Navigation Links
Exposure to lead, tobacco smoke raises risk of ADHD
Date:11/22/2009

CINCINNATI -- Children exposed prenatally to tobacco smoke and during childhood to lead face a particularly high risk for ADHD, according to research done at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

The study estimates that up to 35 percent of ADHD cases in children between the ages of 8 and 15 could be reduced by eliminating both of these environmental exposures. This could translate into up to 800,000 children

"Tobacco and lead exposure each have their own important adverse effect," says Tanya Froehlich, M.D., a physician in the Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics at Cincinnati Children's and the study's lead author. "But if children are exposed to both lead and prenatal tobacco, the combined effect is synergistic."

The study is to be published online Nov. 23 by Pediatrics.

"Although we tend to focus on ADHD treatment rather than prevention, our study suggests that reducing exposures to environmental toxicants might be an important way to lower rates of ADHD," says Robert Kahn, MD, MPH., a physician and researcher at Cincinnati Children's and the study's senior author.

The researchers found that children exposed prenatally to tobacco smoke were 2.4 times more likely to have ADHD. Those with blood lead levels in the top third had a 2.3 fold increased likelihood of ADHD, despite levels well below the Centers for Disease Control action level of 10 micrograms per deciliter. Dr. Froehlich and her colleagues found the risk of ADHD more than eight times higher for children exposed to both tobacco and lead compared to unexposed children.

The study is based on data of 8 to 15 years olds gathered between 2001 and 2004 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from the National Center for Health Statistics at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NHANES is a nationally representative sample of the United State population, designed to collect information about the health and diet of people in the U.S.

Prenatal tobacco exposure was measured by maternal reports of cigarette use during pregnancy. Lead exposure was assessed using current blood lead level. Some 8.7 percent of the 3,907 children in the study met diagnostic criteria for ADHD. The diagnosis for ADHD was based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, considered the "gold standard" for defining specific mental health conditions.


'/>"/>

Contact: Nick Miller
nicholas.miller@cchmc.org
513-803-6035
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Meth exposure in young adults leads to long-term behavioral consequences
2. UCR engineers to develop new tool to measure how environmental exposures affect health
3. Researchers developing device to predict proper light exposure for human health
4. Nanoparticle exposures happen, says expert
5. Time spent in car drives up air pollution exposure
6. MIT: Prenatal arsenic exposure detected in newborns
7. Moderate prenatal exposure to alcohol and stress in monkeys can cause touch sensitivity
8. Low exposure to asbestos-like mineral from Montana vermiculite may up lung disease risk
9. Exposure to low levels of radon appears to reduce the risk of lung cancer, new study finds
10. Early exposure to common weed killer impairs amphibian development
11. OSU study shows exposure to bad air raises blood pressure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/15/2016)... DUBLIN , Dec 15, 2016 ... Research and Markets has announced ... to their offering. The report forecasts the global military ... 2016-2020. The report has been prepared based on an ... market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years. The report ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... 2016  There is much more to innovative access ... engine. Continental will demonstrate the intelligence of today,s solutions ... . Through the combination of the keyless entry and ... elements, the international technology company is opening up new ... "The integration of biometric elements brings our ...
(Date:12/12/2016)... , Dec. 12, 2016  Researchers at ... possibilities for graphene by combining the material with ... highly sensitive pressure detector able to sense pulse, ... a small spider.  The research ... can be read here:  http://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6317/1257 ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/21/2017)... , ... January 21, 2017 , ... ... endeavors to bring to market a pioneering medical device for the treatment of ... an engagement contract with Emergo, a global regulatory consultancy that helps companies like ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... , ... The two newest companies to join the University City Science Center’s ... from The Wistar Institute, and Sanguis, launched by a trio of students from the ... Vironika is developing a treatment for a chronic viral infection and its associated diseases, ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2014-2022" report to their ... Cancer ... reach $15,737 million by 2022 from $6,521 in 2015, growing at ... Omic technologies segment accounted for more than half of the revenue ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... software solutions for pharmaceutical research and development (R&D), today announced the launch ... data analysis and interpretation for the rapidly evolving field of precision medicine. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: