Navigation Links
Eve Marder to receive the $500,000 Gruber Neuroscience Prize
Date:6/10/2013

Eve Marder, PhD, a professor of neuroscience at Brandeis University, is the recipient of the 2013 Neuroscience Prize of The Gruber Foundation. Marder is being honored with this prestigious international award for her pioneering contributions to the understanding of neural circuits, particularly how the properties and dynamics of neural circuits give rise to specific behaviors.

The award will be presented to Marder in San Diego on Nov. 10 at the 43rd annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

"Eve Marder has made a number of remarkable and groundbreaking discoveries that have fundamentally changed our understanding of how neural circuits operate and produce behavior," says Carol Barnes, chair of the Selection Advisory Board to the Neuroscience Prize. "She has also been an exceptional leader outside the laboratory, working tirelessly to bring people together to improve scientific research, policy, and education."

Marder's seminal discoveries about neural circuits have arisen from her research on a very small nervous system, the stomatogastric ganglion (STG) of lobsters and crabs. The STG system controls the rhythmic muscle contractions that grind and move food through the crustaceans' gut, and is considered similar to the neural circuits that control breathing and other rhythmic functions in humans. Early in her career, Marder revealed that the STG was not "hard-wired" to produce a single pattern of output, but that it was a remarkably plastic circuitry that could change both its parameters and function in response to various neuromodulators while still maintaining its morphologic connectivity. This discovery marked a paradigm shift in how scientists viewed the architecture and function of neural circuits, including those in the human brain. It revolutionized the study of neuromodulators.

Marder is also recognized for helping to pioneer the expansion of theoretical neuroscience, which uses computational and mathematical tools to quantify what nervous systems do and how they operate. She collaboratively developed a major experimental tool known as the dynamic clamp, which allows scientists to introduce mathematically modeled synaptic or other conductances into biological neurons. The device is now used worldwide for the study of neural systems at the cellular and circuitry levels.

More recently, Marder's research has focused on how neural circuits maintain stability, or homeostasis, over long periods of time despite constantly reconfiguring themselves. This research has broad implications for the study of many neurological diseases linked to dysfunctional neural circuitry, such as schizophrenia, depression, epilepsy, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and chronic pain.

"So much of what we know about the complexity and flexibility of the mechanisms used by neural circuits to impact behavior can be traced directly back to Marder's landmark research," says Erwin Neher, Nobel Laureate and member of the Selection Advisory Board to the Neuroscience Prize. "She has had a tremendous impact across the field of neuroscience, and is very much deserving of this award."


'/>"/>

Contact: A. Sarah Hreha
info@gruber.yale.edu
203-432-6231
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. In search for a vaccine, IU biologist receives $2.3 million to explore chlamydia genomics
2. WHOI researchers, collaborators receive $1.4 million grant to study life in oceans greatest depths
3. Renowned geneticist R. Rodney Howell receives ACMG Foundation Lifetime Achievement Award
4. UF receives $1 million from Keck Foundation to study mechanisms of inherited disease
5. Gladstone scientist Warner C. Greene receives Washington University School of Medicine Alumni Award
6. Carnegies Wolf B. Frommer receives Bogorad Award for Excellence in Plant Biology
7. UC Riverside plant cell biologist receives top scientific honor
8. UC Riverside receives grant for global health and development research
9. Washington University receives $8 million to lead international childhood malnutrition effort
10. SRI Sarnoffs Iris on the Move® N-Glance™ Identification System Receives Lenel Factory Certification
11. SF State biology department receives $1.5 million to support science teaching
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/17/2016)... , March 17, 2016 ABI Research, ... forecasts the global biometrics market will reach more ... 118% increase from 2015. Consumer electronics, particularly smartphones, ... fingerprint sensors anticipated to reach two billion shipments ... Dimitrios Pavlakis , Research Analyst at ABI ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... , March 14, 2016 NXTD ... growing mobile commerce market, announces the airing of a new ... starting the week of March 21 st .  The commercials ... including its popular Squawk on the Street show. --> ... on the growing mobile commerce market, announces the airing of ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... , March 11, 2016 ... market research report "Image Recognition Market by Technology (Pattern ... and Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises and Cloud), by ... 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is expected ... USD 29.98 Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... WEDI, the nation’s leading authority on ... that Charles W. Stellar has been named by the WEDI Board of Directors as ... As an executive leader with more than 35 years of experience in healthcare, association ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016   MedyMatch Technology Ltd ., the ... intelligence, real-time decision support tools in the emergency room, announced ... 2016 Israeli Advanced Technology Industries (IATI) BioMed Conference. ... 15th National Life Sciences and Technology Week, and ... Intercontinental Hotel in Tel Aviv, Israel . ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... 2016 , ... PrecisionAg® Media has released its latest White ... paper outlines the key trends that are creating both opportunities and challenges for ... of highs and lows as the precision agriculture market has grown and matured ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... ... and services based in Aurora, Ohio, has broken ground on a new building ... Research Triangle Park area, this new location solidifies a commitment to business in ...
Breaking Biology Technology: