Navigation Links
First estimate of total viruses in mammals
Date:9/2/2013

To address the challenges of describing and estimating virodiversity, a team of investigators from CII and EcoHealth Alliance began in jungles of Bangladesh -- home to the flying fox. These bats are the largest flying mammal with a wingspan of up to 6 feet; they are also the source of several outbreaks of Nipah virus. The team collected 1,897 biological samples from the animals, which were captured and released. Back in the lab, they used polymerase chain reaction to identify 55 viruses in nine viral families. Of these, only five were previously known, including two human bocaviruses, an avian adenovirus, a human/bovine betacoronavirus, and an avian gammacoronavirus. Another 50 were newly discovered, including 10 in the same family as Nipah. Next the researchers adapted a statistical technique from the field of ecology to estimate that there were another three rare viruses unaccounted for in the samples, upping the estimate of viruses in the flying fox to 58. Finally, this number was extrapolated to all 5,486 known mammals, yielding a total of at least 320,000 viruses.

A Relative Bargain

The researchers then repeated the exercise for cost, extrapolating from an estimated $1.2 million for surveillance, sampling, and discovery of all 58 flying fox viruses to come up with a total of $6.3 billion for all mammals. Given the disproportionate cost of discovering rare viruses, they showed that limiting discovery to 85% of estimated viral diversity would bring the cost down to $1.4 billion.

"By contrast, the economic impact of the SARS pandemic is calculated to be $16 billion," says Dr. Anthony. "We're not saying that this undertaking would prevent another outbreak like SARS. Nonetheless, what we learn from exploring global viral diversity could mitigate outbreaks by facilitating better surveillance and rapid diagnostic testing."

"If we know what's out there, we'll be a lot better prepared when a virus jumps over into a human pop
'/>"/>

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3 4

Related biology news :

1. 23andMe conducts the first genetic study of non-syndromic striae distensae (stretch marks)
2. First update in a century in testing drugs for elemental impurities
3. BluStor Introduces the Worlds First Platform to Protect the Full Stream of Mobile Security: Device, User, And Data
4. Elsevier launches first video journal in gastrointestinal endoscopy
5. Mount Sinai researchers develop first successful laboratory model for studying hepatitis C
6. Nice organisms finish first: Why cooperators always win in the long run
7. First human tests of new biosensor that warns when athletes are about to hit the wall
8. U of M researchers unveil nations first porcine virus rapid detection test
9. A first in front line immunity research
10. First global atlas of marine plankton reveals remarkable underwater world
11. Registration is Open for First Ever Mushrooms and Health Summit
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/11/2014)... Research and Markets , ... http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/9ql3kr/biometrics_market ) has announced the addition of the ... to their offering. One major ... of multimodal biometric systems. Multimodal biometric systems utilize ... verification and identification purposes. This helps to reduce ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... 10, 2014  Data Sciences International (DSI), the ... a new series of digital telemetry implants to ... M series, part of the PhysioTel™ Digital platform, ... possible physiologic data when incorporating functional endpoints into ... to toxicology studies has evolved from short ECG ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... 9, 2014  Valencell, a leader in performance biometric ... staggering demand from its licensees for highly accurate, clinically ... not solely coming from fitness and health sectors, but ... "A wearable is only as useful as the biometric ... ultimate driver in long-term mass consumer adoption of wearable ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Biometrics Market in India 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2New telemetry implants expected to change how large animal toxicology studies are conducted 2Wearable Technology Products Demand Highly Accurate Biometric Technology 2
... cancer,has been announced by Agilent Technologies. The company ... advance of microarray-based,comparative genomic studies in cancer. According ... issue of the Proceedings of the,National Academy of ... Research Institute, Agilent has developed a specialised,microarray platform ...
... in life science and drug development : only "lucrative","markets" ... very promising drugs candidates or related research get canned,because ... if millions would have,been saved worldwide. The usual strategy ... that affect a "profitable" disease in addition to the,"non-profitable" ...
... "nano" - cancer detection using nanoparticles and MRI (magnetic ... one of the most important parts of the,work up ... the most appropriate treatment. And an essential part of ... been lymphatic spread. Current,methods include surgical removal of nodes ...
Cached Biology News:Breakthrough Microarray-based Technology for the Study of Cancer 2Finding Cures For Tropical Diseases: Is Open Source An Answer? 2Imaging Lymph Nodes with Nanoparticles 2
(Date:12/22/2014)... - RepliCel Life Sciences Inc. (OTCQB: REPCF) (TSX.V: RP), ... development of autologous cell therapies, announced today the publication ... in conjunction with co-authors from Kyoto University and the ... ongoing clinical research using dermal sheath cup (DSC) cells ... The paper entitled " Hair Follicle Dermal Stem Cells ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... 2014 The American Journal ... original research, reviews and editorials addressing developments and ... today published a provocative article exploring the role ... and potential treatment of prostate cancer. , ... proposes the possibility that there could be a ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Charm Sciences is pleased to announce that its ... M1 in raw commingled milk is the first lateral ... peer reviewed report of the validation by Technology and ... Fisheries Research (ILVO-T&V) has been published by the Taylor ... toxic aflatoxin and a known carcinogen, can be passed ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... CITY, Calif. , Dec. 19, 2014 Bina ... , USA) announced today that they have been acquired ... 1,2 is a privately held company that provides ... of next generation sequencing (NGS) data for the academic ... the Roche Sequencing Unit, and will continue to focus ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Newly Released Peer-Reviewed Publication Further Validates RepliCel's Use of Dermal Sheath Cup Cells to Treat Pattern Baldness 2Newly Released Peer-Reviewed Publication Further Validates RepliCel's Use of Dermal Sheath Cup Cells to Treat Pattern Baldness 3Newly Released Peer-Reviewed Publication Further Validates RepliCel's Use of Dermal Sheath Cup Cells to Treat Pattern Baldness 4Newly Released Peer-Reviewed Publication Further Validates RepliCel's Use of Dermal Sheath Cup Cells to Treat Pattern Baldness 5Prostate Cancer Experts Dissect the Role of Follicle-stimulating Hormone in the Development, Progression and Potential Treatment of Prostate Cancer 2Prostate Cancer Experts Dissect the Role of Follicle-stimulating Hormone in the Development, Progression and Potential Treatment of Prostate Cancer 3Prostate Cancer Experts Dissect the Role of Follicle-stimulating Hormone in the Development, Progression and Potential Treatment of Prostate Cancer 4Charm Sciences Achieves Independent Validation of First 15 Minute Quantitative Screening Method for Aflatoxin M1 2Bina Technologies is acquired by Roche. 2Bina Technologies is acquired by Roche. 3
... image of the carotid arteries that supply blood to the ... of Michigan Health System are using the system to diagnose ... Wire. Milwaukee GE Healthcare ... give physicians a non-invasive view of the heart and blood ...
... Finance Committee rejected Governor Jim Doyle's proposal for a 5 ... a plan to charge consumers for their music, book, art, ... turned down by the budget review panel. , ,After much ... entertainment called by some detractors the "iPod tax" ...
... your card in an ATM in San Francisco, the system ... But if you find yourself in an emergency room you'll ... series of tests because your medical record is a piece ... technology baffles users with ever-growing capabilities, including instant global transfer ...
Cached Biology Technology:GE Healthcare launches new medical scanner, places another in hospitals 2GE Healthcare launches new medical scanner, places another in hospitals 3Finance Committee rejects extra tax on Internet buys 2Finance Committee rejects extra tax on Internet buys 3Physician mindset slows adoption of electronic health records 2Physician mindset slows adoption of electronic health records 3Physician mindset slows adoption of electronic health records 4
... 2D polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) with biological ... core technology platform for proteomic analysis. 2D-PAGE ... samples limited only in the dynamic range ... proteins. Quantitative image based analysis of separated ...
... recombinant 177 amino acid polypeptide sequence corresponding ... MT1-MMP. Produced by activation of a ... E. coli periplasm. SPECIFIC ACTIVITY:The specific ... 140 mU/mg, where 1 U is the ...
Human interferon-beta (IFN-beta). Recognizes amino acids 30-47 of IFN-beta. No cross-reactivity with Human IFN-alpha or IFN-gamma....
Acetate Plate Sealers 100/Box...
Biology Products: