Navigation Links
Evidence for 'food addiction' in humans
Date:7/11/2011

07/07/11, Clearwater Beach, FL. Research to be presented at the upcoming annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB), the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, suggests that people can become dependent on highly palatable foods and engage in a compulsive pattern of consumption, similar to the behaviors we observe in drug addicts and those with alcoholism.

Using a questionnaire originally developed by researchers at Yale University, a group of obese men and women were assessed according to the 7 symptoms recommended by the American Psychiatric Association to diagnose substance dependence (e.g., withdrawal, tolerance, continued use despite problems), with questions modified by replacing the word food for drugs within the questions. Based on their responses, individuals were classified as 'food addicts' or non-addicts, and then the two groups were compared in three areas relevant to conventional addiction disorders: clinical co-morbidities, psychological risk factors, and abnormal motivation for the addictive substance.

While 'food addicts' did not differ from non-addicts in their age or body weight (controlled for height), they displayed an increased prevalence of binge-eating disorder and depression, and more symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. They also were characterized by more impulsive personality traits, were more sensitive or responsive to the pleasurable properties of palatable foods, and were more likely to 'self-soothe' with food. "These results strongly reinforce the view that food addiction is an identifiable condition with clinical symptoms, and is characterized by a psycho-behavioral profile that is similar to conventional drug-abuse disorders," said Dr. Davis. "The results also deliver much needed human support for the growing evidence of sugar and fat addiction in experimental animal research," she added. "These findings advance our search for clinically relevant subtypes of obesity that may possess different biological and psychological vulnerabilities to environmental risk factors. This type of information will help us develop personalized treatment approaches for those who struggle with overeating and escalating weight gain."


'/>"/>

Contact: Jamie Price
jamie@spltrak.com
312-238-9068
Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Genetic evidence for avian influenza movement from Asia to North America via wild birds
2. Mounting evidence shows health benefits of grape polyphenols
3. New evidence that people make aspirins active principle -- salicylic acid
4. Evidence of the Lost World -- did dinosaurs survive the end Cretaceous extinctions?
5. University of Leicester archaeologist uncovers evidence of ancient chemical warfare
6. New study provides further evidence that apple juice can delay onset of Alzheimers disease
7. New lab evidence suggests preventive effect of herbal supplement in prostate cancer
8. DNA evidence is in, newly discovered species of fish dubbed H. psychedelica
9. Polar research reveals new evidence of global environmental change
10. Evidence of earliest known domestic horses found in Kazakhstan
11. Researchers find the earliest evidence of domesticated maize
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/9/2016)... Feb. 9, 2016 Vigilant Solutions announces today that ... (LPR) to develop a lead in a difficult homicide case. ... data to locate the suspect vehicle. Due to the ongoing ... have been omitted at the agency,s request. ... explains, "Our victim was found deceased at an intersection here ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... GOTHENBURG, Sweden , February 4, 2016 ... Revenues amounted to SEK 1,351.5 M (105.0), up 1,187% compared with fourth ... Operating profit amounted to SEK 517.6 M (loss: 30.0). Earnings ... from operating activities was SEK 537.4 M (neg: 74.7). , ... , Revenues amounted to SEK 2,900.5 M (233.6), up 1,142% ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... , Feb. 2, 2016  BioMEMS ... are primarily focused on medical screening and ... point-of-care parameters. Wearable devices that facilitate and ... freedom of movement are being bolstered through ... human biomedical signal acquisition coupled with wireless ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/9/2016)... 9, 2016 This market research report on ... future prospects of the market in terms of revenue ... engaged in the manufacture of microbiology culture media and ... a market snapshot providing the overall information of various ... This section also provides the overall information and data ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... Three-Year Initiative Supports Next Generation of Medical Geneticists and  ... Experiences SHPG ) ... of children born with rare diseases, as well as the future ... a new initiative designed to positively affect the lives of children ... disease care. --> To mark the company,s founding 30 ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... , Feb. 9, 2016 ... Inhibitors-Pipeline Insights, 2016", report provides in depth ... development activities around the Protein-Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B ... product profiles in various stages of development ... II, Phase III and Preregistration. Report covers ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... PLYMOUTH MEETING, Pa. , Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... place of standard bone cement products to prevent infection ... a question that the experts at ECRI Institute have ... Cement: Fighting Infection or Fighting Your Bottom Line?" ... or Fighting Your Bottom Line?" --> ...
Breaking Biology Technology: