Navigation Links
Forensic science used to determine who's who in pre-Columbian Peru
Date:4/22/2012

Analysis of ancient mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been used to establish migration and population patterns for American indigenous cultures during the time before Christopher Columbus sailed to the Americas. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Genetics has used more detailed DNA analysis of individuals from Arequipa region to identify the family relationships and burial traditions of ancient Peru.

The social unit (ayllu) of Native South Americans is thought to be based on kin relationships. The establishment of ayllu-based communities is also associated with funereal monuments (chullpas) which are thought to be important social sites not only because of their religious importance but because they housed the venerated ayllu's ancestors. Ancestor worship and a belief in a common ancestor, central to the ayllu, still exists in the traditions of the Q'ero community.

Researchers from University of Warsaw, in collaboration with Universidad Catolica de Santa Maria, used DNA analysis to reconstruct the family trees of individuals buried in six chullpas near the Coropuna volcano is southern Peru. Despite prior looting, the unique nature of this site, 4000m up the Cora Cora mountain, allowed an extraordinary preservation of human remains and of DNA within both teeth and bone.

mtDNA analysis showed that the groups were of Andean origin and indicated a 500 year continuity, up to modern Andeans, without any major impact by European colonisation.

The social structure of an aylla was established using Y (male) chromosome and autosomal microsatellites analysis, in conjunction with the mtDNA. Family connections were clearly strongest within each chullpa, since individuals buried in the same chullpa were more closely related than those buried in different chullpas, and all males buried together shared identical Y chromosome profiles. In two of the chullpas several generations of related males were found. This matches current thought that the ancient Andians would swap women between families - so called 'sister exchange' while the men retained the ancestral land.

The combinations of DNA analysis used allowed for an unprecedented level of detail in social behaviour to be discerned. In one chullpa three different Y chromosome lineages were found. Comparison of mtDNA within this chullpa suggests that two of the males had the same mother but different fathers, and the third male was related to one of the females, probably a half brother.

Mateusz Baca explained, "Our results show that this community of llama and alpaca herders was (genetically) an extended patriarchal society. The use of chullpas as family graves is consistent with the idea of ayllu-based communities based around strong kinship relationships. However, the chullpa with mixed male heritage shows that this social structure could also be flexible and the strict rules governing marriage and family could be intentionally, or unintentionally, relaxed."


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Hilary Glover
hilary.glover@biomedcentral.com
44-203-192-2370
BioMed Central
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Fossil forensics reveals how wasps populated rotting dinosaur eggs
2. Sardines and horse mackerel identified using forensic techniques
3. Food forensics: DNA links habitat quality to bat diet
4. SoftGenetics to Supply Forensic Analysis Software for IntegenXs Automated DNA Identity Profiling System
5. Parascript SignatureXpert Wins Forensic Signature Verification Competition
6. Digital data forensic expert at NJIT to be feted by R&D council for data hiding patents
7. Innovation could bring super-accurate sensors, crime forensics
8. USPTO Awards Key Patent to ADF Solutions for Digital Forensics
9. New forensics research will help identify remains of children
10. A forensic analysis of Hurricane Katrinas impact: methods and findings
11. New forensic technique gives clues about sharks from bite damage
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Forensic science used to determine who's who in pre-Columbian Peru
(Date:4/24/2017)... WASHINGTON , April 24, 2017 ... counsel and partner with  Identity Strategy Partners, LLP ... "With or without President Trump,s March 6, ... Foreign Terrorist Entry , refugee vetting can be instilled ... refugee resettlement. (Right now, all refugee applications are ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... 2017 According to a new market research report ... Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, Vertical, and Region ... expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 to USD 31.75 ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... Forecasts by Product Type (EAC), ... End-Use (Transportation & Logistics, Government & Public Sector, Utilities ... Generation Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, Business Organisation (BFSI), ... you looking for a definitive report on the $27.9bn ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Benchworks announced that ... of the Healthcare Businesswomen’s Association (HBA). Nominated by chapter president Donna ... meets in person once each quarter and holds monthly conference calls. In addition, ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... 2017 As Ebola resurfaces in the ... 20 suspected cases now reported, a new analysis of the ... a correlation between the 2014 and 2017 outbreaks of the ... in 2012-13, which preceded the 2014 outbreak. An analysis of ... Replikin counts in 2014-15, which again precedes the current outbreak ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... NetDimensions has been ranked as a Leader ... Corporate Learning, 2017. , Aragon Research defines Leaders as organizations who possess comprehensive ... those strategies. NetDimensions’ ranking as a Leader due to its strengths in: , ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... , ... May 23, 2017 , ... Bacterial biofilms, surface ... molecules, can cause diverse pathologies ranging from food poisoning and catheter infections to gum ... is in the tens of billions of dollars per year, there is currently a ...
Breaking Biology Technology: