Navigation Links
Enlisting cells' protein recycling machinery to regulate plant products
Date:12/20/2013

UPTON, NY--Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified a new way to regulate the production of phenols, a class of plant products with a wide range of applications for humans. These compounds serve as an important source of flavors, fragrances, and pigments; some are of interest for their possible health-promoting effects; and through their contribution to the construction of plant cell walls, (poly)phenols are the major factor influencing how easy it is to convert biomass to biofuels.

"Finding ways to effectively tailor phenol synthesis toward these different purposes could have a large impact on society," said Chang-Jun Liu, who led the team conducting this research.

As described in a paper published in The Plant Cell on December 20, 2013, Liu's team-including postdoctoral research associates Xuebin Zhang and Mingyue Gou-explored an unconventional approach to achieve this goal. The conventional approach takes aim at the regulation of genes that instruct plant cells to make enzymes involved in phenol production. These enzymes are proteins that serve as catalysts to speed up the chemical reactions that synthesize phenols. Instead of trying to regulate how these enzymes are produced, Liu's group looked at how the enzymes might be manipulated after production to control their ability to make plant phenols.

"We know that turning genes on or off can control enzyme levels, therefore influencing the yield of plant products such as phenols," said Liu. "But plants have also developed a very sophisticated system for removing and recycling aberrant or unnecessary proteins/enzymes, and they use this system to regulate their levels. Our goal was to understand how this recycling system might be used to control phenol production."

Recycling machinery

The cellular protein recycling machinery consists of various parts that work together to first identify and biochemicall
'/>"/>

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert  

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Liver cells benefit from mesenchymal stem cell co-culture prior to transplantation
2. Preferable treatment for MS found in allogenic bone marrow stem cells
3. Scientists find a groovy way to influence specialization of stem cells
4. Muscle-invasive and non-muscle invasive bladder cancers arise from different stem cells
5. New hope for stem cells, regenerative medicine emerges from the lab
6. Microprinting leads to low-cost artificial cells
7. Researchers engineer a hybrid 5 times more effective in delivering genetic material into cells
8. Spontaneous fusion with macrophages empowers cancer cells to spread
9. New discovery on how skin cells form bridges paves the way for advances in wound healing
10. Precise docking sites for cells
11. Quantum effects help cells capture light, but the details are obscure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Enlisting cells' protein recycling machinery to regulate plant products
(Date:5/20/2015)... 20, 2015 ... announced the addition of the  "5-year ... Recognition Market"  report to their offering.  ... service analyses trends in the iris ... commercial sectors, globally. Despite hardware pricing ...
(Date:5/19/2015)... GOTHENBURG, Sweden , May 18, 2015 ... touch fingerprint sensors FPC1020, FPC1025, FPC1145, FPC1155 and FPC1035 from ... place from June until and including Q3 2015 and the ... Asia . Communicated order values for 2015 hereby amount ... revenues for Q1 2015 of 140 MSEK and a number ...
(Date:5/19/2015)... 19, 2015 Research ... addition of the  "Genetic Testing Market Outlook ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769) , ,A recent report, Genetic Testing ... of the current and future genetic testing ... their working principles and types are covered ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Iris Recognition Market Report 2015 - 5-Year Opportunity Analysis 2Fingerprint Cards Receives Touch Fingerprint Sensor Order of SEK 230 Million and Raises Revenue Guidance for 2015 2Global Genetic Testing Market Outlook 2018 2
... Bolton Landing, N.Y. Prior to the federal Clean Air ... the Midwestern and Eastern United States for decades. Many of ... the form of acid rain, a chemical concoction that includes ... acid rain can severely decrease the diversity of plant and ...
... The hardiest plants and those most likely to survive ... now easier to identify, thanks to new research findings ... speed at which plants are likely to migrate during ... says Queen,s Biology professor Christopher Eckert. Populations of ...
... a man by his cologne isn,t as superficial as ... sophisticated machinery to analyze hundreds of chemical components in ... males are not only advertising their fitness for fatherhood, ... well. "We now know that there,s information ...
Cached Biology News:Database shows effects of acid rain on microorganisms in Adirondack Lakes 2Database shows effects of acid rain on microorganisms in Adirondack Lakes 3Life on the edge: To disperse, or become extinct? 2Primate's scent speaks volumes about who he is 2Primate's scent speaks volumes about who he is 3
(Date:5/28/2015)... Biscayne Pharmaceuticals, Inc ., today announced ... hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) technology will be discussed in a ... The data show that the family of receptors for ... present on many primary breast cancer cells regardless of ... could have broad anti-cancer potential in breast cancer. 1 ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... Glenn Keet, CEO of Clinovo ... EMR/EHR Clinical Data Integration with EDC Systems ” at ... DC on June 14th-18th. , During the presentation, Glenn ... with EDC, and will examine the value of patient ... electronic health records/electronic medical records integration. , The ...
(Date:5/28/2015)... Rochelle, Virginia (PRWEB) May 28, 2015 ... Partners LLC announced today that Roger L. Williams, ... Expert consultant. NDA Partners Premier Experts are top ... them to bring extraordinary value to the company’s ... critical solutions to help clients successfully develop their ...
(Date:5/27/2015)... Mass. , May 27, 2015 ... biotechnology company focused on discovering and developing innovative ... ophthalmology, today announced that it has commenced a public ... to purchase shares of its common stock and ... common stock. The shares of common stock, warrants ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Data Presented At 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting Shows Biscayne Pharmaceuticals' GHRH Antagonist Target Is Expressed Across All Breast Cancer Subtypes 2Data Presented At 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting Shows Biscayne Pharmaceuticals' GHRH Antagonist Target Is Expressed Across All Breast Cancer Subtypes 3Clinovo Presents at the DIA 2015 51st Annual Meeting in Washington, DC on June 14th-18th 2Former CEO and Chair of the Council of Experts at the USP, Roger L. Williams, MD, Joins NDA Partners as a Premier Expert Consultant 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces Proposed Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 2RXi Pharmaceuticals Announces Proposed Public Offering of Common Stock and Warrants 3
... March 12 A company here is expanding to ... kind that open drain pipes, clean up soil and ... and vegetables.Osprey Biotechnics is quadrupling its output this year ... that,s a lot of bacteria -- about 1.1 trillion ...
... March 12 Proposed legislation that creates a regulatory ... medicines represents a critical step forward in providing more ... and complex conditions, David B. Snow Jr., chairman and ... MHS ) said today."The investment in research and innovation ...
... CASTLE, Del., March 12 -- Arkion(R) Life Sciences has ... AV-1011 Liquid Rice Seed Treatment in Louisiana and Missouri ... The EPA approval means that rice growers in these ... grackles. The new bird repellent effectively stops birds ...
Cached Biology Technology:Osprey Biotechnics: More Trillions of Good Bacteria 2Biogenerics Legislation Provides Critical Pathway to Affordable Access for Patients with Chronic and Complex Conditions 2Biogenerics Legislation Provides Critical Pathway to Affordable Access for Patients with Chronic and Complex Conditions 3AV-1011 Bird Repellent to Protect Rice Seed Approved for Use in Louisiana and Missouri 2
Request Info...
... is a nonspecific endonuclease that degrades double-and ... hydrolyzing phosphodiester linkages, producing mono and oligonucleotides ... Ambion's RNase-free DNase I is of the ... degrade DNA in the presence of RNA ...
hnRNP U (H-94)...
... GELase™ Agarose Gel-Digesting Preparation contains a unique ... simple, quantitative recovery of intact DNA and ... gels following electrophoresis in TAE, TBE, MOPS, ... digested directly in the TAE, TBE, MOPS, ...
Biology Products: