Navigation Links
Forensic tools for catching poachers
Date:8/6/2012

URBANA The trade in ivory was largely outlawed in 1989, but poaching continues and remains a serious threat to the African elephant. Seizures of large amounts of ivory, sometimes over a ton, continue to occur. Research by Alfred Roca, an assistant professor at the university, could be the basis for the development of new law enforcement tools.

Roca has found a way to determine where the ivory comes from. With funding from the Division of International Conservation of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, he and his collaborators have sampled elephants at 22 locations in 13 African countries to get sequences of their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA).

mtDNA is the DNA located in mitochondria, structures within cells that convert the chemical energy from food into a form the cells can use. Most DNA is "nuclear," found in the cell nucleus. What makes mtDNA a good marker for tracing the origin of ivory is first, that it is transmitted only by females and second, the fact that female elephants do not migrate between herds.

Other researchers have found that it is possible to get fragments of mtDNA from ivory and that is possible to amplify those fragments. Roca and his collaborators wanted to match these fragments to elephants from a specific location.

To do this, Nicholas Georgiadis, a researcher who was in Kenya and is now at Washington State, used a rifle to shoot a biopsy dart, which would hit the side of the elephant and scrape a small piece (less than a centimeter square) of skin from the elephant and fall off.

"It's like a biting insect," said Roca. "The hardest part was finding the dart after it fell off. Georgiadis never had a problem with an elephant unless it was already predisposed to be hostile to humans."

Georgiadis collected 653 samples that Yasuko Ishida, a researcher in Roca's lab, then sequenced and analyzed. She found eight distinct subclades, or subdivisions, of mtDNA previous research had detected on
'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Jongeneel
sjongene@illinois.edu
217-333-3291
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Forensic science used to determine whos who in pre-Columbian Peru
2. Forensics ferret out fire beetle secret
3. University of North Texas Health Science Center Advances Forensic Research by Investing in Semiconductor DNA Sequencing Technology
4. Genetic research develops tools for studying diseases, improving regenerative treatment
5. Nanotherapy: Treating deadly brain tumors by delivering big radiation with tiny tools
6. Researchers announce GenomeSpace environment to connect genomic tools
7. Michael J. Fox Foundation grant to Dr. Samuel Young will provide Parkinsons drug development tools
8. New tools for evaluating quality of life for cats, dogs with heart disease
9. UMass Amherst biochemists developing tools to stop plague and other bacterial threats
10. DataONE answers the call for new tools to study the Earth in this era of Big Data science
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/10/2014)... This news release is available in German . ... scientists, including researchers from DESY, has caught a central step ... led by Prof. Petra Fromme from Arizona State University used ... Accelerator Laboratory SLAC to record still frames of a molecular ... and oxygen, a process that maintains the oxygen in earth,s ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... While careful management has helped stabilize or even ... parts of Europe, the situation in the Mediterranean ... a new report evaluating nine fish species reported ... on July 10, scientists call for stringent ... fisheries regulations, and advanced management plans in Mediterranean ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... of overfishing in the English Channel has resulted in ... and left fishermen ,scraping the barrel, for increasing amounts ... cod, haddock and many other species at the head ... many removed from the area completely., These are some ... biologists at Plymouth University, in association with international non-profit ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists watch photosynthesis in action 2Scientists watch photosynthesis in action 3Mediterranean fish stocks show steady decline 2Overfishing in the English Channel leaves fisherman scraping the bottom of the barrel 2Overfishing in the English Channel leaves fisherman scraping the bottom of the barrel 3
... paper being presented in two American Physiological Society ... team demonstrated "for the first time that mitochondria ... mitochondria may mechanically regulate nuclear function." , The ... years, reported that it recently "found a very ...
... There's no doubt that laughter feels good, but is ... do about it? , In a paper being presented ... 2006, Lee S. Berk of Loma Linda University, reports ... but just the anticipation of the "mirthful laughter" involved ...
... different plant species are not only more productive, they ... climate extremes, pests and disease over long periods of ... issue of Nature, are the culmination of 12 years ... Ecology at the University of Minnesota, to explore the ...
Cached Biology News:First direct mechanical communication of mitochondria, cardiomyocyte nucleus shown 2First direct mechanical communication of mitochondria, cardiomyocyte nucleus shown 3Just the expectation of a mirthful laughter experience boosts endorphins 27 percent, HGH 87 percent 2Just the expectation of a mirthful laughter experience boosts endorphins 27 percent, HGH 87 percent 3Biodiversity key to sustainable biofuel according to University of Minn. researcher's findings 2
(Date:7/10/2014)... spiders can sit upside down forever. Nanophysics makes sure of ... an article just published in Physical Review E . ... and spiders that seem to be able to sit still ... for many years. We will soon be able to buy ... gecko,s foot. But the fact is, sooner or later the ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ... the interplay of spin and heat at the ... spintronic devices for data storage and information processing. ... as spin-angular momentum. In a typical charge current, ... spin current," explained David Cahill, a professor of ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... to assembling a club sandwich at the nanoscale, ... have succeeded in crafting a uniform, multi-walled carbon-nanotube-based ... commonly used in upholstered furniture and other soft ... foam was reduced 35 percent compared with untreated ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... 2014  Bill Jacobs Automotive, a group of car dealerships headquartered ... the Heartland Blood Center and offering free oil change coupons ... place Saturday, Jan. 18 at the Bill Jacobs Cadillac and ... (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140115/MN46637 )  The Bill Jacobs ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Even geckos can lose their grip 2University of Illinois study advances limits for ultrafast nano-devices 2Layered security: Carbon nanotubes promise improved flame-resistant coating 2Join the Bill Jacobs Auto blood drive and receive a free oil change 2
... Ariz., April 23 ImaRx Therapeutics,Inc. (Nasdaq: ... into an agreement,with Abbott Laboratories pursuant to which ... non-recourse promissory note with Abbott issued in,connection with ... title to,the urokinase assets, including the remaining inventory ...
... (NYSE: SGP ) today announced two agreements ... in Europe. These agreements are,in connection with conditions ... its October 2007 clearance of Schering-Plough,s acquisition of ... In two separate agreements, Pfizer and Virbac, ...
... today,announced that on April 22, 2008 its management ... Emerging Business Awards, known as the "Bennies.",BioNanomatrix won ... group of growing entrepreneurial firms in the Philadelphia ... the,award on behalf of the company., The ...
Cached Biology Technology:ImaRx Therapeutics Satisfies Abbott Note Obligation Associated With the Acquisition of Urokinase 2ImaRx Therapeutics Satisfies Abbott Note Obligation Associated With the Acquisition of Urokinase 3Schering-Plough Announces Planned Divestiture of Select Animal Health Products in Europe 2BioNanomatrix Named 'Best Management Team' at the 2008 Ben Franklin Emerging Business Awards 2
MAb to HLA, Class II-DR+DP Dry Ice: No Preservative: NaN3 Availability When Not in Inventory: 14-21 Business Days...
Cell Culture Flask, 25 cm, tissue-culture treated polystyrene...
... Virgin, optically clear polystyrene with frosted ... coordinates for cell counting. 100% integrity ... a new product number, created to ... showing no availability yet, please order ...
... CellBIND surface is produced by a ... more hydrophilic surface giving more consistent, ... and yields. CellBIND enhances cell attachment ... reduced serum or serum-free medium. • ...
Biology Products: