Navigation Links
Evolutionary kings of the hill use good, bad and ugly mutations to speed ahead of competition
Date:6/30/2011

EAST LANSING, Mich. Evolutionary adaptation is often compared to climbing a hill, and organisms making the right combination of multiple mutations both good and bad can become the king of the mountain.

A new study published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B by BEACON researchers at Michigan State University suggests that the combined effect of multiple mutations working together can speed up this process. Through computer simulations, researchers at BEACON, a National Science Foundation-funded Science and Technology Center at MSU, were able to watch evolution play out and see how populations use these combinations to evolve from one adaptive state to another.

Traditional molecular biology approaches allow researchers to look only at so many genes at once. In comparison, computer simulations can process a bigger set of mutations and analyze them consecutively, offering a much more complex and more realistic view of how evolution works in real life, said Bjorn Ostman, postdoctoral researcher at BEACON.

"In reality, many mutations that affect different traits interact with each other, and a single mutation also can affect multiple traits," he said. "Multiple mutations may actually cooperate to give the organism a bigger boost in fitness than the individual mutations would on their own."

Recent evolutionary experiments look at a relatively short period of adaptation where only beneficial mutations occurred. Taking a different approach, Ostman and the team did not focus solely on beneficial mutations. Bad mutations as well as the ones needed to overcome them can actually interact with beneficial mutations to enable organisms to achieve high fitness being able to survive and reproduce at a high rate and cross valleys of low fitness, sometimes even accelerating evolution.

"We were able to examine multiple peaks and valleys rather than focus solely on how a population climbs a single peak," Ostman said. "These fitness landscapes simply could not be traversed with mutations that did not interact."


'/>"/>

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@ur.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Illuminating biology: An evolutionary perspective
2. Revealing the evolutionary history of threatened sea turtles
3. Details of evolutionary transition from fish to land animals revealed
4. Genetic based human diseases are an ancient evolutionary legacy
5. Flies may reveal evolutionary step to live birth
6. Evolution in action: Our antibodies take evolutionary leaps to fight microbes
7. Scientists uncover evolutionary keys to common birth disorders
8. Evolutionary process more detailed than previously believed, study shows
9. Dinosaur fossils fit perfectly into the evolutionary tree of life
10. Singapore-US scientists first to develop revolutionary microchip that uses 30 times less energy
11. Pubic hair provides evolutionary home for gorilla lice
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 The report "Gesture Recognition ... Biometric), Industry, and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... a CAGR of 29.63% between 2017 and 2022. ... ... ...
(Date:3/22/2017)... Calif. , March 21, 2017 ... analytics company serving law enforcement agencies, announced today the ... as director of public safety business development. ... diversified law enforcement experience, including a focus on the ... In his most recent position, Mr. Sheridan served as ...
(Date:3/13/2017)... 2017 Future of security: Biometric Face Matching software  ... ... DERMALOGs Face Matching enables to match face pictures against each other or ... individuals. (PRNewsFoto/Dermalog Identification Systems) ... "Face Matching" is the fastest software for biometric Face Matching on the market. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2017)... ... April 27, 2017 , ... Volunteers supported by ... researchers, engineers, and industry professionals in visiting U.S. Congressional offices in Washington, D.C., ... the world photonics industry. , This year, National Photonics Initiative (NPI) ...
(Date:4/27/2017)... 27, 2017  Kinexum, a distinguished resource for research, ... the appointment of Thomas C. Seoh as ... M.D., Kinexum founder, who becomes Executive Chairman and will ... clients. Thomas Seoh commented, "I ... mission and lead the firm,s remarkable team of life ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... Led by ex-FDA official ... trials comes to Tampa, San Francisco and Boston in 2017. The 2016 ... organizations such as Pfizer Inc., Teva Pharmaceuticals, Advaxis, Inc., Ocular Therapeutix Inc., Cell ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... NextSteps 2017, NetDimensions’ annual global ... this May on the following dates: , ?    London, UK from May 10-11, ... Learning and Performance Institute will be the opening keynote speaker at the ...
Breaking Biology Technology: