Navigation Links
Early detection and quick response are key to defense against anthrax attack
Date:7/24/2009

NEW YORK (July 24, 2009) -- A large attack on a major metropolitan area with airborne anthrax could affect more than a million people, necessitating their treatment with powerful antibiotics. A new study finds that in order for a response to be effective, quick detection and treatment are essential, and any delay beyond three days would overwhelm hospitals with critically ill people.

The results of a computer simulation study appear in the July/August edition of the journal Medical Decision Making -- one of two studies by Dr. Nathaniel Hupert of Weill Cornell Medical College in the issue. The study can be found at http://mdm.sagepub.com/cgi/rapidpdf/0272989X09341389v1

"No matter how well-organized and prolonged a treatment program is, it must be quickly implemented. In fact, our analysis shows that time-to-treatment is roughly twice as important as the duration of the distribution program," says lead author Dr. Nathaniel Hupert, associate professor of public health and medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College.

"Crucial to rapidly implementing a treatment program is early detection, including thorough use of advanced biosurveillance technologies and live, person-to-person communication," continues Dr. Hupert, who is also director of the new Preparedness Modeling Unit at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "But most important of all are multilateral diplomatic efforts to prevent bioterrorist attacks from ever happening."

The study predicts that a campaign initiated two days after exposure would protect as many as 87 percent of exposed individuals from illness -- a rate considered successful by the CDC. Each additional day needed to complete the campaign would result in an average of up to 2.9 percent more hospitalizations in the exposed population. And each extra day of delay to the start of the program beyond two days would result in up to 6.5 percent more hospitalizations.

Anthrax attack scenarios typically involve the release of one kilogram of weaponized anthrax from a small airplane flying over a major city. The invisible powder could be inhaled by thousands or hundreds of thousands, who would start becoming sick anywhere from 24 hours to a week or more after the attack. With appropriate and timely administration of an antibiotic treatment program, exposed individuals would be spared from developing inhalational anthrax infection.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrew Klein
ank2017@med.cornell.edu
212-821-0560
New York- Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center/Weill Cornell Medical College
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Early rice harvests ease annual famine in Bangladesh
2. Early initiation of Arctic sea-ice formation
3. Early-life experience linked to chronic diseases later in life: UBC research
4. PNNL scientist garners early career presidential award
5. 2 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists receive Presidential Early Career Award
6. Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet
7. First direct evidence of substantial fish consumption by early modern humans in China
8. Chromosomal problems affect nearly all human embryos
9. Complications early in pregnancy or in previous pregnancies adversely affect existing or subsequent pregnancies
10. Study shows Chronix technology using serum DNA can identify early presence of disease
11. Major breakthrough in early detection and prevention of AMD
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/15/2016)... 15, 2016 Yissum Research Development Company ... company of the Hebrew University, announced today the formation ... technology of various human biological indicators. Neteera Technologies has ... from private investors. ... detection of electromagnetic emissions from sweat ducts, enables reliable ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... , Allemagne, March 14, 2016 ... ) - --> - Renvoi : image ... --> --> ... biométriques, fournit de nouveaux lecteurs d,empreintes digitales pour ... de DERMALOG sera utilisé pour produire des cartes ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... India , March 11, 2016 ... a new market research report "Image Recognition Market by ... Application (Marketing and Advertising), by Deployment Type (On-Premises and ... Forecast To 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market ... 2015 to USD 29.98 Billion by 2020, at a ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... 27, 2016 NanoStruck Technologies ... NSKQB) ( Frankfurt : 8NSK) gibt ... vom 13. August 2015 die Genehmigung von der ... zusätzliche 200.000.000 Einheiten auf 400.000.000 Einheiten zu erhöhen, ... Davon wurden 157.900.000 Einheiten mit dem ersten Teil ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... ... pleased to announce the appointment of John Tilton as Chief Commercial Officer.  Mr. ... and one of the founding commercial leaders responsible for the commercialization of multiple ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... PathSensors, Inc., a leading environmental ... Lamka will assist PathSensors in expanding the use of the company’s CANARY® technology ... test platform for the detection of harmful pathogens, including a number of bacteria, ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... ... April 27, 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group ... Board. Ross is the founder of GSCG affiliate Kimera Labs in Miami. , In ... studied hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for hematologic disorders and the suppression of graft vs. ...
Breaking Biology Technology: