Navigation Links
Fowl soil additive breaks down crude oil
Date:3/3/2009

It is an unlikely application, but researchers in China have discovered that chicken manure can be used to biodegrade crude oil in contaminated soil. Writing in the International Journal of Environment and Pollution the team explains how bacteria in chicken manure break down 50% more crude oil than soil lacking the guano.

Bello Yakubu, Huiwen Ma, and ChuYu Zhang of Wuhan University, China, point out that contamination of soil by crude oil occurs around the world because of equipment failure, natural disasters, deliberate acts, and human error. However, conventional approaches to clean-up come with additional environmental costs. Detergents, for instance, become pollutants themselves and can persist in the environment long after any remediation exercise is complete.

A more environmentally benign approach is to bioremediation, which uses natural or engineered microbes that can metabolize the organic components of crude oil. Stimulating such microbial degradation in contaminated soil often involves the use of expensive fertilizers containing nitrogen and phosphorus, and again may come with an additional environmental price tag despite the bio label. Soil hardening and a loss of soil quality often accompany this approach.

Ma and colleagues suggest that animal waste, and in particular chicken manure, may provide the necessary chemical and microbial initiators to trigger biodegradation of crude oil if applied to contaminated soil. One important factor is that chicken manure raises the pH of soil to the range 6.3 to 7.4 which is optimal for the growth of known oil-utilizing bacteria.

In tests, the team added chicken manure to soil contaminated with 10 percent volume to weight of crude to soil. They found that the almost 75% of the oil was broken down in soil with the fowl additive after about two weeks. Whereas additive-free soil was naturally remediated to just over 50%.

The team carried out a microbial analysis of their samples and identified 21 different microbial species known as aerobic heterotrophs. The team explains that Bacillus species and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the best oil-munching microbes but of the 21 isolates 12 were capable of metabolizing components of crude oil. Other microbes included Proteus, Enterobacter, and Micrococcus species. Bacillus represented the most prevalent species.

"The use of chicken manure to stimulate crude oil biodegradation in the soil could be one of the several sought-after environmentally friendly ways of abating petroleum hydrocarbon pollution in the natural ecosystem," the team concludes.


'/>"/>

Contact: Huiwen Ma
86-755-260-37918
Inderscience Publishers
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Common food additive found to increase risk and speed spread of lung cancer
2. Hidden infections crucial to understanding, controlling disease outbreaks
3. Book breaks new ground in the study of economics and forest threats management
4. Scientists use remote satellite imaging to predict outbreaks of infectious disease
5. Lab study shows methadone breaks resistance in untreatable forms of leukemia
6. Fishing ban guards coral reefs against predatory starfish outbreaks
7. Fungi the cause of many outbreaks of disease but mostly ignored
8. NASA technology helps predict and prevent future pandemic outbreaks
9. NIST chemists get scoop on crude oil from pig manure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/14/2016)... 2016 NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the ... announces the airing of a new series of commercials on ... March 21 st .  The commercials will air on Bloomberg ... on the Street show. --> NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... commerce market, announces the airing of a new series of ...
(Date:3/10/2016)... BELL, Pa. , March 10, 2016   Unisys ... U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is testing its ... San Diego to help identify certain ... States . The test, designed to help determine the ... pedestrian environment, began in February and will run until May ...
(Date:3/3/2016)... , March 3, 2016  FlexTech, a SEMI ... categories of Innovation, Research & Development, Leadership in Education, ... This is the 9 th year of the ... of companies and individuals from past years . ... on a pre-described set of criteria, by a panel ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, ... healthcare, today announced that its Board of Directors has approved ... the second quarter of 2016. The cash ... about July 29, 2016 to stockholders of record as of ... of dividends are subject to approval of the Board of ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... Alto, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2016 ... ... and public interest organization focused on molecular nanotechnology, announced the winners for the ... of pioneer physicist Richard Feynman, are given in two categories, one for experiment ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... 20, 2016 , ... Korean researchers say Manumycin A triggers apoptosis, or natural ... to treat the disease. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted an article on the new ... institutions based their mesothelioma study on the fact the Manumycin A, a derivative of ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... 19, 2016 There is no ... given the relentless pressures in pricing and lack in ... investors circle though - numerous opportunities are up for ... session, ActiveWallSt.com,s presents four names in this sector: Portola ... Inc. (NASDAQ: VTAE ), Anthera Pharmaceuticals Inc. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: