Navigation Links
Forensic experts compile guide on how to ID child abuse, starvation
Date:1/31/2014

Forensic science experts from North Carolina State University have just published a comprehensive overview of forensic research that can be used to identify child abuse and starvation.

"By pulling all of this information together in one place, we hope that we can save the lives of some children and find justice for others," says Dr. Ann Ross, a professor of anthropology at NC State and lead author of the paper. Ross is also co-editor of the book "The Juvenile Skeleton in Forensic Abuse Investigations."

"For example, we looked at issues of neglect in which children are starved to death," Ross says. "These are supposedly rare, but I've unfortunately seen this a few times in my capacity as an advisor to medical examiners. In this paper we offer some guidelines on how to use the mineral density of bones to determine whether a child was being starved."

Proving that a child was starved to death is difficult; it's essentially impossible to assess normal indicators of starvation once a body has decomposed. But the paper explains that forensic investigators can use a DXA scan, like those used to assess osteoporosis in older adults, to assess bone density and determine whether a child was severely malnourished.

Also, because teeth are not as affected by malnutrition as bones are, investigators can compare the development of an individual's teeth and bones. Stunted growth of a child's tibia can be a strong indicator of starvation, for example.

"These techniques are well-established but are not in widespread use in the United States," Ross says.

"We also combed the existing literature to focus on skeletal injuries that are indicators of abuse and that are unlikely or impossible to be caused by accident," says Dr. Chelsey Juarez, an assistant professor of anthropology at NC State and co-author of the paper.

For example, rib fractures are very rare in accidental trauma, so the presence of rib fractures in childre
'/>"/>

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Official opening of wildlife health genetic and forensic laboratory between EcoHealth Alliance and Sabah Wildlife Department
2. AKESOgen and Identitas partner to provide a comprehensive Next Generation Forensic profiling solution
3. Advances in temporal forensic investigations
4. Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging
5. Forensic pathology: tracing the origin of the Usutu Virus
6. Flashback Data Remains Only Non-Governmental Digital Forensics Lab with ASCLD/LAB International Accreditation
7. New forensic institute at the University of Leicester will help police forces solve unusual crimes
8. Forensic tools for catching poachers
9. University of North Texas Health Science Center Advances Forensic Research by Investing in Semiconductor DNA Sequencing Technology
10. Forensics ferret out fire beetle secret
11. Forensic science used to determine whos who in pre-Columbian Peru
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/17/2014)... and pathogens that devastate honeybees in Europe, Asia and ... do not appear to be impacting native honeybee populations ... researchers., The invasive pests include including Nosema microsporidia ... honeybees appear to be resilient to these invasive pests, ... control pests in Europe, Asia and the United States ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... many serious conditions such as heart disease, epilepsy and ... therapies. Unfortunately, there is still much scientists do not ... and unexpected insight into the structure of sodium channels ... - which are responsible for ,fine-tuning, the activity of ... recent edition of the Journal of Biological Chemistry ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... researchers have detected new early-warning signs of the potential ... have far-reaching implications for the diagnosis and treatment of ... million Americans. , "We had not expected to see ... stages," said Ann Elsner, professor and associate dean in ... the study. "We set out to study the early ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):East African honeybees are safe from invasive pests… for now 2East African honeybees are safe from invasive pests… for now 3Structure of sodium channels different than previously believed 2New technique detects microscopic diabetes-related eye damage 2New technique detects microscopic diabetes-related eye damage 3
... international consortium of 15 institutions from 12 European ... Norway, Romania, Sweden, The Netherlands, UK) has started ... The name stands for ,Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: ... the effectiveness of arguments used for biodiversity protection ...
... the Arctic Ocean, the frozen soils within this region keep ... the Earth,s atmosphere. This sequestered carbon is more than 250 ... United States in the year 2009. As global temperatures slowly ... upon the carbon cycle when the permafrost thaws and releases ...
... metal-organic frameworks, with their nanoscopic pores and incredibly ... gas storage. But with millions of different structures ... University research team has developed a computational method ... in the discovery process. The new algorithm automatically ...
Cached Biology News:Preparing for a thaw: How Arctic microbes respond to a warming world 2Preparing for a thaw: How Arctic microbes respond to a warming world 3More promising natural gas storage? 2
(Date:1/14/2014)... owners drew up their lists of New Year,s resolutions for 2014, ... my furry companion." Nowadays there are pet salons, dog and cat ... the little canine or feline darlings along wherever mommy or daddy ... toys at the pet store. But anyone who has ever lived ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... MA (PRWEB) January 14, 2014 iLab Solutions, ... Detwiler as the new Director of Product Strategy. In this ... well as iLab sub-teams to guide in the development of ... iLab provides the maximum possible benefit to the scientific community ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Ontario , Jan. 14, 2014   Kinaxis ®, provider ... SCM ) and sales and operations planning ( S&OP ) ... Biomanufacturing Summit , which will be held at the ... the conference, join Kinaxis customer Elisabeth Kaszas , Director ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Independent publisher Bitingduck Press, with offices in Altadena ... ideas for 2014 in production and sales of interactive ... high-quality, low-cost, DRM-free ebooks and to use the sales ... first major development will be bookstore sales in local ...
Breaking Biology Technology:New Year's Resolution: Give Pets the Gift of Top-Notch Health Care 2iLab Solutions Announces Michelle Detwiler as the New Director of Product Strategy 2Event Alert: Kinaxis Customer to Present at the Biomanufacturing Summit "Supply Chain: Improving Network Effectiveness" 2Bitingduck Press Looks Forward to 2014 With Multimedia E-books 2
... 18 Opsona Therapeutics, a,biotechnology company focused on ... diseases, today announced the,completion of an EUR18M ($23M) ... expand both at an operational and clinical level. ... and Seroba Kernel,Life Sciences all participated in the ...
... Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) has announced that ... high-risk research projects. The Joint Committee of Germany,s ... approved funding for two new Reinhart Koselleck Projects. ... Professor Reinhard Drner, an atomic physicist from Frankfurt, ...
... found that tiny nanoparticles could be twice as likely ... liquids than previously believed. This opens up a ... in living cells, polymer composites, and high-tech foams, ... ways of further artificially enhancing this new found sticking ...
Cached Biology Technology:Opsona Therapeutics Closes EUR18M Funding 2Opsona Therapeutics Closes EUR18M Funding 3Opsona Therapeutics Closes EUR18M Funding 4Encouraging high-risk research: DFG approves funding for 2 new Reinhart Koselleck projects 2Encouraging high-risk research: DFG approves funding for 2 new Reinhart Koselleck projects 3Nanoparticles double their chances of getting into sticky situations 2
Rabbit Anti-melatonin (different linkage) Polyclonal Antibody...
... Rabbit monoclonal [EP282Y] to Asparagine ... all tested applications). ... corresponding to residues in the ... Entrez GeneID: ...
Rabbit Anti-melatonin (different linkage) Polyclonal Antibody...
Rabbit Anti-melatonin (different linkage) Polyclonal Antibody...
Biology Products: