Navigation Links
Factors from common human bacteria may trigger multiple sclerosis

Farmington, CT Current research suggests that a common oral bacterium may exacerbate autoimmune disease. The related report by Nichols et al, "Unique Lipids from a Common Human Bacterium Represent a New Class of TLR2 Ligands Capable of Enhancing Autoimmunity," appears in the December 2009 issue of The American Journal of Pathology.

Multiple sclerosis (MS), a disease where the immune system attacks the brain and spinal cord, affects nearly 1 in 700 people in the United States. Patients with multiple sclerosis have a variety of neurological symptoms, including muscle weakness, difficulty in moving, and difficulty in speech.

Porphyromas gingivalis, a common oral bacterium in humans, produces a unique type of lipid, phosphorylated dihydroceramides (DHCs), which enhance inflammatory responses. These lipids are also likely produced by bacteria found in other parts of the body including the gastrointestinal tract. To determine if these lipids accentuate immune-mediated damage in autoimmune disease, researchers led by Robert B. Clark and Frank C. Nichols of the University of Connecticut Health Center administered phosphorylated DHCs in a mouse model of MS. The severity of disease was significantly enhanced by the addition of these lipids in a manner that was dependent on activation of the immune system. These data suggest that phosphorylated DHCs from bacteria commonly found in humans may trigger or increase the severity of autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis.

The authors state that "while it is clear that the immune system in most individuals has the potential to attack self-tissues, the "tipping" factors that initiate and propagate autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis in only a subset of individuals remain unknown. Overall, [their] results represent the first description that phosphorylated DHCs derived from common human bacteria are capable of enhancing autoimmune disease." Thus, these lipids may function as "tipping" factors, playing a previously unrecognized role in initiating or exacerbating human autoimmune diseases. In future studies, Dr. Clark and colleagues plan to characterize the effects of phosphorylated DHCs on specific cells of the immune system and to identify how and where these lipids are deposited in tissues throughout the body. In addition to the role of these lipids in triggering and worsening MS, the authors believe that phosphorylated DHCs may have the potential to serve both as new markers of MS disease activity and as new targets for therapeutic intervention.


Contact: Angela Colmone
American Journal of Pathology

Related biology news :

1. Scientists show that mitochondrial DNA variants are linked to risk factors for type 2 diabetes
2. St. Jude finds factors that accelerate resistance to targeted therapy in lymphoblastic leukemia
3. Human embryonic stem cells remain embryonic because of epigenetic factors
4. Largest study to investigate risk factors of autism to begin enrolling families
5. Stowers Institutes Hawley Lab identifies factors responsible for restart of meiotic cycle
6. NIA uses Genomatix in stem cell research, suggests novel transcription factors for stemness
7. Research examines factors in delaying or declining total knee replacement surgery
8. International team identifies 21 new genetic risk factors for Crohns disease
9. Sociological research shows combined impact of genetics, social factors on delinquency
10. U of T discovers environmental factors linked to sex ratio of plants
11. Advances in the field of schizophrenia research: New genetic factors identified
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/27/2015)... -- Munich, Germany , October ... automatically maps data from mobile eye tracking videos created ... that they can be quantitatively analyzed with SMI,s analysis ... , October 28-29, 2015. SMI,s Automated Semantic Gaze ... tracking videos created with SMI,s Eye Tracking Glasses ...
(Date:10/26/2015)... India , October 26, 2015 ... --> adds ... 2015 to 2021 as well as ... 2015-2019 research reports to its collection ... . --> ...
(Date:10/26/2015)... Calif. , Oct. 26, 2015  Delta ID ... biometric authentication to mobile and PC devices, announced its ... smartphone, the arrows NX F-02H launched by NTT DOCOMO, ... NX F-02H is the second smartphone to include iris ... technology in ARROWS NX F-04G in May 2015, world,s ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... , Dec. 1, 2015  Symic, a clinical-stage ... the extracellular matrix (ECM), today announced that it has ... advance the company,s pipeline, including its lead candidates SB-030 ... and includes the participation by all existing major investors, ... brings the total capital raised by Symic to over ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015 Dr. Harry Lander , President of Regen, ... Chief Science Officer and recruits five distinguished ... , President of Regen, expands his role to include ... recruits five distinguished scientists to join advisory team ... his role to include serving as Chief ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... Matthew “Tex” ... new post, VerMilyea will oversee all IVF lab procedures as well as ... fertility preservation. , “We traveled 7,305 miles to Auckland, New Zealand to bring home ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Global Stem Cells Group Chile ... Central America and abroad for the first Iberoamerican Convention on Aesthetic Medicine, Cosmetology ... Testart will present and discuss new trends in anti-aging stem cell treatments, regenerative ...
Breaking Biology Technology: