Navigation Links
Farm management choice can benefit fungi key to healthy ecosystems
Date:9/13/2010

Farming practices have a significant impact on the diversity of beneficial microbial fungi known to play important roles in crop productivity, soil recovery and maintenance of healthy ecosystems, according to new research published today (14 September 2010) in the journal Environmental Microbiology. The conclusions could have important implications for the way humans manage the agricultural landscape and tackle food security issues.

The study was led by Dr Christopher van der Gast at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH), UK and Dr Gary Bending from the University of Warwick, UK.

The research team investigated the distribution of important arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), at nine arable and horticultural farms in England, with soil collected from both organically and conventionally managed fields at each farm.

The results of the study indicate that farm management has a significant impact on AMF richness, with organic farming shown to promote higher diversity relative to conventional farming.

AMF are a vital component of terrestrial ecosystems, representing a dominant microbial group in most soil habitats. Within the soil AMF form a mutually beneficial relationship with plant roots that is known to have a major impact on above ground ecology and productivity. Previously AMF distribution in space and time, like many microbes that dominate the biodiversity of soils, was poorly understood.

Lead author Dr Christopher van der Gast, an environmental microbiologist at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, said, "Our research demonstrates that the way humans manage the landscape can play a key role in determining the distribution of microbial communities at both the local and regional scales."

AMF community composition reflected strains adapted to both local soil conditions and the specific management practice imposed. The findings suggest that conventional management practices dampened local difference
'/>"/>

Contact: Barnaby Smith
bpgs@ceh.ac.uk
44-792-029-5384
Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. High testosterone levels linked to self-destructive CEO behavior, says Management Science
2. Clinical management of osteoporosis to be focus of Singapore meeting
3. New research to improve management of harmful algal blooms in Puget Sound
4. NOAA report reviews ecosystem management in national marine sanctuaries
5. Management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis
6. Tall fescue toxicosis and management
7. Importance of insulin delivery devices for diabetes management
8. Genetically engineered crops benefit many farmers, but the technology needs proper management to remain effective
9. Registered dietitians play essential role in management of gastric bypass patients
10. Spray application rate, equipment affect pest management in greenhouse ivy plants
11. New research shows fishery management practices for beluga sturgeon must change
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/30/2014)... England Journal of Medicine reports positive results of ... against the subset of lung cancer marked by rearrangement ... 50 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer testing ... 72 percent, with 3 complete responses and 33 partial ... for the disease to resume its growth after being ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... German . ... foods in the world. Because they grow underground, people use ... smell of truffles is not only of interest to gourmets. ... of the Goethe University Frankfurt have discovered that the smell ... are trapped inside truffle fruiting bodies. , White truffles from ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... it comes to using marijuana, new research, involving mice ... Journal of Leukocyte Biology , suggests ... that you should. That,s because a team of Italian ... do serious long-term damage to the immune system. This ... diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):NEJM: Crizotinib effective in Phase 1 trial against ROS1 lung cancer 2On the trail of the truffle flavor 2Adolescent exposure to thc may cause immune systems to go up in smoke 2
... in German . , Jena/Leipzig. For ... extended cultivation of energy crops. Scientists have now developed ... comparing the effectiveness of strategies for the reduction of ... leads to problems to biological diversity in agrarian regions. ...
... 2012  The Intellectual Property & Science division of ... information for businesses and professionals, today announced the ... the life sciences market, a new initiative aimed ... information through application-specific solutions developed with third-party partners. ...
... With more than 1.7 million people sustaining a traumatic ... to limit inflammation and subsequent damage is critical. Approximately ... leaving 85,000 with long-term disabilities and taking the lives ... live with disabilities caused by traumatic brain injuries, often ...
Cached Biology News:How the ecological risks of extended bioenergy production can be reduced 2How the ecological risks of extended bioenergy production can be reduced 3Thomson Reuters Launches Life Sciences Partner Ecosystem to Drive Collaborative R&D Drug Processes 2Estrogen hormone reveals protective ability after traumatic brain injury 2
(Date:10/1/2014)... California (PRWEB) October 01, 2014 ... the National Science Foundation to expand their bioCAD/CAM software ... build and modify DNA. The Small Business Innovation Research ... the “j5” technology under exclusive license from the Lawrence ... Joint BioEnergy Institute , an LBNL laboratory that develops ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... September 30, 2014 Applying a well-known optical ... at Harvard University has demonstrated the ability to ... work that holds promise for making future, flexible ... the sides of next-gen rocket ships and spacecraft ... passes through oil in water, it becomes iridescent, ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Shimadzu Scientific Instruments has released ... highly precise tool for measuring displacement in rubber ... 1000-mm maximum movement distance, the DSES-1000 can measure ... length of 10 mm. In addition, it achieves ... stroke and within +/- 100 µm below 50-mm ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... , Sept. 30, 2014  RegeneRx Biopharmaceuticals, ... announced that it has received a Canadian Patent ... Actin-Sequestering Peptides.  This patent includes claims using thymosin ... other actin-sequestering peptides for these purposes.  The patent ... RegeneRx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. ( www.regenerx.com ) ...
Breaking Biology Technology:TeselaGen Receives $750k NSF SBIR Phase II Award 2TeselaGen Receives $750k NSF SBIR Phase II Award 3Taking thin films to the extreme 2Shimadzu’s New Long-Travel Extensometer Increases Precision for Soft Material Testing 2RegeneRx Receives Canadian Patent for Inhibition or Reversal of Skin Aging 2
... from North Carolina State University shows that size plays ... hollow nanoparticles. The researchers focused on nickel nanoparticles, which ... applications in fields as diverse as energy production and ... potential for nanofabrication the creation of materials that ...
... push the boundaries of nanoscience, the Kavli Institute at Cornell ... new ideas, but a proving ground to aggressively push the ... named Paul McEuen, the Goldwin Smith Professor of Physics, as ... engineering physics, will serve as co-director. The institute ...
... Choi of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Stevens ... the 2010 Young Investigator Program (YIP) award by the ... scientists and engineers who show exceptional promise for creative ... young outstanding scientists and engineers," said ONR,s Director of ...
Cached Biology Technology:Study shows that size affects structure of hollow nanoparticles 2Under new leadership, Kavli Institute at Cornell evolves from a think tank to a proving ground 2Dr. Chang-Hwan Choi honored with prestigious Young Investigator Award 2Dr. Chang-Hwan Choi honored with prestigious Young Investigator Award 3
...
...
... Comments: Ab-1 stains tumor cells of embryonal ... type of germ cell tumors like seminoma. Glandular ... are positive. Luminal and endocrine cells of stomach ... breast are also positive. Epitope: Carbohydrate ...
TP-1 (NDOG1)...
Biology Products: