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Effectiveness of progesterone in reducing preterm births may be altered by genetic predisposition
Date:1/29/2009

SAN DIEGO, CA, JAN. 30, 2009 New research that may explain why taking progesterone to prevent preterm birth is only effective for some women was unveiled today at the 29th Annual Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) meeting The Pregnancy Meeting.

The drug, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (or 17P), a synthetic form of the progesterone hormone naturally produced during pregnancy, has been demonstrated in clinical trials to prevent some recurrent preterm births but not all.

"This study helps strengthen the theory that genetic variation in the human progesterone receptor plays an important role in the effectiveness of 17P," states Tracy Manuck, M.D., study author and SMFM member.

Women who have a spontaneous preterm delivery are at greatly increased risk of preterm delivery in subsequent pregnancies. Preterm birth is a leading cause of infant death in the United States and babies who survive face serious lifelong health problems. More than 543,000 babies are born too soon each year and recent federal statistics show that the nation's preterm birth rate has risen to 12.8 percent -- a 36 percent increase since the early 1980s.

"Dr. Manuck's research gives us a tantalizing clue as to why 17P works for some women, but not for others," said Alan R. Fleischman, M.D., senior vice president and medical director of the March of Dimes. "With further research along these lines, we hope to someday be able to prevent preterm birth from happening in the first place by screening women before they get pregnant, and identifying those whose babies could get a healthy start in life with the help of 17P."

The research, which was sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit Network and the University of Utah, assessed whether women with genetic variations known as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the human progesterone receptor gene we
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Contact: Elizabeth Lynch
elynch@marchofdimes.com
914-997-4286
March of Dimes Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

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