Navigation Links
Extreme weather threatens rich ecosystems
Date:3/30/2012

Extreme weather such as hurricanes, torrential downpours and droughts will become more frequent in pace with global warming. Consequently, this increases the risk for species extinction, especially in bio diverse ecosystems such as coral reefs and tropical rainforests.

Human impact means that flora and fauna become extinct at a rate 100 times higher than normal. Climate change has been deemed as one of the main causes of species depletion.

A research team in theoretical biology at Linkping University in Sweden has, through the use of mathematical modelling and simulation, studied how the dynamics of different types of ecosystems may be affected by significant environment fluctuations.

Linda Kaneryd, doctoral student and lead author of a study recently published in the journal, Ecology and Evolution, says the results were surprising.

"Several previous studies of food web structures have suggested that species-rich ecosystems are often more robust than species-poor ecosystems. However at the onset of increased environmental fluctuations, such as extreme weather, we see that extreme species-rich ecosystems are the most vulnerable and this entails a greater risk for a so-called cascading extinction."

In a rainforest or on coral reef there are a wide variety of species of primary producers such as green plants and algae. Since they are competitors, relatively few individuals of the same species exist, subjecting them to a greater risk of extinction should external conditions change. This could result in a depletion of food sources for a species of herbivores that, in turn, affects a predator at the top of the food chain. Biologists call this transformation a cascading extinction.

The opposite would apply to an ecosystem whereby few species exist in large numbers and animal species are adaptable generalists.

The researchers create their model food webs following on from their experiences with real ecosystems; what eats what, the composition of the species' life cycles, and how they interact with others. In this study, external conditions are represented as an increasing and unpredictable variation.

"The model we worked with is quite typical. The next step is to introduce actual, detailed climatic data," informs Bo Ebenman, Professor of Theoretical Biology who supervised Linda Kaneryds thesis.


'/>"/>
Contact: Bo Ebenman
boebe@ifm.liu.se
46-730-242-901
Linkping University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Vegetation hardly affected by extreme flood events
2. Extreme nature helps scientists design nano materials
3. Extreme weather postpones the flowering time of plants
4. Geoscientists discuss sea level rise, extreme storm events and more
5. Genome projects launched for three extreme-environment animals
6. Treatment for extreme nausea, vomiting during pregnancy
7. Scientists track chemical changes in cells as they endure extreme conditions
8. Extreme genes shed light on origins of photosynthesis
9. First metallic nanoparticles resistant to extreme heat
10. Extremes of sleep related to increased fat around organs
11. Road salt and cars produce extreme water contamination in Frenchmans Bay, UTSC research reveals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/11/2016)... -- According to new research from Acuity Market Intelligence, ... fingerprint, iris, and eye-vein biometric smartphones have been ... This includes market leaders Apple, Samsung, Huawei, Xiaomi, ... 600 million biometric smartphones are currently in use ... Maxine Most , Acuity Market Intelligence Principal, ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... LIVERMORE, Calif. , Feb. 11, 2016  Vigilant Solutions ... commercial LPR data are being used by Lee,s ... residents, including the recent location and arrest of a homicide ... Lee,s Summit covers around 65 square miles and ... Police Department has a single mobile license plate ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... February 10, 2016 ... to 2016 iris recognition market report, combined ... is more widely accepted for border control. ... fingerprint and iris recognition technology in a ... avoid purchasing two individual biometrics devices. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... dedicated to delivering cutting-edge information focused on the development and manufacture of ... become a premier sponsor of the 2016 BioProcess International Awards – Recognizing ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group, ... Bankok,Thailand-based Global Stem Cells Network (GSCN) to distribute exosome injection and other biological ... Mexico, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Colombia, Argentina, Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Venezuela, Peru, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016 NX Prenatal ... its proprietary NeXosome® technology for early warning of ... its most recent study by Dr. Thomas ... the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine,s (SMFM) annual meeting ... 1-6 th , 2016.  The presentation reported initial ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016  Matchbook, Inc., ... for fast growing biotech companies, announced today the ... Procurement Strategic Advisor. Jim brings nearly 25 years ... and procurement, having spent nearly two decades in ... Chain/Logistics and Procurement at Genzyme and, most recently ...
Breaking Biology Technology: