Navigation Links
Engineering cartilage replacements
Date:12/2/2011

A lab discovery is a step toward implantable replacement cartilage, holding promise for knees, shoulders, ears and noses damaged by osteoarthritis, sports injuries and accidents.

Self-assembling sheets of mesenchymal stem cells permeated with tiny beads filled with growth factor formed thicker, stiffer cartilage than previous tissue engineering methods, researchers at Case Western Reserve University have found. A description of the research is published in the Journal of Controlled Release.

"We think that the capacity to drive cartilage formation using the patient's own stem cells and the potential to use this approach without lengthy culture time prior to implantation makes this technology attractive," said Eben Alsberg, associate professor in the departments of Biomedical Engineering and Orthopaedic Surgery, and senior author of the paper.

Alsberg teamed with biomedical engineering graduate students Loran D. Solorio and Phuong N. Dang, undergraduate student Chirag D. Dhami, and Eran L. Vieregge, a student at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine.

The team put transforming growth factor beta-1 in biodegradable gelatin microspheres distributed throughout the sheet of stem cells rather than soak the sheet in growth factor.

The process showed a host of advantages, Alsberg said.

The microspheres provide structure, similar to scaffolds, creating space between cells that is maintained after the beads degrade. The spacing results in better water retention a key to resiliency.

The gelatin beads degrade at a controllable rate due to exposure to chemicals released by the cells. As the beads degrade, growth factor is released to cells at the interior and exterior of the sheet, providing more uniform cell differentiation into neocartilage.

The rate of microsphere degradation and, therefore, cell differentiation, can be tailored by the degree to which the microsphere are cross-linked. With
'/>"/>

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-368-4442
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Bioengineering yields new approaches for diagnosing and treating traumatic brain injury
2. Arizona Engineering associate professor earns national recognition
3. GeneArt® Algae Engineering Kits by Life Technologies™
4. Creation of the largest human-designed protein boosts protein engineering efforts
5. Manufacturing microscale medical devices for faster tissue engineering
6. UM College of Engineering receives $1 million grant from the Department of Energy
7. Testing geoengineering
8. VTT and the MSI combine their unique competencies to a new Center for Bioengineering
9. Survey finds public support for geoengineering research
10. NIH training grant awarded to Boston University School of Medicine and College of Engineering
11. Engineering team heads to Antarctica to explore hidden lake
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/11/2014)... There is evidence that under the normal ... and development, maintain neuronal environment, and exhibit ... and neurodegenerative disease. Previous studies have found ... cells after chemical induction have reduced viability, ... application. Prof. Xiaodong Yuan, Kailuan General Hospital, ...
(Date:7/11/2014)... that let nerve cells send out electrical signals, Johns ... tactic that may offer a new way to protect ... responsible way. , Their findingthat naturally occurring insect ... for a closely related onesuggests that insecticides can be ... like bees. A summary of the research, led by ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... 27, 2014  The American Academy of Forensic ... Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Department of ... and forensic science expert members to the Forensic ... element of the NIST,s Organization of Scientific Area ... first appointments made to the new FSSB that ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Potent spider toxin 'electrocutes' German, not American, cockroaches 2Potent spider toxin 'electrocutes' German, not American, cockroaches 3Ten Members of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Appointed to Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) 2Ten Members of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences Appointed to Forensic Science Standards Board (FSSB) 3
... we,ve been told, eliminating or severely limiting fats from ... in patients suffering from heart failure, a study at ... Results from biological model studies conducted by assistant professor ... researchers, demonstrate that a high-fat diet improved overall mechanical ...
... WASHINGTON The Chesapeake Bay Program is a ... jurisdictions in the bay watershed to oversee the restoration ... the extent of pollutants -- such as nitrogen, phosphorus, ... from the National Research Council assesses the framework used ...
... a researcher at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Margareta ... permafrost. "The changes we see are dramatic. And ... from the norm when compared with a longer term perspective", ... of the globe that is warming up fastest today. Measurements ...
Cached Biology News:Damaged hearts pump better when fueled with fats 2Chesapeake Bay program's 2-year milestones improve upon past strategies, but accounting of progress remains a challenge 2A new research report shows effects of climate change in the Arctic are more extensive than expected 2A new research report shows effects of climate change in the Arctic are more extensive than expected 3
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014  Kainos Capital, a firm specializing in acquiring ... it has acquired the Slim-Fast brand from Unilever. Unilever ... of the transaction were not disclosed. Slim-Fast ... that markets ready-to-drink shakes, powders, bars and snacks to ... and in the United Kingdom ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... 2014 -- According to the International Atomic Energy ... comes from terrorists acquiring sufficient quantities of plutonium ... crude nuclear explosive device. The IAEA also notes ... involved gram-level quantities, which can be challenging to ... a new study appearing this week in the ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... the basis of psychiatric disorders has been extremely challenging ... risk but are insufficient to cause disease. Now investigators ... Press journal Cell Stem Cell describe a ... risks interact with other risk factors or environmental exposures ... research pinpoints a genetic variant that may predispose individuals ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... out for crude 3-D glasses, polarized glasses, and ... basic devices, used to trick the brain into ... rendered obsolete with the introduction of new holography ... TAU doctoral students Yuval Yifat, Michal Eitan, and ... on nanoantennas that could be used for security ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Kainos Capital Acquires Slim-Fast From Unilever 2Sensitive detection method may help impede illicit nuclear trafficking 2New strategy could uncover genes at the root of psychiatric illnesses 2Projecting a 3-dimensional future 2Projecting a 3-dimensional future 3
... has succeeded in significantly increasing the sensitivity of the ... on this topic at Delft University of Technology on ... and astronomers from around the world are currently working ... of 66 advanced telescopes which will be placed at ...
... Iceland, February 3 deCODE genetics,(Nasdaq: DCGN ) ... letter from,the Nasdaq Listing Qualifications Panel (the "Panel") stating ... stock from the Nasdaq Global,Market to the Nasdaq Capital ... Wednesday, February 4, 2009. The Nasdaq Capital Market, which ...
... DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) omega-3 innovator and maker of the ... today that it has entered into a license agreement ... is a process widely used in food manufacturing that ... the nutritional value, shelf-life and flavor of the finished ...
Cached Biology Technology:Nanotechnology makes supertelescopes much more sensitive 2deCODE Announces Transfer of the Listing of its Common Stock from Nasdaq Global Market to Nasdaq Capital Market 2deCODE Announces Transfer of the Listing of its Common Stock from Nasdaq Global Market to Nasdaq Capital Market 3Martek, General Mills Collaborate on Microencapsulation Technology for Food Applications 2Martek, General Mills Collaborate on Microencapsulation Technology for Food Applications 3
... CLS number is a new ... match Cornings product number. If ... order under the old Sigma-Aldrich ... service for assistance. ID clarifier: ...
ID clarifier: With ethidium bromide (50 μg/ml)...
... Pre-tested for optimal ... support the growth of ... for methylcellulose colony-forming assays ... hematopoietic cells. Not suitable ...
... dual parameter assay for mitochondrial membrane ... Active caspases are detected by carboxyfluorescein ... are cell-permeable, non-cytotoxic and bind covalently ... cells. At the same time the ...
Biology Products: