Navigation Links
Ecological genetics of freshwater bacteria surveyed

Novel molecular techniques have been responsible for major strides in microbial ecology and are addressing broadly important scientific questions about the variety and distribution of microbial life, according to an article in the February 2008 issue of BioScience. The article, Progress in the Ecological Genetics and Biodiversity of Freshwater Bacteria, by Jrg B. Logue, Helmut Brgmann, and Christopher T. Robinson, inaugurates a series of articles in BioScience on the theme 21st Century Directions in Biology. Most issues of BioScience will include an article about the impacts of new molecular techniques on a range of biological fields.

The authors of the first 21st Century Directions in Biology article summarize the history of techniques that allow the study of bacteria that cannot be cultured in the laboratorythe large majority. The first generation of such techniques was focused principally on the analysis of DNA sequences. Research that employed these techniques indirectly shed light on the nature of freshwater environments as a bacterial habitat. A particular problem in the study of freshwater environments is that they fluctuate greatly over time and space. It has become clear, however, that freshwater is quite different from terrestrial soil and marine environments in terms of the bacteria present.

Progress has brought new information to bear on the long-debated question of what exactly constitutes a bacterial species. It has also clarified the role of random events in the distribution of such species: randomness appears to be a substantial, although not all-powerful, influence.

The newest techniques can analyze specific functional capabilities of bacteria, such as their ability to metabolize particular molecules. Moreover, some techniques can analyze multiple capabilities in parallel. These are being combined with accurate and sensitive measurement techniques. Such research is yielding new understanding of how microbial populations shift in response to environmental change, a question that is likely to loom larger as freshwater becomes a more limiting resource for human populations.


Contact: Tim Beardsley
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Related biology news :

1. Book on weeds and invasive plants discusses how to manage them using ecological approaches
2. Biogeochemistry -- A window into the Earths ecological health
3. Mellon awards Carnegie Grant for Ecological Monitoring in South Africa
4. Genetics determine optimal drug dose of common anticoagulant
5. American College of Medical Genetics responds to new FDA labeling decision for warfarin
6. Rutgers Genetics receives $7.8 million for autism research
7. UD leads $5.3-million research project on rice epigenetics
8. UD leads $5.3-million research project on rice epigenetics
9. Wasp genetics study suggests altruism evolved from maternal behavior
10. Maynard Olson receives $500,000 Gruber Genetics Prize
11. UBC discovery unlocks tree genetics, gives new hope for pine beetle defense
Post Your Comments:
(Date:4/19/2016)... -- The new GEZE SecuLogic access control ... system solution for all door components. It can be ... interface with integration authorization management system, and thus fulfills ... dimensions of the access control and the optimum integration ... considerable freedom of design with regard to the doors. ...
(Date:4/13/2016)... , April 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid ... setting a new clinical standard in telehealth thanks to ... leveraging the higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track ... and body mass index, and, when they opt in, ... convenient visit to a local retail location at no ...
(Date:3/23/2016)... Massachusetts , March 23, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... im Interesse erhöhter Sicherheit Gesichts- und Stimmerkennung ... Xura, Inc. (NASDAQ: MESG ), ... bekannt, dass das Unternehmen mit SpeechPro zusammenarbeitet, ... aus der Finanzdienstleistungsbranche, wird die Möglichkeit angeboten, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... /PRNewswire/ - FACIT has announced the creation of ... company, Propellon Therapeutics Inc. ("Propellon" or "the Company"), ... portfolio of first-in-class WDR5 inhibitors for the treatment ... represent an exciting class of therapies, possessing the ... cancer patients. Substantial advances have been achieved with ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016  The Biodesign Challenge (BDC), a university competition ... harness living systems and biotechnology, announced its winning teams ... New York City . The ... projects at MoMA,s Celeste Bartos Theater during the daylong ... senior curator of architecture and design, and Suzanne ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Apellis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today ... trials of its complement C3 inhibitor, APL-2. The ... ascending dose studies designed to assess the safety, ... injection in healthy adult volunteers. Forty ... a single dose (ranging from 45 to 1,440mg) ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... WI (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2016 , ... ... focused on quality, regulatory and technical consulting, provides a free webinar ... presented on July 13, 2016 at 12pm CT at no charge. , Incomplete ...
Breaking Biology Technology: