Navigation Links
From dandruff to deep sea vents, an ecologically hyper-diverse fungus
Date:8/21/2014

A ubiquitous skin fungus linked to dandruff, eczema and other itchy, flaky maladies in humans has now been tracked to even further global reachesincluding Hawaiian coral reefs and the extreme environments of arctic soils and deep sea vents.

A review in the scientific journal PLOS Pathogens considers the diversity, ecology, and distribution of the fungi of the genus Malassezia in light of new insights gained from screening environmental sequencing datasets from around the world.

University of Hawai'i at Mānoa scientist Anthony Amend discovered that members of this genus encompass a species and ecological diversity far greater than previously credited, and appear to have diversified repeatedly into and out of marine environments. Until recently, these fungi were assumed to have evolved to inhabit mammalian skin.

"We have found multiple new examples of these fungi on corals, sponges and algae and in water samples, deep sea thermal vents and sediments from Hawai'i and around the world," Amend said. "Equally as remarkable, a single strain of the noted human associate, Malassezia restricta, is found in some of the most extreme and disconnected habitats on the planet, including arctic soils and hydrothermal vents."

Scratching your head yet? We're not the only ones. Marine mammals like seals, as well as fish, lobsters, sponges, plankton, and corals apparently also have that Malassezia itch. In fact, the fungus appears to dominate certain marine environments.

Emerging evidence even suggests that an interaction with warming ocean waters is linked to a reef banding disease observed at Palmyra Atoll for which a new Malassezia is implicated.

"Residence in such a broad range of habitats is exceptional and clearly ranks this dandruff-causing fungus as one of the most ecologically diverse on the planet," Amend said. "Marine Malassezia should most certainly be the focus of future research into the diversity and distribution of this enigmatic group."


'/>"/>

Contact: Talia Ogliore
togliore@hawaii.edu
808-956-4531
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Dinosaurs fell victim to perfect storm of events, study shows
2. Evolution depends on rare chance events, molecular time travel experiments show
3. Moose drool inhibits growth of toxic fungus: York U research
4. TGen-led study finds likely origin of lung fungus invading Pacific Northwest
5. USF study: Amphibians can acquire resistance to deadly fungus
6. Study reveals fungus in yogurt outbreak poses a threat to consumers
7. Fruit fly immunity fails with fungus after (space)flight
8. Scientists weed out pesky poison ivy with discovery of killer fungus
9. Marriage of convenience with a fungus
10. Potential cure for captive amphibians with chytrid fungus
11. Salt needed: Tolerance lessons from a dead sea fungus
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/3/2017)... WASHINGTON , April 3, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... single-cell precision engineering platform, detected a statistically ... cell product prior to treatment and objective ... highlight the potential to predict whether cancer ... prior to treatment, as well as to ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... PUNE, India , March 28, 2017 ... (Analog, IP, Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), ... Maintenance), Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", ... 30.37 Billion in 2016 and is projected to reach ... 15.4% between 2017 and 2022. The base year considered ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Vehicle ... around 8.8% over the next decade to reach approximately $14.21 billion ... estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on global as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... machine manufacturers to re-engineer their control technology again and again. METTLER TOLEDO has ... for machine manufacturers. The videos illustrate how integration of the ACT350 into Siemens ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... leaders of the Maryland Biohealth community in developing and issuing recommendations to grow ... U.S. BioHealth Innovation Hub by 2023. , The recommendations are ...
(Date:5/21/2017)... , ... May 19, 2017 , ... ... and educational conference of the American Association of Bioanalysts (AAB) and the College ... in Houston. The conference reinforces AAB’s commitment to excellence in clinical laboratory services ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... ... ... In response to the strong base of evidence supporting the use of ... of their Gait Trainer 3 with an Integrated Music Therapy option. This is the ... rehabilitating individuals with cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, stroke and Parkinson’s disease. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology: