Navigation Links
Foot and mouth disease in sub-Saharan Africa moves over short distances, wild buffalo are a problem
Date:10/21/2013

New research shows that in sub-Saharan Africa the virus responsible for foot and mouth disease (FMD) moves over relatively short distances and the African buffalo are important natural reservoirs for the infection. The study, published in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, sheds light on how the type of FMD virus called SAT 2 emerged in sub-Saharan Africa and identifies patterns of spread in countries where SAT 2 is endemic.

"The data suggest that the common ancestor of all SAT 2 was in [African] buffalo. It's very clear that historically infections have moved from buffalo to cattle," says corresponding author Matthew Hall of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is devastating to livestock all over the world, but it's a particular problem in Africa, where wildlife that harbor the virus are thought to pass it on to their domesticated cousins.

FMD strikes cloven-hoofed animals, presenting as a high fever, blistering in the mouth and feet, decline in milk production in females, and weight loss. Although most animals recover over the course of months, some die of complications from the disease. In wild buffalo, the disease is very rarely symptomatic and animals can be persistently infected for a period of several years. The SAT 2 serotype of the virus is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, but it has crossed the Sahara and caused outbreaks in North Africa and the Middle East between 1990 and 2012.

In the hopes they could eventually predict future outbreaks, Hall and his colleagues wanted a better picture of the diversity of SAT 2 viruses in sub-Saharan Africa and how they move around from one location to another. They used 250 genetic sequences of the VP1 section of the genome from SAT 2 isolates taken from all over sub-Saharan Africa and tracked the appearance of the various unique 'topotypes' over the region.

Hall says the patterns in whic
'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Dartmouth scientists track radioactive iodine from Japan nuclear reactor meltdown
2. Big-mouthed babies drove the evolution of giant island snakes
3. Dartmouth researchers are learning how exercise affects the brain
4. Tufts Medical Center researchers finds marker in premies saliva predicts readiness to feed by mouth
5. Out of the mouths of primates, facial mechanics of human speech may have evolved
6. Study of zebra fish mouth formation may speak to Fraser syndrome hearing loss
7. Dartmouth research imparts momentum to mobile health
8. Science stars head to Dartmouth for the E.E. Just Symposium
9. Dartmouth research: The clocks are ticking and the climate is changing
10. Mercury releases contaminate ocean fish: Dartmouth-led effort publishes major findings
11. Dartmouth research offers new control strategies for bipolar bark beetles
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/13/2015)... 2015 According to a ... Market Forecast & Opportunities, 2020", the global biometrics market ... 14% till 2020. The biometrics market is garnering ... and review of biometric management systems. The constant ... with greater efficiency, are resulting in increasing installation ...
(Date:4/6/2015)... 2015 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announced ... for MINIATURE, MULTI-PURPOSE ANTENNA METHOD AND SYSTEM ... NXT-ID introduces a new revolutionary method and system ... use of miniature antenna modules for multiple purposes ...
(Date:4/1/2015)... Apr. 1, 2015  NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... focused on the growing mobile commerce market, announces the ... wallets is underway to early access pre-order customers. ... usage at retail outlets including Walmart, Target, AT&T, Dunkin, ... Wocket was accepted at all outlets and very easy ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Biometrics Market to Cross US$ 21 Billion by 2020: TechSci Research 2NXT-ID Patents Miniature, Low Power Wireless Magnetic Stripe 2NXT-ID Patents Miniature, Low Power Wireless Magnetic Stripe 3NXT-ID Patents Miniature, Low Power Wireless Magnetic Stripe 4NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 2NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 3NXT-ID Reports Second Shipment of Wocket Smart Wallets Underway to Early Access Pre-order Customers and Provides User Feedback 4
... from the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) ... dedicated to the brain that the controversy is over: ... dead. , The cerebral cortex is a sheet of ... that process particular aspects of sensation, movement and cognition. ...
... of genes has shed light on the role of gene ... in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, was ... , Dr Robert Beiko, Professor Mark Ragan and Mr ... in an effort to map how genes are shared between ...
... used by the U.S. military to track vehicle convoys in ... little-known world of pygmy elephants in Borneo. , ... elephant's being captured and outfitted with a collar that can ... the first time, the public can track the movements of ...
Cached Biology News:MIT researcher presents new view of how the cortex forms 2Lateral thinking produces first map of gene transmission 2WWF peeks into mysterious life of Borneo's pygmy elephants 2
(Date:4/28/2015)... , and ANN ARBOR, Mich. ... small cohort published OncoTargets and Therapy today ... better than Foundation Medicine,s FoundationOne test across a number ... clinically actionable biomarker targets. The purpose of ... commercially available NGS platforms for profiling cancer patients compared ...
(Date:4/28/2015)... DE (PRWEB) April 28, 2015 The ... organizations that work together to lower barriers to innovation ... Ontologies Mapping project. , The Ontologies Mapping project ... establish best practices for ontology management in life sciences ... a set of standardized guidelines, tools and services to ...
(Date:4/28/2015)... (PRWEB) April 28, 2015 More than ... psychosis at some point over the course of their ... symptoms that worsen as the disease progresses. ReachMD ... announces the launch of a series dedicated to PD ... in PD, movement disorders, and psychiatric conditions. , The ...
(Date:4/28/2015)... According to a 2013 report from the American ... from burn injuries per year. Despite several advances in ... scars with subsequent contractures remains a major problem in ... no adequate treatment. Contractures are a permanent tightening of ... permanent deformity. , Synedgen has developed a new ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Paradigm Cancer Diagnostic Test (PCDx) Performed Better Than FoundationOne In Side by Side Clinical Study 2Paradigm Cancer Diagnostic Test (PCDx) Performed Better Than FoundationOne In Side by Side Clinical Study 3Pistoia Alliance Announces Start of Ontologies Mapping Project 2ReachMD Launches Series Focusing on Parkinson’s Disease Psychosis 2Synedgen Burn Treatment Results Presented at Premier Wound Conference 2Synedgen Burn Treatment Results Presented at Premier Wound Conference 3
... , LEXINGTON, Ky. , ... based in Lexington, KY announced today that its ... created and characterized the world,s first rat model of severe ... complete lack of the major components of the immune system. ...
... 6 Omnio Healer AB, a pioneer company,developing novel ... has entered into a partnership agreement with Eden,Biodesign. Under ... production services relating to Omnio Healer,s lead,recombinant protein candidate. ... therapeutic concept for wound healing and,anti-infection, Omnio Healer is ...
... WALTHAM, Mass., Aug. 6 Repligen Corporation (Nasdaq: ... 2010, ended June 30, 2009. Total revenue for the quarter ... quarter of fiscal year 2009. The prior year results were ... Company for royalties on the U.S. sales of Orencia(R) prior to ...
Cached Biology Technology:Transposagen Creates a Rat Model of the Human Immune System 2Transposagen Creates a Rat Model of the Human Immune System 3Omnio Healer Selects Eden Biodesign for cGMP Production of its Candidate Wound Healing and Anti-Infection Treatments 2Omnio Healer Selects Eden Biodesign for cGMP Production of its Candidate Wound Healing and Anti-Infection Treatments 3Repligen Reports First Quarter Fiscal Year 2010 Financial Results 2Repligen Reports First Quarter Fiscal Year 2010 Financial Results 3Repligen Reports First Quarter Fiscal Year 2010 Financial Results 4Repligen Reports First Quarter Fiscal Year 2010 Financial Results 5Repligen Reports First Quarter Fiscal Year 2010 Financial Results 6Repligen Reports First Quarter Fiscal Year 2010 Financial Results 7
Human Ig Lambda-chain, clone ICO-16, Monoclonal Antibody...
Rabbit polyclonal to Warfarin ( Abpromise for all tested applications). Antigen: Chemical / Small Molecule conjugated to KLH...
WNV Core Antibody...
... Rabbit polyclonal to FANCM ( Abpromise ... Antigen: Synthetic peptide derived from ... Human FANCM. (Note: the amino acid ... available as ab27787 .) ...
Biology Products: