Navigation Links
ESHRE launches international study of polar body screening
Date:6/28/2009

Amsterdam, The Netherlands: The efficacy of preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) has been one of the most hotly disputed subjects in assisted reproduction over the past few years. None of the trials carried out so far has shown conclusively whether it works or not. Now the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) Task Force on PGS has decided to try to find out if a novel method of doing PGS using polar body biopsy and chromosome array analysis offers a possible solution.

Professor Joep Geraedts, ESHRE chairman, told the 25th annual conference of the society today (Sunday June 28) that the Task Force would carry out a pilot study of PGS in one of each pair of 23 chromosomes in polar bodies, tiny cells that are a by-product of egg development, in collaboration with BlueGnome, a DNA technology company based in Cambridge, UK. Once a pilot study has shown that the technique is feasible, the researchers intend to carry out an international randomised trial.

The first phase will begin in September 2009 in two centres: the University of Bonn, Germany (Dr. Markus Montag and Professor Hans van der Ven), and SISMER, Bologna, Italy (Dr. Luca Gianaroli and Dr. Cristina Magli). "Because this is a new technology," said Dr. Gianaroli, "we need to carry out a pilot study in order to be sure that the analysis can be completed within a time period that allows for fresh transfer, as well as to ensure the reliable identification of the chromosomal status of an oocyte in at least 90% of polar body biopsy attempts."

The two centres chosen for the pilot study have considerable experience in the field of polar body biopsy because legislation in their countries restricts the possibility of undertaking embryo biopsy at a later stage of development. The data from the study will be independently analysed by Dr. Sjoerd Repping, from the Academic Medical Centre in Amsterdam, who carried out a randomised trial of PGS on three-day old embryos published in 2007. The researchers hope to present the data at ESHRE 2010 in Rome and to start the RCT with the involvement of at least six centres in different European countries later the same year.

Oocytes to be used in the pilot phase will be obtained from volunteer patients who have given consent for their use in this study. There will be no age restrictions on those donating their eggs.

By biopsying polar bodies at an early stage of egg development, the researchers believe that not only are they using a less invasive method of chromosome analysis, but also a more accurate one. "A biopsied blastomere, or very early embryo, is not a true representation of the other cells in that same embryo," said Professor Geraedts. "This mosaicism confuses the analyses and we don't know what it means for that embryo in the later stages of its development."

24sure, the novel molecular technique to be used in both phases of the trial was developed by BlueGnome and is based on DNA amplification and microarray technology, which enables scientists to look at all the chromosomes at the same time. This is, in theory, far more powerful than the method of fluorescent in situ hybridisation or FISH, which has been used thus far.

"It is because we think this subject is so important," said Professor Geraedts, "that we have decided to launch our first-ever clinical study. We hope that we will be able to answer the outstanding questions about PGS once and for all. If we can show that polar body screening works, it will be a major step forward in improving IVF treatment for many women who have persistent difficulty in getting pregnant and maintaining a pregnancy."


'/>"/>

Contact: Mary Rice
mary@mrcommunication.org
European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Nutricia launches Nutra Neocate, weaning product designed for cows’ milk protein allergy
2. Swiss Initiative in Systems Biology launches new projects
3. Springer launches StemCellGateway.net
4. Springer launches SpringerExemplar.com
5. UC Davis launches One Health care for wild mountain gorillas and human neighbors
6. Futronic Launches FS90 USB2.0 Mini Fingerprint Scanner
7. Futronic Launches FS90 USB2.0 Mini Fingerprint Scanner
8. Iowa State chemist synthesizes carbohydrates, launches startup company
9. LabRoots Launches Social Networking Site for Scientists & Engineers
10. Stanford launches $100 million initiative to tackle energy issues
11. From sheet metal elements to host cells: DFG launches 10 new collaborative research centers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/2/2016)... Feb. 2, 2016  BioMEMS devices deployed ... focused on medical screening and diagnostic applications, ... Wearable devices that facilitate and assure continuous ... movement are being bolstered through new opportunities ... signal acquisition coupled with wireless connectivity and ...
(Date:2/2/2016)... Checkpoint Inhibitors for Cancer – Explore ... you interested in the future of cancer drugs? ... Visiongain,s report gives those predictions to 2026 at ... Avoid falling behind in data or losing ... those emerging cancer therapies can achieve. There you ...
(Date:2/2/2016)...   Parabon NanoLabs (Parabon) announced today ... Office and the Defense Forensics and Biometrics Agency ... company,s Snapshot Kinship Inference software for ... defense-related DNA forensics.  Although Snapshot is best known ... ancestry from DNA evidence), it also has the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  BD (Becton, Dickinson and ... technology company, today announced the launch of the BD ... and Technology (AGBT) Meeting. --> ... genomic research by providing cost effective NGS library preparation ... a high-throughput, fully integrated, next generation sequencing (NGS) library ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... (NASDAQ: NBIX ) today announced its financial results for the ... --> --> For the fourth quarter of 2015, ... loss per share, compared to a net loss of $19.4 million, ... For the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company reported a ... compared to a net loss of $60.5 million, or $0.81 loss ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  Spectra BioPharma Selling Solutions (Spectra) is a ... companies the experience, expertise, operational delivery and customer ... teams. Created in concert with industry leading commercial ... and tactical needs of its clients by providing ... personal and non-personal promotion. --> ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , February 11, 2016 ... Corporation ("PositiveID" or "Company") (OTCQB: PSID), a life ... today that its Thermomedics subsidiary, which markets the ... its growth plan in January 2016, including entering ... increasing sequential monthly sales growth, and establishing several ...
Breaking Biology Technology: