Navigation Links
'Food of the gods' genome sequence could make finest chocolate better
Date:12/26/2010

The production of high quality chocolate, and the farmers who grow it, will benefit from the recent sequencing and assembly of the chocolate tree genome, according to an international team led by Claire Lanaud of CIRAD, France, with Mark Guiltinan of Penn State, and including scientists from 18 other institutions.

The team sequenced the DNA of a variety of Theobroma cacao, considered to produce the world's finest chocolate. The Maya domesticated this variety of Theobroma cacao, Criollo, about 3,000 years ago in Central America, and it is one of the oldest domesticated tree crops. Today, many growers prefer to grow hybrid cacao trees that produce chocolate of lower quality but are more resistant to disease.

"Fine cocoa production is estimated to be less than 5 percent of the world cocoa production because of low productivity and disease susceptibility," said Guiltinan, professor of plant molecular biology.

The researchers report in the current issue of Nature Genetics "consumers have shown an increased interest for high-quality chocolate made with cocoa of good quality and for dark chocolate, containing a higher percentage of cocoa, while also taking into account environmental and ethical criteria for cocoa production."

Currently, most cacao farmers earn about $2 per day, but producers of fine cacao earn more. Increasing the productivity and ease of growing cacao can help to develop a sustainable cacao economy. The trees are now also seen as an environmentally beneficial crop because they grow best under forest shade, allowing for land rehabilitation and enriched biodiversity.

The team's work identified a variety of gene families that may have future impact on improving cacao trees and fruit either by enhancing their attributes or providing protection from fungal diseases and insects that effect cacao trees.

"Our analysis of the Criollo genome has uncovered the genetic basis of pathways lead
'/>"/>

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Variety of foods -- the key for child nutrition
2. Advance offers revolution in food safety testing
3. Wielding microbe against microbe, beetle defends its food source
4. Food for thought -- regulating energy supply to the brain during fasting
5. World Food Day brings attention to food security around the globe
6. Link possible between pet food contamination and baby formula contamination
7. identiMetrics & BIO-key(R) Provide Biometric Finger Scanning for School Food Service Nationwide
8. Scripps Florida scientists awarded $1.5M to fight major water and food parasites
9. Food allergies: Overestimated and underestimated
10. USAID grant awarded to improve food security in Africa
11. Major conference on food Dec. 1-2, 2008
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
'Food of the gods' genome sequence could make finest chocolate better
(Date:7/24/2014)... July 24, 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- The Geneva Healthcare Suite, ... devices, has cut emergency room wait times by an ... (UCSD) Medical Center, according to a recent study published ... Departments are using the suite to access data from ... defibrillators. "Using Geneva,s technology platform we have ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... Invertebrate numbers have decreased by 45% on average over ... doubled, reports a study on the impact of humans ... the enormous benefits invertebrates such as insects, spiders, crustaceans, ... pollination and pest control for crops, decomposition for nutrient ... published in Science and led by UCL, ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... Los Angeles, where electric cars ply silent freeways, solar ... from beneath the earth, from howling winds and from ... finds that it is technically and economically feasible to ... clean, renewable energy. Published in Energy , the ... reliable energy supply in California that could create tens ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):UC San Diego Medical Center Cuts Average ER Wait Time by 92 Minutes using the Geneva Healthcare Suite 2UC San Diego Medical Center Cuts Average ER Wait Time by 92 Minutes using the Geneva Healthcare Suite 3Invertebrate numbers nearly halve as human population doubles 2Invertebrate numbers nearly halve as human population doubles 3Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun 2Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun 3Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun 4
... NY) -- Three researchers at the Albert Einstein College ... Cancer Research Foundation (BCRF). Drs. Thomas Rohan, Susan Horwitz ... in its ongoing effort to support the advancement of ... generosity is its mission, which is to achieve prevention ...
... a Green Revolution in Africa, a renowned group of ... Africa through agricultural productivity. They will cover sustainable agriculture, ... the symposium, The African Green Revolution Takes Shape, on ... room R02 of the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center ...
... Microbes such as bacteria tend to live in complex ... cause more problems for the immune system. Biofilms comprising ... serious chronic infectious diseases such as cystic fibrosis and ... biocorrosion. Yet biofilms also have equal potential ...
Cached Biology News:Einstein researchers receive grants totaling $700,000 for innovative breast cancer research 2Now is Africa's turn for a green revolution, global experts say 2Microbial biofilms evoke Jekyll & Hyde effects 2Microbial biofilms evoke Jekyll & Hyde effects 3
(Date:7/24/2014)... COSTA MESA, Calif. , July 24, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... incredibly close to home. Rehealth Regenerative Therapies , ... offering athletes and other physically active people a new ... . Regardless of age, countless patients suffer ... amateur sport activities, such as muscle tears, torn rotator ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... yet to materialise. Yet, scientists are making progress ... faster. One such approach relies on quantum dotsa ... an electric field. A new study demonstrates that ... dots (TQDs) with electrical impulses can help better ... TQDs be used as quantum information units, which ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... 24, 2014 Your cell phone ... modeling lithium-ion battery storage capacity. , New research ... theoretical model created at Lawrence Livermore National ... predicts how carbon components will perform as electrodes. ... the urgent need for higher-performance batteries. Several key ...
(Date:7/24/2014)... , July 24, 2014  Neogen Corporation (Nasdaq: ... future forecasts of its potential revenue from new rodenticide ... to investors and analysts on July 22, 2014, Neogen,s ... analysts regarding this research. "It was my ... about the potential of a new type of rodenticide, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Stem Cells In Sports Injuries, Joints And Muscular Pain 2Stem Cells In Sports Injuries, Joints And Muscular Pain 3Getting More Life out of Lithium-ion Batteries 2Neogen comments on SenesTech 2
... Md., July 23 SuperArray,Bioscience Corporation announced today ... moved to a brand new facility three times,larger ... its phenomenal,growth over the last few years and ... expression analysis., "We are not just a ...
... amount of retraction needed for surgical ... ... Technology,today announces the market availability of the SlimFuse(TM) Anterior,Cervical Plate System. ... addressing the clinical needs of,anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery., ...
... Del., July 23 More than a third,of ... ) to inquire about the,company,s prescription savings programs ... according to a year-long survey of more than ... of the patients who called,AstraZeneca,s information center regarding ...
Cached Biology Technology:SuperArray Bioscience Changes Name to SABiosciences and Moves Into New Larger Facility on Verge of Tenth Anniversary 2Pioneer(R) Surgical Technology, Inc. Announces the Market Launch of the SlimFuse(TM) Anterior Cervical Plate System 2AstraZeneca Survey: Healthcare Professionals Leading Source of Information on Company's Prescription Savings Programs 2AstraZeneca Survey: Healthcare Professionals Leading Source of Information on Company's Prescription Savings Programs 3
...
Request Info...
Streptomycin sulfate an aminoglycoside used for bacterial selection binds to the small ribosomal subunit and interferes with protein biosynthesis.21H39N7O12)2x3H2SO4Formula weight:...
Adducin beta (C-16)...
Biology Products: