Navigation Links
Faulty proteins may prove significant in identifying new treatments for ovarian cancer

PORTLAND, Ore. -- A constellation of defective proteins suspected in causing a malfunction in the body's ability to repair its own DNA could be the link scientists need to prove a new class of drugs will be effective in treating a broad range of ovarian cancer patients, an Oregon Health & Science University Knight Cancer Institute study found.

These research results, published this week in PLoS ONE, have prompted additional exploration into whether the patient population included in clinical trials for drugs that target the enzyme poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) should be expanded. Several forms of cancer are more dependent on PARP for their growth than regular cells, which means that targeting these enzymes when they go haywire is a potentially effective way to treat ovarian cancer. Currently PARP inhibitors are being tested with patients who have two types of malfunctioning proteins, BRCA1 or BRCA2. But, the OHSU Knight Cancer Institute study of additional proteins, beyond BRCA proteins, suggests that they too are playing a role in driving ovarian cancer.

Tapping into the potential of PARP inhibitors could change the dynamics of ovarian cancer treatment. There has not been a substantial increase in treatment options for ovarian cancer in the past two decades, said Tanja Pejovic, M.D., Ph.D., gynecologic oncologist at the OHSU Knight Cancer Institute. Pejovic, who led the study of these additional defective proteins, added that the results provide evidence that further research into the role of multiple proteins is warranted.

Only about 10 to 15 percent of women with ovarian cancer have BRCA 1 or BRCA 2 mutations.

Pejovic's study of 186 patients with nonhereditary cancer found that 41 percent who had an early recurrence of the disease also had abnormal levels of the other proteins tracked. In contrast, only 19.5 percent of patients who hadn't yet had a recurrence of the disease in three years had abnormal levels of these proteins.

"If we are able to identify the proteins that differentiate these patients at risk for early recurrence, this would open up a new direction in ovarian cancer treatment," Pejovic said.

Contact: Elisa Williams
Oregon Health & Science University

Related biology news :

1. Faulty molecular switch can cause infertility or miscarriage
2. Faulty gene linked to disorders of sexual development
3. Faulty clean-up process may be key event in Huntingtons disease
4. Penn scientists pioneer new method for watching proteins fold
5. Lets do the twist: Spiral proteins are efficient gene delivery agents
6. Control by the matrix: RUB researchers decipher the role of proteins in the cell environment
7. Cellular processing of proteins found in Congolese child birthing tea now revealed
8. Targeted antibacterial proteins may offer antibiotic alternative
9. New technique enables study of challenging proteins
10. So many proteins, so much promise
11. Exercise before and during early pregnancy increases two beneficial proteins for mothers-to-be
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/9/2015)... 2015  Synaptics Inc. (NASDAQ: SYNA ), the ... entry into the automotive market with a comprehensive and ... of consumer electronics human interface innovation. Synaptics, industry-leading touch ... the automotive industry and will be implemented in numerous ... , Japan , and ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... 29, 2015  The J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) ... Synthesis and Biosecurity: Lessons Learned and Options for the ... and Human Services guidance for synthetic biology providers has ... --> --> Synthetic biology ... potential to pose unique biosecurity threats. It now is ...
(Date:10/29/2015)... , October 29, 2015 ... authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce ... announces that StackCommerce, a leading marketplace to discover ... the Wocket® smart wallet on StackSocial for this ... ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), a biometric authentication company ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... -- Symic, a clinical-stage biotherapeutics company developing multiple compounds that ... that it has secured $25 million in a Series ... lead candidates SB-030 and SB-061. The financing was led ... existing major investors, as well as several new investors. ... Symic to over $43 million since being founded in ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... Austin, Texas (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... In his new post, VerMilyea will oversee all IVF lab procedures as ... analysis and fertility preservation. , “We traveled 7,305 miles to Auckland, New Zealand to ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Global Stem Cells Group today ... Santiago Marriott. The Global Stem Cells Group GMP facility is equipped with the ... medical researchers and practitioners, experienced in administering stem cell protocols using highly manipulated ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Partnership includes an MPP licen ... niversity , s Solid Drug Nanoparticle (SDN) Technology ... up through cost cuts of priority ... licensees based anywhere in the world will have the right to make, use and ... , where licensees based anywhere in the world will have the right to make, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: