Navigation Links
Formula discovered for longer plant life
Date:9/23/2008

This release is available in German.

Plants that grow more slowly stay fresh longer. In their study now published in PLoS Biology, scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology in Tbingen have shown that certain small sections of genes, so-called microRNAs, coordinate growth and aging processes in plants. These microRNAs inhibit certain regulators, known as TCP transcription factors. These transcription factors in turn influence the production of jasmonic acid, a plant hormone. The higher the number of microRNAs present, the lower the number of transcription factors that are active, and the smaller the amount of jasmonic acid, which is produced by the plant. The plant therefore ages more slowly, as this hormone is important for the plant's aging processes. The researchers have succeeded for the first time in describing the antagonistic regulation of growth and aging in plants. Since the quantity of microRNAs in the plants can be controlled by genetic methods, it may be possible in future to cultivate plants that live longer and grow faster. (PLoS Biology, September 23, 2008)

MicroRNAs are short, single-strand sections of genes that regulate other genes. They do this by binding to complementary sections of the genetic material, thus preventing them from being read and implemented in genetic products. In plants, microRNAs mainly inhibit other regulators, so-called transcription factors. These factors can switch genes on or off by binding to DNA sections, thus activating or blocking them so that either too many or too few proteins are formed. Since proteins control metabolic processes, an imbalance leads to more or less clearly visible changes to the plant.

The scientists in Prof. Detlef Weigel's department at the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology have investigated the effects that the transcription factors of the TCP family have on the growth and aging of the thale cress model plant (Arabidopsis thaliana). These transcription factors are regulated by the microRNA miR319.

It was already known that miR319-regulated transcription factors affect the growth of leaves. Using a combination of biochemical and genetic analyses, the researchers have now discovered that the transcription factors also regulate those genes that are essential for the formation of the plant hormone jasmonic acid. The higher the amount of microRNA miR319 present in the plant, the lower the number of transcription factors that are produced. This results in smaller amounts of jasmonic acid which can be synthesized. Plants containing little jasmonic acid age more slowly: The leaves become yellow and the plant dies. This process can be stopped by treating the plant with the hormone.

"Our studies show that the transcription factors, which are regulated by the microRNA miR319, exert a negative influence on the growth of plants, and also lead to premature aging. The mechanism discovered here is a further milestone in the attempt to explain the relationships of genetic regulation in plants. Only when we have a better understanding of these processes will we be able to produce plants that have particularly desired properties," says Detlef Weigel, who heads the project.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Detlef Weigel
Detlef.Weigel@tuebingen.mpg.de
49-7071-601-1410
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. University of Pennsylvania researchers develop formula to gauge risk of disease clusters
2. New formula for combating the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide
3. Louisiana Tech researchers feature drug reformulation in prestigious journal
4. Researchers study facial structures, brain abnormalities to reveal formula for detection of autism
5. New, more direct pathways from outside the cell-to-cell nuclei discovered
6. New continent and species discovered in Atlantic study
7. Ancient organisms discovered in Canadian gold mine
8. New golden frog discovered in remote region of Colombia
9. Antioxidant to retard wrinkles discovered by Hebrew University researcher
10. One species entire genome discovered inside anothers
11. New molecules discovered that block cancer cells from modifying cell DNA
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Formula discovered for longer plant life
(Date:6/14/2017)... , June 15, 2017  IBM (NYSE: IBM ) ... international tech event dedicated to developing collaboration between startups and ... on June 15-17. During the event, nine startups will showcase ... value in various industries. France ... the international market, with a 30 percent increase in the ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... -- RAM Group , Singaporean based technology ... biometric authentication based on a novel  quantum-state ... perform biometric authentication. These new sensors are based on a ... Group and its partners. This sensor will have widespread ... security. Ram Group is a next generation sensor ...
(Date:4/17/2017)... April 17, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... the filing of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on ... ... is available in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website ... SEC,s website at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/10/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... October ... ... a development-stage cancer-focused pharmaceutical company advancing targeted antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) therapeutics, today ... of targeted HPLN (Hybrid Polymerized Liposomal Nanoparticle), a technology developed in collaboration ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... optimization firm for the life sciences and healthcare industries, announces a presentation by ... Francisco. , The presentation, “Automating GxP Validation for Agile Cloud Platforms,” will present ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 09, 2017 , ... ... a four-tiered line of medical marijuana products targeting the needs of consumers who ... packaging of Kindred takes place in Phoenix, Arizona. , As operators of two ...
(Date:10/6/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... The HealthTech ... technology sector at their fourth annual Conference where founders, investors, innovative practitioners and ... the ELEVATE pitch competition showcasing early stage digital health and med tech companies. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: