Navigation Links
Extreme weather threatens rich ecosystems
Date:3/30/2012

Extreme weather such as hurricanes, torrential downpours and droughts will become more frequent in pace with global warming. Consequently, this increases the risk for species extinction, especially in bio diverse ecosystems such as coral reefs and tropical rainforests.

Human impact means that flora and fauna become extinct at a rate 100 times higher than normal. Climate change has been deemed as one of the main causes of species depletion.

A research team in theoretical biology at Linkping University in Sweden has, through the use of mathematical modelling and simulation, studied how the dynamics of different types of ecosystems may be affected by significant environment fluctuations.

Linda Kaneryd, doctoral student and lead author of a study recently published in the journal, Ecology and Evolution, says the results were surprising.

"Several previous studies of food web structures have suggested that species-rich ecosystems are often more robust than species-poor ecosystems. However at the onset of increased environmental fluctuations, such as extreme weather, we see that extreme species-rich ecosystems are the most vulnerable and this entails a greater risk for a so-called cascading extinction."

In a rainforest or on coral reef there are a wide variety of species of primary producers such as green plants and algae. Since they are competitors, relatively few individuals of the same species exist, subjecting them to a greater risk of extinction should external conditions change. This could result in a depletion of food sources for a species of herbivores that, in turn, affects a predator at the top of the food chain. Biologists call this transformation a cascading extinction.

The opposite would apply to an ecosystem whereby few species exist in large numbers and animal species are adaptable generalists.

The researchers create their model food webs following on from their experiences with real ecosystems; what eats what, the composition of the species' life cycles, and how they interact with others. In this study, external conditions are represented as an increasing and unpredictable variation.

"The model we worked with is quite typical. The next step is to introduce actual, detailed climatic data," informs Bo Ebenman, Professor of Theoretical Biology who supervised Linda Kaneryds thesis.


'/>"/>
Contact: Bo Ebenman
boebe@ifm.liu.se
46-730-242-901
Linkping University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Vegetation hardly affected by extreme flood events
2. Extreme nature helps scientists design nano materials
3. Extreme weather postpones the flowering time of plants
4. Geoscientists discuss sea level rise, extreme storm events and more
5. Genome projects launched for three extreme-environment animals
6. Treatment for extreme nausea, vomiting during pregnancy
7. Scientists track chemical changes in cells as they endure extreme conditions
8. Extreme genes shed light on origins of photosynthesis
9. First metallic nanoparticles resistant to extreme heat
10. Extremes of sleep related to increased fat around organs
11. Road salt and cars produce extreme water contamination in Frenchmans Bay, UTSC research reveals
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/28/2017)... PUNE, India , March 28, 2017 ... (Analog, IP, Biometrics), Hardware (Camera, Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), ... Maintenance), Vertical, and Region - Global Forecast to 2022", ... 30.37 Billion in 2016 and is projected to reach ... 15.4% between 2017 and 2022. The base year considered ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... DUBLIN , Mar 24, 2017 Research ... Vehicle Access System Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to ... ... poised to grow at a CAGR of around 15.1% over the ... This industry report analyzes the market estimates and forecasts for ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... 21, 2017   Neurotechnology , a provider ... today announced the release of the SentiVeillance ... improved facial recognition using up to 10 surveillance, ... computer. The new version uses deep neural-network-based facial ... it utilizes a Graphing Processing Unit (GPU) for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... WonderWorks, Myrtle Beach’s ... showcase the future of deep space exploration and inspire space enthusiasts. The exhibit ... and includes a guest appearance by former Shuttle Astronaut Don Thomas. , The ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... LABS, Inc. (LABS) announced ... added to its extensive test menu: Nucleic Acid Testing (NAT) for ZIKV; and Enzyme ... only able to offer NAT screening for blood donors under an Investigational New Drug ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... NextSteps 2017, NetDimensions’ annual global ... this May on the following dates: , ?    London, UK from May 10-11, ... Learning and Performance Institute will be the opening keynote speaker at the ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... , April 26, 2017  Genisphere LLC, ... platform, has signed a collaborative and sponsored research ... Silvia Muro . The overall goal of ... pharmacodynamics of various 3DNA designs and formulations after ... targeting diseases of the vasculature as well as ...
Breaking Biology Technology: