Navigation Links
Early male friendship as a precursor to substance abuse in girls
Date:3/10/2011

Montreal, QC March 10, 2011 In childhood, boys and girls tend to form friendships almost exclusively with same-sex peers. Around early adolescence, they gradually begin to include other-sex friends in their network. A new study published in Journal of Research on Adolescence suggests that girls and boys experience this transition very differently. The findings show that girls tend to initiate the transition to a mixed-gender friendship network earlier than boys, and continue this transition at a faster pace during adolescence. As a result girls who experienced this transition early and fast were more likely to develop substance abuse problems during late adolescence.

Researchers followed a sample of almost 400 adolescents (58% girls), aged twelve to eighteen, from a large French-speaking school district in Canada. They were interviewed annually over a seven-year period about their friendship network and their use of alcohol and drugs.

Lead author Dr. Franois Poulin, "Peer relationships are considered to be one of the main risk factors for substance use. However, for boys, the formation of other-sex friendships is not associated with later substance use problems. Boys reported receiving higher levels of emotional support from their other-sex friends, whereas girls receive more support from their same-sex friends. It is possible that having other-sex friends is protective for boys because they gain emotional support and are therefore less likely to engage in problem behavior."

The study finds that among girls, antisocial behavior and early pubertal maturation accelerated the increase in the proportion of other-sex friends. Compared to their same-sex friends, girls tended to form friendships with older males in out-of-school contexts. Since the legal drinking age is 18 in Canada, it may simply be more difficult for younger girls to purchase their own alcohol, thus older boys become one point of access for this substance. The study findings imply that parents may wish to take a more active role in monitoring their daughters' friendships, especially with older boys.

The authors maintain that by middle adolescence, once this transition has been completed, the impact of other-sex friendships on girls' maladjustment fades away. Mixed-gender networks then become more normative and girls are more likely to form romantic relationships with their male peers. The influence of boys on girls' substance-using behavior might then operate in the context of these romantic relationships.

The authors suggest that future studies should also examine the longitudinal associations between other-sex friends and other outcomes such as educational achievement and antisocial behavior. Finally, aspects of these other-sex friendships in early adolescence should be more carefully investigated, including the setting in which they take place, their linkages with the rest of the youth's friendship network, and parental supervision of these new emerging relationships.


'/>"/>

Contact: Bethany Carland-Adams
scholarlynews@wiley.com
781-388-8509
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Combining brain imaging, genetic analysis may help identify people at early risk of Alzheimers
2. Early tests find nanoshell therapy effective against brain cancer
3. Nearly 10 million euros ($13.6 million) in ERC grants for 6 Technische Universitaet Muenchen researchers
4. Reducing diet early in pregnancy stunts fetal brain development
5. Warming climate means red deer rutting season arrives early
6. Researchers report on the early development of anti-HIV neutralizing antibodies
7. Oxygen-free early oceans likely delayed rise of life on planet
8. Early investigations promising for detecting metastatic breast cancer cells
9. Oceanic garbage patch not nearly as big as portrayed in media
10. JCI online early table of contents: Jan. 4, 2011
11. Scientists discover powerful biomarker panel for the early detection of breast cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/1/2016)... , February 1, 2016 ... advancements to drive global touchfree intuitive gesture control market ... --> Rising sales of consumer electronics coupled with ... control market size through 2020 ... electronics coupled with new technological advancements to drive global ...
(Date:1/27/2016)... Jan. 27, 2016  Rite Track, Inc. a leading ... West Chester, Ohio announced today the ... staff, based in Austin, Texas , ... to provide modifications, installations and technical support offerings for ... of PLUS, commented, "PLUS has provided world class service ...
(Date:1/22/2016)... 2016 http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p74whf/global_biometrics ... "Global Biometrics Market in Retail Sector ... --> http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p74whf/global_biometrics ) has announced ... Market in Retail Sector 2016-2020" report ... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/p74whf/global_biometrics ) has ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... Franz Inc. , ... Database technology has been recognized As “ Best in Semantic Web Technology - ... “At Corporate America, it’s our priority to showcase prominent professionals who are excelling ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... -- With the growing need for better therapeutics, and ... such as monoclonal antibodies, recombinant protein therapeutics and ... are in high demand. Conventionally expression systems were ... of these therapeutics. However, due to issues with ... approaches and novel expression systems are currently being ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... ... February 03, 2016 , ... ProMIS ... potential targets (epitopes) specific to misfolded, propagating strains of Amyloid beta involved in ... antibody therapeutics for Alzheimer’s. , Following on from the first misfolded Amyloid beta ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... ... February 03, 2016 , ... ZeptoMetrix™ Corporation (ZMC), announced today ... ongoing quality control of molecular assays targeting the Zika Virus. , “Our level ... Chiklis, President and CEO of ZeptoMetrix, relayed to his Executive Team. “We need ...
Breaking Biology Technology: