Navigation Links
Experts prove the geochemical origin of part of the CO2 emissions in semiarid climates
Date:3/27/2008

The implementation of the Kyoto Protocol has raised, among other pressing matters, the need of getting to know the annual levels of carbon in different earths ecosystems. Scientists connected with the CEAMA-Andalusian Centre for the Environment (University of Granada-Andalusian Council) are studying these levels in semiarid Mediterranean scrubland, situated in Eastern Andalusia, whose results are comparable to wide regions of the world.

These researchers have analysed for the first time the CO2 level in carbonated semiarid systems. The interest of the work lies in the knowledge of the CO2 production processes and their absorption and in the conservation of one of the richest ecosystems of Spain.

One of the most recent studied on the subject is the doctoral thesis CO2 interchanges between atmosphere and karst ecosystems: Applicability of the commonly applied techniques, read by Penlope Serrano Ortiz and led by Doctors Andrew S. Kowalski and Lucas Alados Arboledas.

The work, supported by the Carbon and water balance in Mediterranean thicket ecosystems in Andalusia: Effect of the climatic change project, has permitted to quantify and identify the processes involved in carbon annual balance in a semiarid carbonated substrate ecosystem, situated in Sierra de Gdor (Almeria). After three years of observation of this ecosystem (2004-2006), through the use of the most advanced techniques (attached photo), have permitted to estimate the annual carbon balance. The carbon balance of this type of ecosystem has been checked for the first time, revealing that it acts as a CO2 drain which assimilates approximately 25 g C m-2 a year (between 10 and 20 times lower than arable land and tree ecosystems respectively).

Extreme climate

What is the meaning of this in an area characterized by a scrubland vegetation and a dry climate" Up to now, when it came to devise measures to prevent climatic change, they used to value tree ecosystems especially; that is the origin of the emphasis made in the reforestation and forestation of neglected agricultural land. But little attention had been paid to other ecosystems, such as the thicket ecosystem object of this study, which represents more than half the forest area of Andalusia (where a great part of the biological diversity of the Mediterranean ecosystems gathers together).

In that respect, besides defining the CO2 assimilation capacity of the studied thicket area, Serranos thesis has proved how rain distribution conditions the functional nature of the studied ecosystem and how the duration of the drought period and, therefore, the water content, determinates the duration of the CO2 geochemical emissions, through soil ventilation.

It proves that CO2 production is not only related to vegetation, but also to geochemical emissions which increase in dry seasons.

The hypothesis formulated in this work -says Serrano- is that the emissions are a consequence of a ventilation phenomenon of the carbonated systems macro-pores, which appear to be connected with wind speed. In this line, certain studies on degasification phenomenon in caves and turbulent CO2 interchanges with the atmosphere, carried out by Sergio Snchez Moral and Soledad Cuezva Robleo (Spanish Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC) in the Altamira Cave, endorse the theory of the existence of CO2 geochemical flows in ecosystems situated in karst substrate.

Politics and ecology

CO2 is one of the main greenhouse gases which contributes to the rise of earths temperature. Serrano Ortizs study is the first one focused on carbonated semiarid ecosystems and has proved that they act as CO2 drains, due to the action of the thickets, and as CO2 geochemical generators in dry periods (especially worrying if we reach the temperature rise predicted by climatic change models). His work provides data of C (carbon) flows in key ecosystems for biodiversity conservation, as well as for the negotiations related to CO2 emissions.


'/>"/>

Contact: Penlope Serrano Ortiz
penelope@ugr.es
34-958-242-928
Universidad de Granada
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Leading experts cite poor health and nutrition as major barrier to education in developing world
2. Improving science, technology in Africa is aim as G-8, African, UN experts convene in Berlin
3. Less Arctic ice means higher risks, experts warn
4. Soil, conservation experts to reflect on Hurricane Katrina disaster
5. Now is Africas turn for a green revolution, global experts say
6. Agriculture experts meet in Beijing to examine impacts of food prices and climate change on farmers
7. Experts from Stevens, Merck, publish joint paper, Biosynthetic Studies of Platensimycin
8. Internationally recognized experts presents a complete overview on hydroecology and ecohydrology
9. Leading researchers and experts gather to discuss latest advancements in drug discovery
10. LSU professors work to improve efficiency of ethanol fuel
11. Understanding hypertension in African Americans proves elusive
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Experts prove the geochemical origin of part of the CO2 emissions in semiarid climates
(Date:1/11/2017)... 11, 2017  Michael Johnson, co-founder of Visikol Inc. a company ... has been named to the elite "Forbes 30 Under 30" list ... 600 people in 20 fields nationwide to be recognized as a ... applicants were selected. ... He is currently a PhD candidate at Rutgers University. ...
(Date:1/6/2017)... 5, 2017  Delta ID Inc., a leader in ... for automotive at CES® 2017. Delta ID has collaborated ... demonstrate the use of iris scanning as a secure, ... driver in a car, and as a way to ... Delta ID and Gentex will demonstrate (booth ...
(Date:1/3/2017)... 2017 Onitor, provider of digital health technology ... an innovative biometric data-driven program designed to aid weight ... the 2017 Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in ... U.S., the World Health Organization (WHO), have identified lifestyle ... who are overweight or obese. WHO also states that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... the full spectrum of drug and device development, and Prism Clinical Research ... and clinicians, today announced Verified Clinical Trials (VCT) has been selected ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... BETHESDA, Md. , Jan. 18, 2017  Northwest ... company developing DCVax® personalized immune therapies for operable and ... Marnix Bosch , Chief Technical Officer of NW Bio, ... Thursday, January 19, 2017, at the Hyatt Regency Hotel ... Dr. Bosch will chair the session entitled "New Therapeutic ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan. 18, 2017 BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company) (NYSE: ... that it will host a live webcast of its Annual Meeting ... The webcast can be accessed from the BD ... through Tuesday, January 31, 2017. ... About BD BD is a global medical ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... According to a new market research report "In situ Hybridization Market by Technique ... Diagnostic Laboratories, Academic and Research Institutions) - Global Forecast to 2021" published by ... USD 557.1 Million in 2016, growing at a CAGR of 5.8%. ... ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
Breaking Biology Technology: