Navigation Links
Foot and mouth disease may spread through shedding skin cells
Date:5/10/2011

LIVERMORE, Calif. --Skin cells shed from livestock infected with foot and mouth disease could very well spread the disease.

In a new paper appearing in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientist Michael Dillon proposed that virus-infected skin cells could be a source of infectious foot and mouth disease virus aerosols. His proposal is based on the facts that foot and mouth disease virus is found in skin and that airborne skin cells are known to transmit other diseases.

The proposal could lead to new methods for surveillance for foot and mouth disease (as in settled dust), the development of more effective control measures, and improved studies of the persistence of the disease in the environment. The research also may be applicable to how other infectious diseases are spread.

Foot and mouth is a highly contagious viral disease capable of causing widespread epidemics in livestock. The foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) has multiple known routes of transmission. These include direct contact (animal-to-animal contact at mucous membranes, cuts or abrasions), indirect contact (such as contaminated bedding), ingestion (contaminated feed) and the respiratory or airborne pathway (inhalation of infectious aerosols).

"The airborne pathway may play a role in some outbreaks by causing disease 'sparks' (disease spread to regions remote from a primary infection site)," Dillon said. "If the disease isn't detected quickly, these 'sparks' can lead to major outbreaks."

Dillon cited the widespread dissemination of FMDV during the catastrophic 2001 United Kingdom outbreak, which is thought to be caused by the inadvertent transport of animals with unrecognized FMDV infection from a Prestwick area farm to areas previously free of FMDV.

Mammals actively shed skin cells into the environment. Skin cells comprise a significant fraction (1 percent to 10 percent) of measured indoo
'/>"/>

Contact: Anne Stark
stark8@llnl.gov
925-422-9799
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Mouth as the gateway to your body
2. New dissolvable tobacco products may increase risk of mouth disease
3. Scientists identify how virus triggers cervical and mouth cancer
4. Blue whale-sized mouthfuls make foraging super efficient
5. Grinding mouth, wrinkle eye: Penn graduate student describes new species of plant-eating dinosaur
6. Dartmouth researchers describe how the cholera bacteria becomes infectious
7. Computer models suggest vaccination or culling best to prevent foot-and-mouth disease
8. University of Plymouth invests in dental research
9. Dartmouth researchers get personal with genetics
10. Dartmouth researchers find new protein function
11. Latest advances in gene therapy for ocular disease are highlighted in Human Gene Therapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/31/2015)... China , July 31, 2015 The 10 ... will be held by BGI from October 22-25, 2015, in ... The conference is celebrating its 10 th anniversary ... one of the world,s most influential annual meetings in the ... and enjoyable scientific gatherings. ICG-10 focuses on ...
(Date:7/23/2015)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/rzzp3v/global_outlook_of ) ... Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 " ... global biometrics market is likely to witness significant ... to the uptake of multiple technologies available. The ... the growth of biometrics in existing applications as ...
(Date:7/13/2015)... Calif. , July 13, 2015 ... developer of human interface solutions, today announced sampling ... touch and display driver integration (TDDI) product targeting ... the first to combine Synaptics , best-in-class ... proven display driver technology developed in the company,s ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The 10th International Conference on Genomics (ICG-10) to Open in October 2Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 2Global Outlook of the Biometrics Industry 2015 3Synaptics Announces Sampling of Second Generation TDDI Solutions 2Synaptics Announces Sampling of Second Generation TDDI Solutions 3
... infectious biological agents have been used to spread death and ... of Houston will address what we might confront if these ... medical analyst with the Civil Support Readiness Directorate of the ... at noon, Friday, Nov. 9 in Room 130 of Science ...
... green vegetables? Your answer tells a lot about you. ... worms have answered that question likely reveals a lot about ... the University of Rochester Medical Center, worms that are hermaphrodites ... buttery smell, while the males the other of the ...
... A recently published research article in the Journal ... Nestl Reserarch Center, Genomatix Software GmbH, Rosetta Inpharmatics ... Molecular Pharmacology Unit demonstrates the synergisms and enhanced ... profiling with the unique and proprietary microarray analysis ...
Cached Biology News:Biological warfare: What do you need to know? 2Worms take the sniff test to reveal sex differences in brain 2Worms take the sniff test to reveal sex differences in brain 3
(Date:7/30/2015)... , ... July 30, 2015 , ... ... of a field clinical study of its canine osteoarthritis stem cell product, currently ... Therapeutics (Kansas City, KS) and will be marketed in the US by Aratana. ...
(Date:7/30/2015)... -- HIGHLIGHTS:Q2 2015 Results (all changes are ... sales were $697 million compared to $701 million in ... 8%, and changes in foreign currency exchange rates decreased ... , By business unit, organic sales growth was ... SAFC Commercial. , Reported diluted EPS was $0.98 ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... , July 30, 2015 ... la santé, publie ses résultats pour le premier ... commente les résultats. Visionner l,interview ... http://www.eurobusinessmedia.com/ceo-direct/sanofi/sanofi-h1-2015-results-interview-with-ceo-olivier-brandicourt?utm_source=ceo-direct&utm_medium=wire Au sommaire de ... - Moteurs de croissance - ...
(Date:7/29/2015)... July 29, 2015  HealthSouth Corporation ... largest providers of post-acute healthcare services, offering both ... results of operations for the second quarter ended ... was characterized by strong volume growth in both ... EBITDA," said Jay Grinney, President and Chief Executive ...
Breaking Biology Technology:VetStem Biopharma Successfully Completes Large Milestone Efficacy Study for its Flagship Canine Osteoarthritis Stem Cell Product 2VetStem Biopharma Successfully Completes Large Milestone Efficacy Study for its Flagship Canine Osteoarthritis Stem Cell Product 3Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 2Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 3Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 4Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 5Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 6Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 7Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 8Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 9Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 10Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 11Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 12Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 13Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 14Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 15Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 16Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 17Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 18Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 19Sigma-Aldrich (NASDAQ - SIAL) Reports Q2 2015 Sales Of $697 Million And Adjusted Diluted EPS Of $1.01 20HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 2HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 3HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 4HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 5HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 6HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 7HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 8HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 9HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 10HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 11HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 12HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 13HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 14HealthSouth Reports Results for Second Quarter 2015 15
... Isolate total RNA and protein from cultured cells or tissues , ... from cultured , cells , ... Ambion's new PARIS Kit uses a fast, simple procedure based on , ... from the same experimental sample. The kit also permits separation ...
... SPEX FLUOROLOG spectrofluorometer is capable of detecting sub-picomolar ( ... ing mode FLUOROLOG spectrofluorometer with a 450-W (521 nm) xenon ... in the photon-counting mode. The bandpass was set to 4.0 ... 11020 s, with a single scan and no smoothing. Excita-490 ...
... , , , ... By James Costantin, Ph.D., Yen-Wen Chen, Ph.D., Jinfang Liao, Ph.D., , ... Molecular Devices Corporation, 3280 Whipple Road, Union City, CA 94587., ... Voltage-dependent ion channels represent a, largely untapped portion of the ...
Cached Biology Technology:A Better Way to Isolate RNA AND Protein From the Same Sample 2A Better Way to Isolate RNA AND Protein From the Same Sample 3A Better Way to Isolate RNA AND Protein From the Same Sample 4A Better Way to Isolate RNA AND Protein From the Same Sample 5Sub-Picomolar Fluorescein 2Rapid hit confirmation and early hERG liability testing using the IonWorks HT system 2Rapid hit confirmation and early hERG liability testing using the IonWorks HT system 3Rapid hit confirmation and early hERG liability testing using the IonWorks HT system 4Rapid hit confirmation and early hERG liability testing using the IonWorks HT system 5Rapid hit confirmation and early hERG liability testing using the IonWorks HT system 6Rapid hit confirmation and early hERG liability testing using the IonWorks HT system 7
... Large (Klenow) Fragment, Exonuclease Minus, is a ... 5´→3´ and the 3´→5´ exonuclease activities present ... (1,2). It is used for random primer ... (5). Klenow Fragment, Exonuclease Minus, will leave ...
... 8-iso PGE2 is one of several isoprostanes produced ... a potent renal vasoconstrictor in the rat. 8-iso ... IC50 values of 0.5 and 5 µM, respectively. ... rat at a concentration of 4 mg/kg/min, 8-iso ...
DNA Polymerase I Large (Klenow) Fragment is a DNA polymerase that lacks the 5'Cut Site3' exodeoxyribonuclease activity of intact DNA Polymerase I but it contains the 3'Cut Site5' exodeoxyribonuclease...
... Centra-CL5R multi-purpose centrifuge offers both high-speed ... assortment of rotor options, making it ... applications., Maximum Versatility , High-speed ... angle rotors or high-volume (4 x 250mL) ...
Biology Products: