Navigation Links
Egg whites solve the 3-D problem
Date:10/7/2008

The real world is three-dimensional. That's true even in the laboratory, where scientists have to grow cells to study how they develop and what happens when their growth is abnormal.

More and more laboratories are seeking to develop three-dimensional cell culture systems that allow them to test their new techniques and drugs in a system that more closely mimics the way in which cells grow. However, a big sticking point is the cost of commercial media for growing such cultures.

Dr. Steffi Oesterreich, associate professor in the Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center at Baylor College of Medicine, and Dr. Benny A. Kaipparettu, a postdoctoral associate in her laboratory, found a solution chicken egg whites. Their process has garnered attention in other laboratories around the world. A report on their technique appeared in a recent issue of the journal BioTechniques, which featured their article on its cover.

"It's important because the architecture of the cell is different in two dimensions compared to three," she said. "Understanding how the cell communicates, how protein work requires three dimensions."

For example, breast cells in the mammary gland form ducts through which milk flows when a woman breastfeeds.

"These are the same cells that cause cancer," said Oesterreich. "When you put these cells in the egg white preparation, it forms a structure like a duct. In the two-dimensional form, the cells cannot form a duct."

Only a three-dimensional culture allows cells to signal or send messages to one another as they would in a normal environment. Understanding cell signaling has become an increasingly important part of understanding how cells operate normally and what does wrong when they do not.

The use of a three-dimensional cell culture systems has become so important that the National Cancer Institute has launched a new Tumor Microenvironment Network focusing on studies of the cellular microenvironment relying heavily on three-dimensional culture systems and encouraging initiatives to improve techniques.

Oesterreich and Kaipparettu in cooperation with others in their laboratory found that chicken eggs whites enabled them to grow both normal and tumors cells in three-dimensions.

"We have known for centuries that a baby chick can grow in three dimensions in an egg shell without any external support," said Kaipparettu. "Now we have found that Mother Nature has provided us a valuable tool for medical research. It gives an 'eggcellent' tool for researchers around the world to perform three-dimensional cellular research."

They are seeking a patent on the process, and hoping to find corporate partners.

Egg whites are a good tool because they are easy and cheap to obtain and they are transparent, allowing the researchers to see the cells under a microscope.

"It seemed a good idea and we thought we would try it," said Kaipparettu.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kimberlee Norton
kknorton@bcm.edu
713-798-4710
Baylor College of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Known genetic risk for Alzheimers in whites also places blacks at risk
2. Replacing the coach doesnt solve problems
3. Stem cells may solve mystery of early pregnancy breast cancer protection
4. Guilt on their hands: tiny tags could help to solve and deter gun crime
5. Scientists may have solved an ecological riddle
6. Worldwide mission to solve iron deficiency
7. Mystery of infamous New England Dark Day solved by tree rings
8. Mystery of infamous New England Dark Day solved by 3 rings
9. MIT solves gravity-defying bird beak mystery
10. New clues to how proteins dissolve and crystallize
11. Dissolved organic matter in the water column may influence coral health
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/22/2016)... NEW YORK , December 22, 2016 ... global provider of secure solutions for the e-Government, Public Safety, HealthCare, ... a subsidiary of SuperCom, has been selected to implement and deploy ... county in Northern California , further expanding its ... ...
(Date:12/16/2016)... 16, 2016   IdentyTechSolutions America LLC , ... and solutions and a cutting-edge manufacturer of software ... is offering seamless, integrated solutions that comprise IDT ... The solutions provide IdentyTech,s customers with combined physical ... from crime and theft. "We are ...
(Date:12/15/2016)... Dec. 15, 2016   WaferGen Bio-systems, Inc. ... technology company, announced today that on December 13, 2016, ... of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC which acknowledged that, ... of WaferGen,s common stock had been at $1.00 or ... regained compliance with Listing Rule 5550(a)(2) of the Nasdaq ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... DUBLIN , Jan 19, 2017 Research and ... has announced the addition ... - Material, Application - Forecast to 2025" report to ... The report provides a detailed analysis on current ... Market forecasts till 2025, using estimated market values as the base numbers ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... November Research Group, LLC, ... and medical device manufacturers and regulators, is proud to announce the worldwide release ... client designed to provide product vigilance departments with the flexibility and ease of ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan. 19, 2017  ArmaGen, Inc., today announced ... Ph.D., as chief executive officer, as well as ... brings to ArmaGen more than 17 years of ... development of biotherapeutics and pharmaceuticals. ... diverse experience and skillset necessary to lead ArmaGen ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... The American ... to update its Data Sharing Policy. Specifically, the nation’s leading informatics experts, said ... to the existing policy. AMIA recommended that NIH earmark funding for researchers to ...
Breaking Biology Technology: