Just about everyone agrees that sustainability cutting energy use, reducing carbon emissions and, in general, keeping the Earth green is a good thing. But why do we think that? Do we support sustainability for the right reasons?
These are among the questions that Michigan State University's Michael Nelson addresses in a paper published this month in the journal Bioscience titled "Sustainability: Virtuous or Vulgar?"
Specifically, Nelson and co-author John Vucetich of Michigan Technological University argue that the issue of ethics is a vital component in the teaching and research of sustainability, but one that is sorely lacking.
"This debate," they write, "has almost entirely neglected a fundamental dimension of sustainability the ethical dimension. Lack of attention to the ethical dimension of sustainability is stifling progress toward sustainability."
Or, as Nelson puts it: "If we don't know where we're going, we won't know when we get there."
Nelson said that from the educational perspective, it's important that all aspects of sustainability are covered.
"Everything we do sends messages to our students," he said. "We see our students as people who will go out and do important things in this world. It's important how we nurture that."
The ultimate question, the authors say, is this: "Do we care about ecosystem health because ecosystems are intrinsically valuable, or do we care about ecosystem health because it serves human interests?"
While a question such as this is difficult to answer, Nelson said that "we are unlikely to achieve sustainability without knowing what it means."
In their paper, Nelson and Vucetich consider the most widely appreciated definitions of sustainability, which indicate at least roughly that sustainability is "meeting human needs in a socially just manner without depriving ecosystems of their health."
While the definition seems quite
|Contact: Tom Oswald|
Michigan State University