Navigation Links
Facial expressions of emotion are innate, not learned, says new study
Date:12/28/2008

SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 29, 2008 -- Facial expressions of emotion are hardwired into our genes, according to a study published today in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. The research suggests that facial expressions of emotion are innate rather than a product of cultural learning. The study is the first of its kind to demonstrate that sighted and blind individuals use the same facial expressions, producing the same facial muscle movements in response to specific emotional stimuli.

The study also provides new insight into how humans manage emotional displays according to social context, suggesting that the ability to regulate emotional expressions is not learned through observation.

San Francisco State University Psychology Professor David Matsumoto compared the facial expressions of sighted and blind judo athletes at the 2004 Summer Olympics and Paralympic Games. More than 4,800 photographs were captured and analyzed, including images of athletes from 23 countries.

"The statistical correlation between the facial expressions of sighted and blind individuals was almost perfect," Matsumoto said. "This suggests something genetically resident within us is the source of facial expressions of emotion."

Matsumoto found that sighted and blind individuals manage their expressions of emotion in the same way according to social context. For example, because of the social nature of the Olympic medal ceremonies, 85 percent of silver medalists who lost their medal matches produced "social smiles" during the ceremony. Social smiles use only the mouth muscles whereas true smiles, known as Duchenne smiles, cause the eyes to twinkle and narrow and the cheeks to rise.

"Losers pushed their lower lip up as if to control the emotion on their face and many produced social smiles," Matsumoto said. "Individuals blind from birth could not have learned to control their emotions in this way through visual learning so t
'/>"/>

Contact: Nan Broadbent
nbroadbe@sfsu.edu
415-338-7108
San Francisco State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Scientists find facial scars increase attractiveness
2. Researchers study facial structures, brain abnormalities to reveal formula for detection of autism
3. Researchers discover gene for branchio-oculo-facial syndrome
4. VeriFinger 6.0 SDK for Fingerprint Recognition and VeriLook 3.2 SDK for Facial Recognition are Now Available
5. Pixelplus Unveils Its PM1002 as A Practical Biometric Solution for Iris, Facial and Fingerprint Recognition
6. Facial attraction -- choice of sexual partner shaped the human face
7. Old and young brains rely on different systems to remember emotional content
8. New Study Reveals the Emotional Impact and Effectiveness of Negative Campaigning
9. Emotion and scent create lasting memories -- even in a sleeping brain
10. Pictures of hot fudge sundaes arouse: Understanding emotions improves our food choices
11. How can we measure the emotional states of animals?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Facial expressions of emotion are innate, not learned, says new study
(Date:9/19/2014)... regulate their symbiotic relationship with soil bacteria by ... plant structure from leaves into the roots to ... roots. This collaborative study was conducted by researchers ... Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), and the ... , Legumes, an important plant family which ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... GSA Bulletin study uses tree rings to document ... Wash in northern New Mexico, USA. By determining burial ... investigators were able to precisely date arroyo sedimentary beds ... data with aerial imagery, LiDAR, longitudinal profiles, and repeat ... Arroyos are deep, oversized channels that have vertical or ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... Colo., USA Miranda, a small, icy moon of ... enigmatic bodies in the solar system. Despite its relatively ... of intense resurfacing that resulted in the formation of ... polygonal-shaped regions called coronae. , These coronae are ... at least 200 km across. Arden corona, the largest, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):For legume plants, a new route from shoot to root 2Tree rings and arroyos 2Tree rings and arroyos 3Tree rings and arroyos 4Tree rings and arroyos 5Tree rings and arroyos 6Tree rings and arroyos 7Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 2Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 3Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 4Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 5Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 6Miranda: An icy moon deformed by tidal heating 7
... LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Warmer, drier summers and extreme weather ... especially troublesome - possibly fatal - for walnut trees, ... years, Douglass Jacobs, a professor of forestry and natural ... Jacobs who is now a research scientist in the ...
... effects of climate warming on biodiversity pose a serious conservation ... Science .,Marine life may need to relocate faster than ... timing of major life cycle events. This challenges previous thinking ... than species on land because of slower warming in the ...
... of Cambridge study, which set out to investigate DNA methylation ... lifestyle and our health, has now mapped the link in ... collected greatly benefits a field that is still in its ... the researchers were, even 18 months ago. Researcher ...
Cached Biology News:Walnut trees may not be able to withstand climate change 2No plain sailing for marine life as climate warms 2No plain sailing for marine life as climate warms 3Environment and diet leave their prints on the heart 2
(Date:9/18/2014)... /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- DeepResearchReports.com adds "2014 Deep Research Report ... "2014 Deep Research Report on Global and China ... Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140918/147058 ... and China Acetic Acid Industry" is a professional ... and Global Acetic Acid Market. The ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... 18, 2014 On Tuesday, Secretary of ... Jim Risch for National Lab Day on the Hill. ... the national laboratory system. Durbin and Risch also formally ... increase awareness of the reach of the national labs ... to address some of our nation's most pressing challenges. ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... TX (PRWEB) September 18, 2014 ... a FM-4910 listed material, to stay competitive in ... These high-performance materials ultimately impact product quality ... President and owner. , Established in 1980 in ... strong as many fabricators have left the business. ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... 2014 Mapi, société créée à ... été depuis 40 ans l,un des pionniers ... par des évaluations recentrées sur le patient ... économiques des traitements. Logo - ... cours d,une récente conférence téléphonique avec l,ensemble ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Acetic Acid Market & Sodium Stannate Industry (China, Global) Research Report 2Acetic Acid Market & Sodium Stannate Industry (China, Global) Research Report 3Acetic Acid Market & Sodium Stannate Industry (China, Global) Research Report 4Lab Day Highlight Labs' Contribution to U.S. Competitiveness and Innovation 2Lab Day Highlight Labs' Contribution to U.S. Competitiveness and Innovation 3Leatherwood Plastics Selects Vycom’s Flametec PVC-C Material to Stay Competitive in Semiconductor and Lab Equipment Industries 21974 - 2014 - Mapi fête ses 40 ans 2
... Business Today ... to Change to VRGE, PLANTATION, Fla., Sept. 4 Viragen,International, ... Bulletin Board: VRAI), today announced that a one for,forty (1:40) reverse ... at the close of business today, September 4, 2007. The ...
... American Oriental,Bioengineering, Inc. (NYSE: AOB ), a ... in China, today,announced that the Company will attend the ... 10, 2007 in Shenzhen, China as well as,the 3rd ... Murray,Carret & Co. on September 11, 2007 in Beijing, ...
... N.J., Sept. 4 Osteotech, Inc.,(Nasdaq: OSTE ... the repair,of the musculoskeletal system, announced today that ... present an overview,of the Company,s strategic direction and ... York Investor Conference. Mr. Owusu-Akyaw is,scheduled to present ...
Cached Biology Technology:Viragen International to Reverse Split Its Common Stock 2Viragen International to Reverse Split Its Common Stock 3American Oriental Bioengineering Announces Participation in September Investor Conferences 2
...
... Kits synthesize RNA probes with specific activities ... High specific activity, single-stranded RNA probes are ... hybridization, and blot hybridizations. MAXIscript Kits can ... modest amounts of unlabeled RNA (2-4 g/20ul ...
Can be used for the quantitative recovery of small amounts of nucleic acids within dilute solutions. 5mg/ml...
... liquid controls for monitoring Aldolase tests. ... abnormal) with targeted manufacturing values at ... ± 3 IU/L. 30-day shelf ... 2-8 C. Level 1: 3 x ...
Biology Products: