous theory suggested that this should most easily be achieved if power grids had what researchers call a random structure, which in fact would yield many short-cuts between distant nodes. Yet in reality, grids look far more regular. Applying the basin stability concept shows why that is: In more regular grids, the desired synchronous state possesses a far bigger 'basin', hence is much more stable against perturbations.

"The basin stability's applicability to high-dimensional systems allowed us to solve a puzzle that has long haunted complex network science," says Jrgen Kurths, a co-author of the paper and co-chair of PIK's research domain 'Transdisciplinary concepts and methods'. "Our new nonlinear approach jumps from a local to a whole system analysis, thus complementing previous research mostly based on linearization. This new concept is simple, yet compelling that's the way fundamental physics looks like."


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Contact: Press Office
press@pik-potsdam.de
49-331-288-2507
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)
Source:Eurekalert

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Related biology news :

1. 800-year-old farmers could teach us how to protect the Amazon
2. Scientists reconstruct pre-Columbian human effects on the Amazon Basin
3. As Amazon urbanizes, rural fires burn unchecked
4. Warming climate unlikely to cause extinction of ancient Amazon trees, study finds
5. Climate warming unlikely to cause near-term extinction of Amazon trees, but threats remain
6. Deforestation in the Amazon equals net losses of diversity for microbial communities
7. Amazon deforestation brings loss of microbial communities
8. European grasslands challenge rainforests as the most species-rich spaces on Earth
9. Desert to Rainforest global classroom links future teachers, classrooms in Phoenix and Panama
10. NUS launches new book on Singapores rainforests and new free digital nature archive
11. Hidden secrets in the worlds most northerly rainforests
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