Navigation Links
Flies may spread drug-resistant bacteria from poultry operations
Date:3/16/2009

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found evidence that houseflies collected near broiler poultry operations may contribute to the dispersion of drug-resistant bacteria and thus increase the potential for human exposure to drug-resistant bacteria. The findings demonstrate another potential link between industrial food animal production and exposures to antibiotic resistant pathogens. Previous studies have linked antibiotic use in poultry production to antibiotic resistant bacteria in farm workers, consumer poultry products and the environment surrounding confined poultry operations, as well as releases from poultry transport.

"Flies are well-known vectors of disease and have been implicated in the spread of various viral and bacterial infections affecting humans, including enteric fever, cholera, salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis and shigellosis," said lead author Jay Graham, PhD, who conducted the study as a research fellow with Bloomberg School's Center for a Livable Future. Our study found similarities in the antibiotic-resistant bacteria in both the flies and poultry litter we sampled. The evidence is another example of the risks associated with the inadequate treatment of animal wastes."

"Although we did not directly quantify the contribution of flies to human exposure, our results suggest that flies in intensive production areas could efficiently spread resistant organisms over large distances," said Ellen Silbergeld, PhD, senior author of the study and professor in the Bloomberg School of Public Health's Department of Environmental Health Sciences.

Graham and his colleagues collected flies and samples of poultry litter from poultry houses along the Delmarva Peninsulaa coastal region shared by Maryland, Delaware and Virginia, which has one of the highest densities of broiler chickens per acre in the United States. The analysis by the research team isolated antibiotic-resistant enterococci and staphylococci bacteria from both flies and litter. The bacteria isolated from flies had very similar resistance characteristics and resistance genes to bacteria found in the poultry litter.

Flies have ready access to both stored poultry waste and to poultry houses. A study by researchers in Denmark estimated that as many as 30,000 flies could enter a poultry house over the course of six week period.

Additional authors of "Antibiotic-resistant enterococci and staphylococci isolated from flies collected near confined poultry feeding operations" are Lance Price, Sean Evans and Thaddeaus Graczyk. The study is published in the April 2009 issue of Science of the Total Environment.

The research was funded by a grant from the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future.

According to Robert Lawrence, MD, director of the Center for a Livable Future, confined animal feeding operationswhere thousands of animals are crowded together and are fed antibiotics for growth promotioncreate the perfect environment for selection of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics. "Antimicrobials are among the most important developments of the twentieth century in managing infectious diseases in people. We can't afford to squander them by using them as growth promoters in industrial food animal production. The increase in antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a major threat to the health of the public, and policymakers should quickly phase out and ban the use of antimicrobials for non-therapeutic use in food animal production," said Lawrence.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tim Parsons
tmparson@jhsph.edu
410-955-7619
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Fruit flies sick from mating
2. When it comes to sleep research, fruit flies and people make unlikely bedfellows
3. Hind wings help butterflies make swift turns to evade predators, study finds
4. Flies may reveal evolutionary step to live birth
5. Old flies can become young moms
6. Making flies sick reveals new role for growth factors in immunity
7. Painful heat sensed by painless in flies
8. Old before their time? Aging in flies under natural vs. laboratory conditions
9. Brain tweak lets sleep-deprived flies stay sharp
10. Courtship pattern shaped by emergence of a new gene in fruit flies
11. Monarch butterflies help explain why parasites harm hosts
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/16/2017)... FRANCISCO , Feb. 16, 2017  Genos, ... today announced that it has received Laboratory Accreditation ... CAP Accreditation is presented to laboratories that meet ... who demonstrate scientifically rigorous processes. "Genos ... excellence in laboratory practices. We,re honored to be ...
(Date:2/10/2017)... , Feb 10, 2017 ... new report "Personalized Medicine - Scientific and Commercial Aspects" ... ... personalized medicine. Diagnosis is integrated with therapy for selection of ... on early detection and prevention of disease in modern medicine. ...
(Date:2/8/2017)... NEW YORK , Feb. 7, 2017 Report ... ... and should reach $11.4 billion by 2021, growing at a ... Report Includes - An overview of the global markets for ... from 2015, estimates for 2016, and projections of compound annual ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:3/22/2017)... Florida , March 22, 2017 ... ... various cancer conditions are being pressured as of late due ... for cancer pain management has a dramatic impact on patient,s ... research and development activities for identifying new forms of opioid ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... March 21, 2017 , ... Premier executive recruitment firm, Slone Partners, ... Firm by Hunt Scanlon Media. , Hunt Scanlon Media is one of ... referenced global news source in the human capital sector. , “It is a great ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... March 21, 2017 , ... ... on Kickstarter , more than tripling its goal and raising over $30,000 in ... vertical garden that grows nutritious veggies & herbs fast, easy, and affordably, anywhere. ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... ... , ... The Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) strongly opposes the proposed ... fiscal year 2018 budget request. , This proposal calls for a ... roughly 20% of its total budget. If applied proportionally across NIH, funding for the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: