Navigation Links
Engineer studies tensional integrity of biological structures
Date:2/11/2010

Blacksburg, Va. Cornel Sultan, assistant professor of aerospace and ocean engineering at Virginia Tech, is the latest faculty member at the university to learn he has received a National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award.

Sultan joins a phenomenal list of more than 70 Virginia Tech CAREER award winners, of which some 60 have been members of the College of Engineering since the award was created in 1994. He will receive some $400,000 from NSF to help him in his research and teaching endeavors. http://www.aoe.vt.edu/people/faculty.php?fac_id=csultan

Sultan, who joined the AOE department in 2007, is looking at biological discoveries to develop new controllable structures that, in engineering terms, have "tensional integrity" or tensegrity. This concept means that the integrity of the structure is primarily due to its tensioned elements.

"For example, in biology the membrane, intermediate, and actin filaments of a living cell's framework are crucial in achieving structural integrity and morphing shape capabilities as well as allowing for its sensing, control, and information transmitting functions," Sultan said.

Sultan, who spent two years at Harvard University as a research fellow studying the mathematical modeling of biological structures, said his research could lead to improvements in multiple areas. His findings could further the understanding of the connection between heart disease and a cell's structure, aid tissue and organ reconstruction research, and explain how nature controls motion in a fast and energy efficient manner.

When the biology is applied to engineering principles, Sultan believes the resulting mathematical models and control strategies will be "critical in validating tensegrity applications such as space telescopes, antennas, and robots, thus enabling the jump from feasibility to implementation."

This research will also advance new applications in energy harvesting from large vibrations, morphing structures, and robotics, and will impact art and architecture, where the current trend is to use assemblies of cables, bars, and membranes for lightness, transparency, and increased urban aesthetics, he added.

"Cornel's work successfully bridges multiple disciplines in a way that is especially applicable to aerospace engineering as autonomous aerospace vehicles are steadily decreasing in size and increasing in functionality. Energy-harvesting and shape-changing are just two of the functions that his bio-inspired approach to vehicles is going to revolutionize," said Christopher Hall, AOE professor and department head.

Sultan, the co-holder of one patent on an orthopedic implant, is a reviewer for the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal, Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, Journal of Aircraft, International Journal of Solids and Structures, International Journal of Space Structures, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Transactions on Automatic Control, Automatica, and the Journal of Sound and Vibration.

Among his honors, he received a 1996 NASA Fellowship, a 1998 Puskas Fellowship from Purdue University, and two United Technologies Research Center Publication Awards in 2006 and in 2007. He also earned a Romanian Outstanding Student Fellowship in 1990, 1991, and 1992, given to only the top one percent nationally.

Just prior to coming to Virginia Tech, Sultan spent three years with the United Technologies Research Center of East Hartford, CT., in a senior technical leadership position. He was the principal investigator for its autonomous formation flying helicopters control project in cooperation with the University of California at Berkeley. He was also task leader for the Sikorsky swash-plateless rotor helicopter and the Pratt and Whitney mission adaptive propulsion control projects.

Sultan earned his master's in mathematics and Ph.D. in aeronautics and astronautics degrees from Purdue University.


'/>"/>
Contact: Lynn Nystrom
tansy@vt.edu
540-231-4371
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Bioengineers at University of Pennsylvania devise nanoscale system to measure cellular forces
2. Innovative civil engineering application promises cleaner waters
3. Princeton engineers develop low-cost recipe for patterning microchips
4. UCR engineers to develop new tool to measure how environmental exposures affect health
5. UCI and CODA Genomics collaborate to re-engineer yeast for biofuel production
6. Boston University biomedical engineers find chink in bacterias armor
7. CU researcher engineers sorghum that grows in poisonous soils
8. A step toward tissue-engineered heart structures for children
9. Institution of Chemical Engineers chooses Elsevier as publishing partner
10. Green skies: Engineers work may reduce jet travels role in global warming
11. Cystic fibrosis patients may breathe easier, thanks to bioengineered antimicrobials
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Engineer studies tensional integrity of biological structures
(Date:6/9/2016)... , June 9, 2016  Perkotek an innovation leader in attendance control systems ... seamlessly log work hours, for employers to make sure the right employees are actually ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160609/377486LOGO ... ... ...
(Date:6/3/2016)... , June 3, 2016 ... von Nepal hat ... Lieferung hochsicherer geprägter Kennzeichen, einschließlich Personalisierung, Registrierung ... in der Produktion und Implementierung von Identitätsmanagementlösungen. ... Ausschreibung im Januar teilgenommen, aber Decatur wurde ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... LONDON , June 2, 2016 ... Systems, Manned Platforms, Unmanned Systems, Physical Infrastructure, Support & ... intelligence provider visiongain offers comprehensive analysis of ... that this market will generate revenues of $17.98 billion ... Systems acquired DVTEL Inc, a leader in software and ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... today announced the appointment of Joshua F. Coleman , ... Dr. Coleman will oversee clinical content development and curation of ... software suite empowers molecular pathologists with a seamless workflow for ... from quality control through reporting. ... , , ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... - Portage Biotech Inc. ("Portage" or "the Company") (OTC: ... announce the formation of EyGen, Ltd. a new ... through proof of concept. EyGen,s lead asset is ... Limited and being developed for topical ophthalmic delivery ... diseases. This agent has the potential to become ...
(Date:11/30/2016)...  The Allen Institute for Cell Science has ... available collection of gene edited, fluorescently tagged human ... structures with unprecedented clarity. Distributed through the Coriell ... a crucial first step toward visualizing the dynamic ... human cells healthy and what goes wrong in ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... 30, 2016  Tempus, a technology company focused ... Penn,s Abramson Cancer Center have partnered to better ... to immunotherapy treatment based on next generation genomic ... of a research collaboration, Tempus will provide sequencing ... patient data to Penn. Utilizing next-generation sequencing, machine ...
Breaking Biology Technology: