Navigation Links
Eutrophication makes toxic cyanobacteria more toxic
Date:12/6/2010

Continued eutrophication of the Baltic Sea, combined with an ever thinner ozone layer, is favouring the toxic cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena, reveals research from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

"There are several species of cyanobacteria, or blue-green algae, that can form surface blooms in the Baltic Sea," explains Malin Mohlin from the University of Gothenburg's Department of Marine Ecology. "Which species ends up dominating a bloom depends partly on how they deal with an increased amount of UV light and a shortage of nutrients. Nodularia spumigena is most toxic when there is little nitrogen in the water but sufficient amounts of phosphorus."

As a result, wastewater treatment processes that concentrate on removing nitrogen can make cyanobacterial blooms more toxic. Wastewater therefore needs to be cleared of both nitrogen and phosphorus.

Mohlin's research shows that Nodularia spumigena can be expected to be most toxic at the beginning of a bloom in July. At that time there is generally more phosphorus than nitrogen in the water, and the cyanobacteria have not yet to float to the surface but are found deeper in the water where they have not yet been exposed to UV light.

Surface blooms of cyanobacteria, which are a type of phytoplankton, have increased in both frequency and magnitude in the Baltic Sea in recent decades, and researchers are divided on the cause. Some put it down to eutrophication an excess of nutrients in the water caused by human emissions of nitrogen and phosphorus over the past 150 years. Others have studied the Baltic Sea's bottom sediment and argue that this is a natural phenomenon that has been ongoing for more than 7,000 years and is due instead to climate variations.

Different species of nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria bloom at different times. Aphanizomenon species tend to bloom from May to June, but from July to August the toxic species Nodularia spumigena normally dominates for as long as the surface water is warm and still.

The toxin it produces is called nodularin and is a hepatotoxin a toxin that attacks the liver. Livestock and dogs around the Baltic Sea have died after consuming large quantities of toxic water during blooms.


'/>"/>

Contact: Malin Mohlin
malin.mohlin@marecol.gu.se
46-031-786-2954
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Researchers call for nitrogen and phosphorus reductions to combat eutrophication in aquatic systems
2. MU scientist develops salmonella test that makes food safer, reduce recalls
3. Supercomputer makes it possible to develop a Brazilian Global Climate System Model
4. Humidity makes gecko feet stickier
5. Genomic haircut makes worlds tiniest genome even smaller: UBC research
6. Pitt/Iowa team finds cellular structural molecule can be toxic: Makes pneumonia worse
7. Neuronal diversity makes a difference, says Carnegie Mellon study
8. What makes a good egg and healthy embryo?
9. Selenium makes more efficient solar cells
10. Why (smart) practice makes perfect
11. New retrieval method makes studying cancer proteins easier
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Eutrophication makes toxic cyanobacteria more toxic
(Date:3/30/2017)... -- On April 6-7, 2017, Sequencing.com will host the world,s ... at Microsoft,s headquarters in Redmond, Washington ... health and wellness apps that provide a unique, personalized ... is the first hackathon for personal genomics and the ... the genomics, tech and health industries are sending teams ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... -- The report "Video Surveillance Market by ... Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), and Service (VSaaS, Installation ... 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market was valued at ... reach USD 75.64 Billion by 2022, at a CAGR ... considered for the study is 2016 and the forecast ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... -- The report "Gesture Recognition and Touchless Sensing Market by Technology ... Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be worth ... and 2022. Continue Reading ... ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... ... of Common Lisp (CL) development tools, and market leader for Semantic Graph ... performance enhancements now available within the most effective system for developing and deploying ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... Leaders of Quorum Review ... be featured in multiple sessions at this week’s Association of Clinical Research Professionals ... best practices in clinical research. , "We are excited to present subject matter expertise ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The University ... first round funding to three startups through the UConn Innovation Fund. The $1.5 ... business startups affiliated with UConn. , The UConn Innovation Fund provides investments of ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... ... April 20, 2017 , ... As ... webinar will explore challenging patient cases when screening for direct oral anticoagulant. When ... be a need for bridging parental anticoagulation especially for those at high risk ...
Breaking Biology Technology: