Navigation Links
Fluorescent cancer cells to guide brain surgeons
Date:4/3/2009

Gliomas are malignant brain tumors that arise from glial (supporting) cells of the brain. Gliomas are often resistant to chemotherapy. These tumors grow fine extensions that infiltrate normal brain tissue and, in addition, individual tumor cells can form satellites in surrounding tissue. Therefore, it is almost impossible to remove the tumor tissue completely by surgery.

Yet, radical surgical removal of the tumor would substantially improve the prognosis of patients. Surgeons are confronted with the difficulty of discriminating between tumor tissue and healthy brain tissue during surgery. Dr. Eva Frei of DKFZ, collaborating with doctors and researchers of the Medical Faculty of Heidelberg University, has now developed a method to improve neurosurgery.

The scientists took advantage of the fact that tumors cover their increased energy needs, among other things, by taking up large amounts of the blood protein albumin. The researchers attached a fluorescent substance (5-aminofluorescein) to albumin, which is distributed throughout the body via the bloodstream and eventually accumulates in the brain tumor. Laser light causes the substance to glow and makes the fine extensions of the tumor visible.

"Other contrast agents often fade," says Dr. Eva Frei, "for tumor resection can take five to six hours." The fluorescence marker attached to albumin, however, is visible during the entire operation.

The scientists tested the albumin method in thirteen patients with malignant gliomas. In nine cases it was possible to remove the fluorescent tumor tissue completely thanks to the intensive yellow-green light signal. The researchers calculated that the probability of the glowing tissue being tumor cells is 97 percent.

"Staining is a tremendous help for the surgeon, because he or she can recognize the exact borders between tumor and normal brain tissue, which is normally very difficult," explains Eva Frei. "Another problem is that the tumor often exerts pressure on the meninx so that, when it is opened for surgery, the tumor shifts or changes its shape." The new method takes account of this 'brain shift' effect and makes the effort of intraoperative MRTs unnecessary. Further advantages of the new method are that it is tolerable, inexpensive and easy to apply.

Tolerability and effectiveness of the staining method will be validated next year in a larger study involving several hospitals. The scientists will monitor in a long-term study whether the prognosis of patients will improve as a result of the new method.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr.Sibylle Kohlstdt
s.kohlstaedt@dkfz.de
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Carnegie Mellon scientists develop fluorescent proteins for live cell imaging, biosensor design
2. Fluorescent cells give early warning for eye disease
3. Fluorescent nano-barcodes could revolutionize diagnostics
4. Fantastic photographs of fluorescent fish
5. Researchers create new class of fluorescent dyes to detect reactive oxygen species in vivo
6. Fluorescent proteins illuminating biomedical research
7. Pitt-led researchers create quick, simple fluorescent detector for TB
8. Green tea boosts production of detox enzymes, rendering cancerous chemicals harmless
9. A study by the MUHC and McGill University opens a new door to understanding cancer
10. ESF EURYI award winner aims to stop cancer cells reading their own DNA
11. Protein chatter linked to cancer activation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/5/2017)... Allen Institute for Cell Science today announces the launch ... dynamic digital window into the human cell. The website ... deep learning to create predictive models of cell organization, ... suite of powerful tools. The Allen Cell Explorer will ... resources created and shared by the Allen Institute for ...
(Date:4/3/2017)... , April 3, 2017  Data captured ... engineering platform, detected a statistically significant association ... prior to treatment and objective response of ... potential to predict whether cancer patients will ... treatment, as well as to improve both pre-infusion ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... 29, 2017  higi, the health IT company that ... North America , today announced a Series B ... of EveryMove. The new investment and acquisition accelerates higi,s ... to transform population health activities through the collection and ... higi collects and secures data today on behalf ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/16/2017)... ... June 16, 2017 , ... Cognition Corporation , ... two more sessions of its “From the Helm” Webinar Series. , The ... online templates for design control exercises. Led by David Cronin, Cognition’s CEO, the ...
(Date:6/15/2017)... ... 15, 2017 , ... Cybrexa Therapeutics, a start-up cancer therapeutics ... in the amount of $6 million. An investment vehicle affiliated with HighCape Partners, ... The Series B funding will enable Cybrexa to complete the build-out of its ...
(Date:6/15/2017)... ... 15, 2017 , ... Adam Equipment, a leading provider of ... lab workstation. The guide outlines the procedure in four simple steps, using comprehensive ... anti-vibration table, OIML/ASTM certified weights, and Adam DU specialized software. , A lab ...
(Date:6/14/2017)... USA – , ... ... June 14, 2017 -- Diagenode, a leading global provider ... has licensed a new technology specific for ChIP-sequencing from ... immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) allows the study of ...
Breaking Biology Technology: