Navigation Links
Early brain activity sheds new light on the neural basis of reading
Date:4/27/2009

Most people are expert readers, but it is something of an enigma that our brain can achieve expertise in such a recent cultural invention, which lies at the interface between vision and language. Given that the first alphabetic scripts are thought to have been invented only around four to five thousand years it is unlikely that enough time has elapsed to allow the evolution of specialized parts of the brain for reading. While neuroimaging techniques have made some progress in understanding the neural underpinning of this essentially cultural skill, the exact unfolding of brain activity has remained elusive.

Now, a better understanding of the brain basis of reading has been reported in research published in the open-access, peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE. The research was led by Piers Cornelissen, Morten Kringelbach, Ian Holliday and Peter Hansen from the Universities of York, Oxford, Aston, and Birmingham UK, and was funded by the Wellcome Trust. The authors showed very early interactions between the vision and language domains during reading, with the speech motor areas of the brain (inferior frontal gyrus) being active at the same time (after a seventh of a second) as the orthographic word-form is being resolved within a brain region called the fusiform gyrus. This finding challenges the conventional view of a temporally serial processing sequence for reading in which letter forms are initially decoded, interact with their phonological and semantic representations, and only then gain access to a speech code.

This finding has a potentially important clinical application in relation to developmental dyslexia (affecting between 15-30 million people in the US alone) and those with acquired reading disabilities through injury or disease. A better understanding of normal reading processes could potentially help these individuals.

The research team used a neuroimaging method called magnetoencephalography (MEG) at Aston University,
'/>"/>

Contact: Rebecca Walton
rwalton@plos.org
44-122-346-3333
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Early isolation linked to enhanced response to cocaine
2. Early isolation linked to enhanced response to cocaine
3. Early administration of antiretroviral therapy can improve survival
4. Compendium of pancreatic cancer biomarkers established as strategic approach to early-detection
5. Novel lung cancer vaccine shows promise in fighting early-stage lung cancer
6. Early family ties: No sponge in the human family tree
7. Two innovative University of Texas at Austin biologists become HHMI Early Career Scientists
8. Two Hutchinson Center researchers named HHMI Early Career Scientists
9. Peter Baumann named Howard Hughes Medical Institute Early Career Scientist
10. Whitehead member Peter Reddien named HHMI Early Career Scientist
11. Deep-sea rocks point to early oxygen on Earth
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/17/2014)... NEW YORK , Dec. 15, 2014  HITLAB SM ... Practices (GCP) audit to confirm its adherence to current ... enables HITLAB to conduct regulated smart device and smart ... safety and research quality. "HITLAB is determined ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... Markets , http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ... addition of the "Biometrics Market in the APAC ... One major trend emerging in this market is advances ... important to upgrade biometric solutions to the latest standard ...
(Date:12/10/2014)... , Dec. 9, 2014  Valencell, a leader in ... seeing a staggering demand from its licensees for highly ... revealed, is not solely coming from fitness and health ... "A wearable is only as useful as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):HITLAB Completes GCP Audit for FDA Smart Device & App Compliance 2Biometrics Market in the APAC Region 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, NEC, Safran and Suprema 2Wearable Technology Products Demand Highly Accurate Biometric Technology 2
... research infrastructures (BMS ESFRIs) by investing in a national ... the EU level initiatives in developing biobanking (BBMRI), bioinformatics ... investment follows the 3-year pan-European planning phase, and a ... 2010. The approach that Finland has selected ...
... northeastern United States are faced with challenges ranging from ... load. These and other problems create barriers to effective ... production (OFP) of apples, limiting growers, access to potentially ... HortScience , Cornell University scientists report on a systems-based ...
... to lessen the environmental impact of urbanization, green roofs ... benefits. A new study from researchers at Colorado State ... HortScience evaluated six plant species to determine ... in Colorado. Five plants that survived the 2-year experiment ...
Cached Biology News:Finland initiates European biomedical research infrastructures construction with $6.7 million for 2011 2Finland initiates European biomedical research infrastructures construction with $6.7 million for 2011 3Integrated, organic production systems evaluated for 'liberty' apple 25 standout species for extensive green roofs 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... SAN DIEGO , Jan. 22, 2015   ... company, and Sequenom, Inc. (NASDAQ: SQNM ... a development agreement for next generation noninvasive prenatal ... Cypher,s genome interpretation technology, called Mantis™, to advance ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... 22, 2015  Derma Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... advanced wound care, announces that AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX®, ... added to the Premier, Inc. Regenerative Skin Grafting ... the AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX® product lines, which continue ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... and NEW YORK , Dec. 24, ... company advancing patient care in critical areas, announced the closing ... stock, and warrants to purchase up to an aggregate 3,500,000 ... per share and $.01 per warrant.  The warrants have a ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... (PRWEB) December 23, 2014 “Preparative ... Gas, HPLC, Flash), Consumables (Columns, Solvents, Buffers, Valves, ... Food & Agriculture) - Forecasts to 2019” provides ... challenges, opportunities, current market trends, and strategies impacting ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 3Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 2Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 3Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 5PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 2Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 4
... wooden statue inside their walls, and woke up to ... have been examining gift horses carefully. There's generally nothing ... ,The state Building Commission will define what's within reason ... the first phase of the Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery, ...
... Third Wave Technologies, Inc. has added two ... that helped litigate Third Wave's successful patent infringement suit ... it would host a conference call on Tuesday, April ... earnings. , ,Third Wave, which develops and markets molecular ...
... Wis. Wisconsin's Building Commission approved a $150 ... planned Institutes for Discovery on a block of the ... ,Governor Jim Doyle chairs the commission, which voted 7-1 ... groundbreaking in December 2007 and finish in 2009. , ...
Cached Biology Technology:Seven good reasons to approve the Institutes for Discovery 2Seven good reasons to approve the Institutes for Discovery 3Third Wave announces two senior management appointments 2
Mouse Anti-Human Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor, two domains, long cytoplasmic tail, 4 (KIR2DL4 Monoclonal Antibody Family: New...
Polymerase (RNA) II (DNA directed) polypeptide L...
... PI is used in conjuction with ... in the earlier stages of apoptosis (Annexin ... are in later stages of apoptosis or ... PI is detected in the orange range ...
BD Primaria 35 mm Cell Culture Dish with Easy-Grip design, surface-modified polystyrene for enhanced cell culture. (20/sp, 200/ca) Packaging: 20 / sleeve, 500 / case ...
Biology Products: