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Date:10/29/2013

ns might influence carbon cycling and carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, grasslands and rangelands account for approximately 50 percent of such areas and provide forage for livestock and native herbivores, habitat for native flora and fauna, watersheds for rural and urban uses, ecosystem goods and services, areas for recreation, and potentially for renewable and nonrenewable energy sources as well.

Kirsten Hofmockel from Iowa State University will combine the DOE JGI's high-throughput sequencing capabilities and EMSL's cell sorting technologies to conduct a large-scale comparative analysis of soil microbial communities. With an eye toward linking microbial community dynamics to ecosystem-scale biogeochemical models, the samples come from a study comparing four bioenergy cropping systems being conducted at Iowa State University's South Reynoldson Farm. Among the goals of this project is to develop novel labeling and cell sorting approaches to shed light on the structure and function of carbon cycling microbial communities within soil and to identify key soil carbon cycling organisms and their relationship with other community members and soil characteristics.

Another CSP 14 project, led by Marc Libault of the University of Oklahoma explores a single cell type model, the root hair cell, to advance our understanding of the response of soybean and sorghum plants to various environmental stresses.

Two other carbon cycling projects involve the study of cyanobacteria. Matthias Hess at Washington State University-Tri Cities will build off the DOE JGI's pioneering work in filling in gaps in the tree of life through the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea (GEBA) pilot project and a recent spin-off focused specifically on

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
925-296-5643
DOE/Joint Genome Institute
Source:Eurekalert  

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