Navigation Links
'Food of the gods' genome sequence could make finest chocolate better
Date:12/26/2010

The production of high quality chocolate, and the farmers who grow it, will benefit from the recent sequencing and assembly of the chocolate tree genome, according to an international team led by Claire Lanaud of CIRAD, France, with Mark Guiltinan of Penn State, and including scientists from 18 other institutions.

The team sequenced the DNA of a variety of Theobroma cacao, considered to produce the world's finest chocolate. The Maya domesticated this variety of Theobroma cacao, Criollo, about 3,000 years ago in Central America, and it is one of the oldest domesticated tree crops. Today, many growers prefer to grow hybrid cacao trees that produce chocolate of lower quality but are more resistant to disease.

"Fine cocoa production is estimated to be less than 5 percent of the world cocoa production because of low productivity and disease susceptibility," said Guiltinan, professor of plant molecular biology.

The researchers report in the current issue of Nature Genetics "consumers have shown an increased interest for high-quality chocolate made with cocoa of good quality and for dark chocolate, containing a higher percentage of cocoa, while also taking into account environmental and ethical criteria for cocoa production."

Currently, most cacao farmers earn about $2 per day, but producers of fine cacao earn more. Increasing the productivity and ease of growing cacao can help to develop a sustainable cacao economy. The trees are now also seen as an environmentally beneficial crop because they grow best under forest shade, allowing for land rehabilitation and enriched biodiversity.

The team's work identified a variety of gene families that may have future impact on improving cacao trees and fruit either by enhancing their attributes or providing protection from fungal diseases and insects that effect cacao trees.

"Our analysis of the Criollo genome has uncovered the genetic basis of pathways lead
'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Variety of foods -- the key for child nutrition
2. Advance offers revolution in food safety testing
3. Wielding microbe against microbe, beetle defends its food source
4. Food for thought -- regulating energy supply to the brain during fasting
5. World Food Day brings attention to food security around the globe
6. Link possible between pet food contamination and baby formula contamination
7. identiMetrics & BIO-key(R) Provide Biometric Finger Scanning for School Food Service Nationwide
8. Scripps Florida scientists awarded $1.5M to fight major water and food parasites
9. Food allergies: Overestimated and underestimated
10. USAID grant awarded to improve food security in Africa
11. Major conference on food Dec. 1-2, 2008
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
'Food of the gods' genome sequence could make finest chocolate better
(Date:4/2/2015)... , April 2, 2015 ... Q1 2015 attributed to somewhat higher than 125 MSEK. ... the year-end report 2014 that revenues for Q1 2015 ... the company reported for Q4 2014. The operating result ... be negative. The complete interim report will as previously ...
(Date:3/31/2015)... , March 31, 2015   Guidepoint , ... launch of the Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER, part of ... tracking usage trends in the medical device and therapeutics ... to data including treatment volumes, market share, and adoption ... pain associated with joint surgery. The Post-Surgical ...
(Date:3/24/2015)... NexID Biometrics LLC, whose spoof-mitigation technology boosts protection ... beginning of shipments of version 2.0 of its industry ... in Potsdam, N.Y. , is making ... here today at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center. ... boosts the accuracy rate range to 96.5 to 99.5 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Fingerprint Cards Revises Revenues for Q1 2015 2Guidepoint Launches Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER 2Guidepoint Launches Post-Surgical Pain Management TRACKER 3NexID Begins Shipments Of Version 2.0 Fake-Finger-Detection Solution 2
... Organization (EMBO) and the Federation of European Biochemical ... Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research in Basel, ... Women in Science Award. Professor Gasser has been ... stability and epigenetics and her commitment to mentoring ...
... (New York, NY) The Alfred P. Sloan ... outstanding U.S. and Canadian researchers as recipients of Sloan ... fellowships are given to early-career scientists and scholars whose ... next generation of scientific leaders. "Today,s Sloan Research ...
... DETROIT Technology to restore vision through the use ... a Wayne State University professor and scientific director of ... Eye Institute has attracted additional funding for therapy ... grant from their affiliate, National Neurovision Research Institute, to ...
Cached Biology News:Susan M. Gasser to receive the 2012 FEBS/EMBO Women in Science Award 2Sloan Research Fellowships awarded to 126 young scholars 2Wayne State-licensed technology receives grant from the Foundation Fighting Blindness 2
(Date:4/16/2015)... San Francisco, CA (PRWEB) April 16, 2015 ... is scheduled to report first quarter results on Thursday, ... the announcement, Cytokinetics’ senior management will host a conference ... and financial results and the company’s outlook for the ... and can be accessed from the homepage and in ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... 16, 2015 According to the ... an outside source was ranked first among the ... related to lifting, pushing, pulling, holding, carrying, or ... costs. The David Round Company takes statistics like ... working hard to develop and design equipment that ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... 16, 2015  RegeneRx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (OTCQB: RGRX) ... joint venture with G-treeBNT (ReGenTree LLC) has retained ... trial for the orphan disorder, neurotrophic keratopathy (NK), ... eye syndrome (DES) in the U.S.  Both trials ... this year.  Each of these eye disorders was ...
(Date:4/16/2015)... Calif. , April 16, 2015  Scientists from ... "New Drugs on the Horizon," at the American Association ... Philadelphia, PA on Sunday, April 19, 2015 ... Ph.D., Cleave,s Director of Biology, will present new in ... a first-in-class, oral inhibitor of p97, a critical enzyme ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cytokinetics to Announce First Quarter Results on April 30, 2015 2Cytokinetics to Announce First Quarter Results on April 30, 2015 3The David Round Company Helps Companies Meet OSHA Standards by Combining Safety, Ergonomics, and Productivity 2RegeneRx JV Retains Ora, Inc. to Conduct Phase 3 Trial for NK and Phase 2b/3 Trial for Dry Eye Syndrome in U.S. 2RegeneRx JV Retains Ora, Inc. to Conduct Phase 3 Trial for NK and Phase 2b/3 Trial for Dry Eye Syndrome in U.S. 3RegeneRx JV Retains Ora, Inc. to Conduct Phase 3 Trial for NK and Phase 2b/3 Trial for Dry Eye Syndrome in U.S. 4RegeneRx JV Retains Ora, Inc. to Conduct Phase 3 Trial for NK and Phase 2b/3 Trial for Dry Eye Syndrome in U.S. 5Cleave Biosciences to Participate in Special Session "New Drugs on the Horizon" at AACR Annual Meeting 2015 2Cleave Biosciences to Participate in Special Session "New Drugs on the Horizon" at AACR Annual Meeting 2015 3
... 30 Champions,Biotechnology, Inc. (OTC Bulletin Board: CSBR), ... platforms and tumor specific data to,enhance the value ... the fiscal year ended April 30, 2008. Full ... the Company,s Form 10-KSB available at, http://www.championsbiotechnology.com ., ...
... today announced that it has partnered with Green Mountain Energy Company ... total calculated carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions thereby enabling them to operate ... ... Mesa, CA (PRWEB) July 30, 2008 -- Alkemists Pharmaceuticals today announced ...
... announces the following Webcast:, What: Transgenomic Inc. ... Conference Call, When: Wednesday, August ... , How: Live over the Internet -- ... address above., Contact: Investor Relations, ...
Cached Biology Technology:Champions Biotechnology Reports Fiscal 2008 Full-Year Financial Results 2Champions Biotechnology Reports Fiscal 2008 Full-Year Financial Results 3Champions Biotechnology Reports Fiscal 2008 Full-Year Financial Results 4Alkemists Sets The Bar, Becoming a 'Green' Analytical Laboratory 2Alkemists Sets The Bar, Becoming a 'Green' Analytical Laboratory 3